With the arrival of spring, the life of each person becomes much more diverse and more fun. After the winter hooks begin to wake up animals and plants. The first herbs and flowers appear on the flower beds. It is during this period that the gardeners begin active actions to decorate their household plots. Thanks to the painstaking work of breeders and botany flower products can cultivate many plants, which differ in appearance, flowering period and care. Experienced gardeners recommend choosing unpretentious varieties whose cultivation will not cause difficulties even from newbies. One of these colors is Cleom.
Cleoma – a herbaceous plant that belongs to the combir family and enters the subspecies of the cabbaceous. Thanks to the unusual structure of buds, this flower is often called “champagne splashes” or “Flower Spider”. A detailed description of this plant can be found in the specialized literature on Botanic.
Depending on the type of the Clema, it can be as an annual flower and perennial. The maximum height of the adult plant can reach 150 cm. The flower has a strong and developed root system, as well as powerful shoots and stems. The surface of branched shoots is covered with unusual Villas.
Sheet plates are painted in a gentle-malachite tint and have a sorthernmost location. Depending on the variety, the leaves can be both complex and simple, solid or carved, long or rounded. The number of leaves on escape can reach 7 pieces. Leaf plates on the top have a small size and solid shape.
Biologists recommend paying attention to varieties in which the bottom side of the sheet is covered with small spikes.
The plant throws very high bloomon, at the ends of which inflorescences in the form of brush are generated from small colors. In the middle of the buds, you can see long stamens that resemble insect tentacles. Color colors are very diverse and consists of the following shades:
The flowering period begins at the beginning of summer and continues until the autumn itself. The distinctive feature of the plant – the presence of a specific aroma, which in a large concentration can cause discomfort. Thanks to this smell, a low concentration of parasites and dangerous insects is observed in the flower growing zone.
After fading the colors in their place, the pillage seed boxes begin to form, the size of which does not exceed 0.5 cm.
Types and varieties
In a natural habitat, you can meet more than 100 types of cells, but in artificial conditions only some of the grades of annuals and perennials are growing, which are widely used in landscape design. Experts recommend paying attention to the following varieties:
- barbed (spinosa);
- Hassleriana (Hassleriana).
The most popular varieties of Kolyomy Kolyachy and their color scheme:
- “Cherry Queen” – purple, purple;
- “Helen Cambel” – snow-white;
- Rosenconigin – peach;
- Pink Queen – pink;
- Rose Queen – light pink;
- “WiLelet Queen” – lilac, dark blue;
- “Matilda” – multicolored;
- “Golden Sparls” – lemon, golden;
- “Giant Pink Cusean” – dark pink;
- “Color Fountain” – multicolored;
- “Sparkle Lavandar” – gentle violet.
Hassler Clearce varieties and their color gamut:
- “Splashes of champagne” – pearl, gentle-lilac;
- Kelly Rose – pink, lilac.
Special attention deserves the Queen series, which includes such varieties as “Cherry Queen”, “Pink Queen”, “White Queen” and Violet Queen.
Cleoma refers to the decorative plants that can be multiplied only with seeds. Assembled or purchased seed material can be soiled directly into the ground or use to obtain seedlings.
In order to grow healthy and strong seedlings, you have to start agrotechnical work at the end of winter. Seed seeds in special landing containers filled with nutrient mixture, or peat tanks. Soil for planting can be used ready or prepare soil mixture at home. For independent preparation of the substrate, it is necessary to mix in equal proportions of humus, turf and river sand. Before the sowing seeds, they must be soaked in a growth accelerator, which will not only increase the percentage of germination, but also protects the plants from various diseases.
The process of planting seeds consists in the uniform distribution on the soil surface, followed by a nutritional mixture with a height of 15 mm. Ready-made containers should be abundantly moistened with a pulverizer and close the entire surface with glass or food fleet.
In order to prevent the planting material from hearing, it is necessary to ventilate containers several times a week and, if necessary, moisturize the soil. In favorable conditions, the first shoots may appear in 2 weeks after sowing.
The content of shoots
After the appearance of the first sprouts, it is necessary to remove the protective shelter and put the containers in the warm and well-lit room. If the sunlight is still little for the full development of sprouts, then experts recommend installing artificial lighting lamps.
For that So that plants can fully develop, it is necessary to carry out their regular irrigation, without waiting for the drying of the upper layer of the soil. After the plants are growing a little, they need to be powered by a weak solution of manganese, which will help to disinfect the soil and protect young plants from viral and fungal diseases. In this period, artificial lighting can be removed and increasing the frequency of irrigation.
In the phase of the appearance of 2-3 real leaves, it is possible to start the process of picking plants into small floral tanks filled with nutrient soil. Replant the sprouts need to be as neat as possible, trying not to damage the root system. 2 weeks after picking flowers, it is necessary to prevent special mineral fertilizers.
Capacity with flowers It is necessary to position as comfortably as possible on well-lit windowsides and regularly rotate them relative to the sun. This event will avoid curvature and drawing seedlings.
How to plant in open ground?
In order for grown seedlings to become well developed, it is necessary to pay special attention to compliance with the rules of its landing in the garden, choosing a place and the sealing sides of her.
Experienced gardeners are advised not to rush to plant seedlings in open ground and wait for a complete pericing of the threat of night frosts. The most favorable time for landing is the end of spring. Two weeks before the start of landing, specialists are recommended to harden plants. In order for seedlings easily tolerated the night decrease in temperature, they needed for 7 days daily to carry out an open air and leave there for 40-50 minutes.
If it is not possible to grow seedlings, you can sink seeds directly into the ground. This event can be carried out as in spring and under the winter.
Spring seeds should be carried out in the period when the soil warms up to a depth of 6 cm. Optimal time for these works – the end of April or the beginning of May. Autumn landing must be held no earlier than the middle of November. Planting seeds under the winter is a less troublesome event because it is not necessary to carry out additional stratification.
Seeding seeds in open soil must be carried out in a groove depth of 15 mm. The optimal distance between the row is 35 cm. The care procedure consists of a set of classical events similar to the cultivation of seedlings. Seeds planted under the winter need to create additional shelter. Dry foliage, sweetheart, wood sawdust and chopped bark of trees can be used as a concealed material. Such a shelter will create the most favorable microclimate and warn the extinction of seed material.
Choosing a place
Cleoma refers to Sun-Sulad plants that need to be planted on well-lit areas. Flower does not like windy places, so flower must be protected from cold air flows. Cleom prefers to grow on soils with a high nutrient content having a low or neutral acidity level.
If the soil on the chosen plot is poor, then early in the spring it is necessary to enrich it with mineral and organic fertilizers and spend full pext.
Compliance with landing rules – the key to obtaining beautiful green compositions. For that To get the maximum number of plants adopted, experienced gardeners are recommended to comply with the following landing rules.
- Plant treatment with special preparations to accelerate the growth of the root system.
- Placing seedlings in the landing well. If seedling was planted in peat tanks, then rooted flowers with them.
- Filling the voids of the nutrient mixture with the simultaneous tomb of the soil.
To prevent the formation of thick thickets, which can provoke the appearance of hazardous insects and diseases, it is necessary to plant the cells at a distance of 50 cm from each other.
How to care for?
Cleoma refers to unpretentious plants that need minimal care and attention. Despite this feature, experienced gardeners are recommended to adhere to certain rules.
This flower does not need a large amount of moisture, the excess of which can provoke the rotation of the root system. In frequent watering, only young seedlings need, but the soil near adult plants should be moistened only in the case of a long drought. To prevent the drying of the soil, experts recommend the entire roasting zone to climb.
In order to be near the colors, an earthen crust was formed, experienced flowers are recommended to carry out the soil after each watering. This procedure will provide unhindered oxygen access to roots, which will have a beneficial effect on the overall condition of colors.
To obtain a large number of green mass and colorful inflorescences, the plant needs nutrients. Flowers react positively to regular root feeding for special mineral complexes. Increase the number of buds will help spring spraying with suitable organic drugs.
To restore the vital energy of weak plants, experts are recommended to conduct not only root feeding, but also extractive.
Collection of seeds
Due to the fact that it is possible to obtain new plants only by seeding, specialists recommend paying special attention to the autumn seed collection, which must be carried out after fading the inflorescences. At the end of the autumn on the bushes, seed boxes are beginning to be formed instead of bright colors, the ripening of which is telling the brown shade of their surface. The maximum length of one pod can be 2 cm.
Many beginner gardeners often fail to collect seeds in connection with the uncontrolled and spontaneous opening of the seed box. In order to simplify this process, it is necessary to form small bags of fabric around the pods that will help to collect all seed material.
Seeds used in spring for landing should be sure to pass the stratification process, which provides for the impact on them of low temperatures for several months.
Experienced gardeners recommend assembled seeds to put in a linen bag and fall at the beginning of winter to fall at a small depth. After snowing snow, you can get seeds and boldly plant them on the planned area.
The method of preparing the plant to wintering depends on the cultural growth region. In latitudes with a warm climate, the plant can be grown in one place for several years. To do this, at the end of the autumn it is necessary to cut the upper green mass, and the root system should be covered with nonwoven.
In the regions with harsh climatic conditions, the Cleom is grown only as an annual flower, which at the end of the autumn you just need to snatch together with the root and put near fruit trees. The specific fragrance of the flower will help scare away from the trees of dangerous pests. The liberated area must be able to clean from weeds and thoroughly switch.
Diseases and pests
Due to the fact that the plant issues a specific aroma, it is practically not affected by parasites and fungal diseases. Only weakened flowers can become an object of invasion of insects. Reducing the immunity of the plant can non-compliance with the rules of care, placement of flower beds in wetlands, irregular introduction of mineral fertilizers, as well as other negative factors.
The most dangerous insects for the Clearma is the word, whose colony can not only spoil the appearance of the plant, but also lead to his death. Detect the parasites data will help the following external signs on the leaves:
- sticky film on the surface;
- Small punctures;
- Yellow spots;
- swirling edges.
A negative feature is also wilting and focusing buds and inflorescences, as well as the complete absence of new flower scones.
In order to get rid of the pest data, you can treat green areas with special chemicals, but The following environmentally friendly folk remedies are equally effective:
- a solution of economic soap;
- Garlic and pepper infusion.
In order to get rid of dangerous pests, it is necessary to attract to the site of such insects as the Ladybug and Zlatagpress.
In areas with high humidity, the plants often suffer from root rot, about the appearance of which the following signs say:
- withering stems;
- drying leaf plates;
- the appearance of brown and black spots;
- slowing down the growth process.
With a massive damage of plants, this disease will not be able to save the bushes, experts recommend them just snatch and burn them. Beginning disease can be stopped with special chemicals that need all plantations.
Usage in landscape design
Cleoma is a very beautiful plant that can be both an independent object and part of a large green composition. Flower can often be seen in many projects of landscape designers due to its unique combination with plants such as fragrant peas, lavater, lily, velvets and many other blooming annuals.
Due to the fact that the height of the plant can reach 1.5 meters, many gardeners use it to create live ingreders, as well as for the inner zoning of the site near the house. Live fence will not only delight juicy greens, but also decorate the territory of beautiful flowers since the end of spring and until late autumn.
On one flower bed, you can grow asters, tulips, enotera, zinnia, nemensia, shopping, Ageratum, Portulak, Ear and Nevophile. Speeciously looks at the composition with Echinacea, Forest Salfe, Liatris and Verbena. Flower is also combined with all kinds of conifers and hosts.
For the cultivation and care of the Clear, see the following video.