Chrysanthemum Somnogolovaya: Description, varieties and recommendations for cultivation

In the East – in China, Korea, Japan – Chrysanthemum enjoys great popularity. In Japan, the flower image was placed on the imperial seal and was considered the emblem of the ruling dynasty. In modern Japan, Yellow Chrysanthemum is the official symbol of the country. Chrysanthemum flowers – the first fall messengers as well as blooming cherries – Spring.

It is from the east of these wonderful plants. One-liter chrysanthemum does not like the bush species at all.

Peculiarities

For one-headed chrysanthemum, a large single flower blossomed on stem. In the height of the elastic and thick stem grows from 50 cm to the meter. Lush petals can be needle, rounded or even twit, forming a bulk ball or half a ball. It is called professional florists with hat. Over color, size and number of petals from different varieties of caps differ. The size of the colors in diameter varies from 10 to 25 cm.

Chrysanthemums – perennial plants, they are grown in garden sites, in the greenhouses, in the city clubs and in containers. Hypermarkets and floral boutiques offer a wide range of terry colors in small pots. Grow such plants at home or planted in open ground.

Chrysanthemum hardy and cold-resistant autumn flowers. For spectacular blossom Place for planting Choose well lit so that the plant get enough sunlight.

Large single chrysanthemums are perfect for creating bouquets – For aesthetic appearance and long storage After cutting, flowers are popular with Florists and Orange owners. Plants are conveniently transported, they are stored for a long time in the cold without moisture, and in water – more than 20 days.

Sort

There are descriptions of more than 200 species of one-head chrysanthemums of different shapes and shades. Separate varieties are grown for cutting, but very many are removed for planting in the garden or at the preservation site.

“Magnum New”

Snow-white grade is a success in flowerflowers, florists and flowers lovers. It has the rapid growth and the ambiguity of the first buds. Flowers are huge, spherical, terry, up to 20 cm in diameter, with a gentle-greenish core. Stems strong and thick, the leaves are large, but the plant itself is small. It is considered the average view.

Suitable for cultivation on the flowerbed, in the container and for bouquets. The flower moves well to transport and retains freshness supplied to the water, does not fade for a month.

“Alenka”

Single flowers of light pink tones, but other colors, such as cappuccino or lemon shades, are also known. Up to 70 cm high, has a strong stem with thick leaves. Used in landscape design for decorating palisaders in combination with low decorative deciduous plants. In containers are grown on the balcony, a veranda or terrace. Suitable for creating bouquets, especially in the cold season, as the flowers are perfectly tolerated cold.

“Kseniya”

Amazing gently pink shades of large with wide petals of chrysanthemum. Petals are long on the edges and smaller to the middle, slightly concave. Flower of hemispheric shape with a diameter of 13-15 cm. A dense stalk up to 90 cm high is abundantly covered with large soft-dilated leaves.

“Peter”

Yellow color color, compact species. The height of the bus reaches about 80 cm. Strong stems crowned reminiscent of small sun buds up to 16 cm in diameter. The plant is suitable for cultivation on the flower bed and creating flower compositions. When transporting it is not crushed, it is perfectly preserved in a cut form, and during the first three days continues to grow even in the refrigerator.

“Gagarin”

This is a completely new grade, first was shown at the international exhibition of colors in 2014. The name received in honor of the first person who visited space.

It is considered an early variety at the beginning of the appearance of buds. Large colors of a spherical shape with twisted middle reach 24 cm in diameter. After cutting, it keeps freshness for a month, perfectly transfers transportation.

“Summary Dark”

Flowers hemispherical dark pink color with oval concave petals smaller in the core. Height bush up to 70 cm, dark green glossy large leaves. Retains freshness long time after cutting and perfectly transfers transportation.

“Momoko”

From the Japanese language “Momoko” translates as “peach”, and denotes the female name. Chrysanthma is distinguished by gentle pink perfectly round flowers. Coloring can be completely bright and darker shades. Oblong petals, slightly rolled and tightly pressed, hide the core, brighter in color. Dense green glossy leaves on compact bushes that reach 80 cm high.

“Etrusko”

Pork grade with flowers of gentle-lilac shades of hemispherical shape. Small and very narrow petals firmly adjacent one to another in a golden core. The diameter of the blossomed bud from 12 to 15 cm, the bloom lasts from the beginning of September to snow falling. Strong stem with small leaves reaches a height of 80 cm. Well preserved after cutting.

Landing

Grow chrysanthmore independently. It is better to give preference to varieties blooming from mid-summer to October, with early blossoms.

For landing use cuttings or young bushes. The plant should look healthy, with strong shoots and green, not dry and not yellow, leaves. Seeds, hybrid forms do not multiply, as the features of adult chrysanthemums are not inherited. If high quality varietal bush is required, it is purchased in a special nursery.

Chrysanthemums recommend landing in spring. The land should warm up to + 12 ° C in a depth of 15 cm. In Central Russia and Siberia, landing time can be postponed until the first decade of June, depending on weather conditions. In the southern regions, landing falls on the beginning of April, after the end of frosts. It is better to choose a cloudy and cool day.

For autumn landing, the second half of September will suit, for the southern regions – the beginning or mid-October, while the air temperature keeps from + 10 ° C to + 15 ° C. Under adverse conditions in the autumn period, the cuttings are planted into the container. After rooting – sprouts should appear – the container is placed in a cool dark place. In the spring such a plant can be placed on the balcony or land in an open ground.

Chrysanthemums love solar and good warm areas protected from wind. Halftime for them does not fit.

Soil for planting Choose fertile, saturated with organic substances. Peat, humus, overwhelmed compost is used for mulching. Plants prefer neutral soils, grow well on weakly acid. Supal – the most suitable option for chrysanthemum, but also on loamy soil the bushes grow and bloom.

The main danger is stagnation of water in the soil, then the roots of the plant begin to rot. Therefore, large river sand is added to the soil for chrysanthemum. Can be equipped with a special drainage system, or make a bed, raised above the general level of land with boards – the so-called body structures.

In one place of chrysanthemums grow about 5 years, then gradually fill all the free space, the flowers are minced or disappeared at all. The soil remaining after them, for the cultivation of new colors of this species will not fit – there is a break for about three years.

To prepare a place for landing chrysanthemums, you need to make a number of events.

Autumn:

  • Pumping the ground to a depth of 20 cm;
  • make feeding (superphosphate 50 g and potash salt 30 g per 1 m2);
  • lower the acidity of soil with chalk or wood ash if necessary.

In winter, flowerbed closes foliage.

In the spring, they are drunk together with foliage, make humus, you can in the wells for seedlings.

Between bushes make a distance:

  • For low-speed species – about 30 cm;
  • for the average – 40 cm;
  • For high varieties – up to 50 cm.

Cuttings for spring landing are prepared in January-February. Cut shoots are planted into a prepared substrate and necessarily pinch. This is done to stimulate the growth of the root system. Rooted rooted cuttings in spring without pinching.

Bushes in containers 3-4 hours before disembarkation watered very carefully so that the earthen one could be removed from the tank. For each plant, a hole is digged by a depth of 20 cm – for low grades, up to 40 cm – for high. The dimensions of the seedling and its root system affect the depth. The base of the bush is placed at the same level, on which it was before the transplant. The neck of the root can not deepen more than 2 cm.

After planting chrysanthemums:

  • the soil is watered and compacted;
  • sprinkled with a layer of humus;
  • Cover for 3-4 days film.

How to care for?

One-headed chrysanthemums require the following stages of care:

  • watering;
  • loose;
  • feeding;
  • border;
  • Pinzing.

Regular and abundant irrigation is required by chrysanthemums over the period of growth, the formation of buds and flowering. Then watering is done as the soil drying.

Soil around the bushes after irrigation looser, remove weeds and mulched peat or overworked manure.

For the growth of the bush and root system fed by nitrogen fertilizers. They are brought 2-3 weeks after landing. For the formation of buds and lush flowering, phosphorus-potash feeders are used 2 times a month. In addition, feed with a cow or chicken litter in weak solutions.

Feed the bushes in the morning after the rain or abundant irrigation, trying not to get on the leaves. Fertilizers contribute:

  • Before staining buds,
  • After the end of flowering.

Flowers advise during the appearance of buds do not make feeding and not even water. It is considered – this contributes to a more abundant flowering.

Take bushes at a height of 18-20 cm. Between plants in the ground, we set the rings at the top, and the adjacent bushes are tied up. So the stem will be able to form directly and will not fall.

Strong and thick stem in one-headed chrysanthemum is formed by pinching. Remove steps that growing on the parties from the central escape from the sinuses of the leaves until the stem was wondered. And also cut off or pinch the side buds. Do it need the whole season.

From the buds choose one – the strongest, it becomes one large and spectacular flower. Give to bloom all the bud at the same time – it means, instead of one large flower 5-6 smaller will dissolve. To create a decorative single-liter chrysanthemum make pinzing buds.

The very first bud is customary, as it becomes a large load for the rapid bush, slows down the growth and development of the plant. And bud, and inflorescence from it are small.

Large flowers are formed from the second or third bud. At the same time, only one leave, after selecting the bud, cuts all the appearing side shoots and buds. Also remove the yellowed and dry leaves.

Sutting a chrysanthemus for a bouquet to prevent squeezing, it is necessary:

  • Do not pour water in a vase to the top, the stem is immersed by 10-15 cm;
  • From the bottom remove all the leaves;
  • Cropped with stem form or cruciform;
  • Water change in 2 days, it should stand for about 12 hours;
  • Do not put a bouquet for a sunny place, half-length and coolness is recommended.

To the water for better conservation of colors add to 1 liter – 1 hour. L. Sugar or pinch salt, aspirin – on 3 liters of half.

If cut flowers plan to transport, then the bouquet put in cool water with the addition of ice for a couple of hours.

After the end of flowering, the plant on the flower bed is cut into approximately one third and feed organic fertilizers. For successful wintering, the bush is plunged, covered with a sweetheart, and on top – polyethylene or tarralet. Spring shelter remove.

Unstable to frost varieties for the winter are digging and stored in drawers with wet ground in a cool room at 0 ° C. If shoots appear on the bushes, they are cut off. Spring planted in open ground.

Examples in landscape design

Autumn flower beds with chrysanthemums will delight the eyes before the winter. Selecting the garden flowers, take into account the height, color and time of flowering varieties. Landscape designers advise organically combine plants in shape and colors.

One-headed chrysanthemums are perfectly combined with flower and decorative plants. Chrysanthemums are spectacular in monoposodes.

More details about the chrysanthemum of one-headed can be found from the video below.

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