The owners of land plots pretty willingly use mechanized assistants to cultivate the Earth and when harvesting. A few years ago, potatoes were collected only by hand, special devices were met only in large agricultural state corporations. Nowadays, potatoes are also available to the very small farmer.
As soon as the spring sowing, as well as work on the epipment of the Earth and the application of fertilizers, begins no less troubletectic period of integrated crops. But with the onset of autumn, the life of the farmer does not make it easier – after all, in front of him there is a difficult task of harvesting. Especially a lot of effort and time spent on cleaning potatoes.
Of course, it is possible to dig root and manually, but it is rather difficult to cope with it, in most cases you have to attract assistants whose services should be paid. If the potatoes are grown for sale, such an article of expenditures may seriously cut off the profit, and then there is no longer a long effort on the cultivation of root.
In addition, handmade takes a long period, which is extremely undesirable. It is in this case that A potatoker can be optimal output, this device was invented for quite a long time.
Thanks to such a device, the rate of harvest and labor costs are significantly reduced, and effectiveness, on the contrary, increases.
How does it work?
Special formwork for a motoblock intended for collecting potatoes, you can buy ready-made in the store, but many masters prefer to make it with their own hands. This device is attributed to attachments, which is attached directly to the machine using a special coupling. The design lifts a layer of land and digs roots, which can then be collected manually from the ground. In comparison with manual digging of potatoes, this method saves quite a long time. The average productivity of the digger is 0.1-0.02 hectares per hour, this parameter is at times exceeds the promotional indicator for manual assembly.
The potato fleet can be used for all other root plates – carrots, as well as beets, turnips, radish and bow. Nevertheless, before you buy this desired mechanism, try to make sure that you can hook it on your motoblock or cultivator. It must be taken into account and the power characteristics of this motoblock, as well as the features of the soil in which cultures are grown.
Keep in mind that the spell is quite expensive, so when choosing a model it is worth noting all the listed parameters, otherwise you risks simply spend money wasted.
Depending on the structural features, digging of drum type, fan, rotary, mechanisms with a cardan drive, with a power take-off shaft and reducer.
According to the principle of work, the potatoes of three types are separated:
Scaffed or vibration
The copper of the vibration type is considered the most effective in comparison with all other types of equipment. It consists of a special lattice table, as well as drives and lemis. The principle of operation is pretty simple: one of the main elements of the potatoes – Lephah, deepened in the ground and together with potatoes picks up the upper layers of the Earth, which are shifted on the table grid. After that, under the influence of a minor vibration, the excess earth begins to peel down and “leave” through the slots back to the ground, and the rooted roots themselves fall out from the reverse side of the aggregate.
Such a system allows you to collect up to 98% of all tubers from the Earth. Kosher knives are plugged into the ground by 21-25 cm and capture the soil layer 35-40 cm wide, thanks to this mechanism you can simultaneously treat a rather significant landing area. The model of a gross type successfully copes even with heavy soils, after pumping absolutely all the tubers remain lying on the ground, so the farmer does not have to dig in the earthen communities and look for the remaining tubers there.
When using vibration potatoes, almost all tubers turn out to be digsulated and at the same time.
However, no minuses did not cost. The cost of such a copal is very high, in addition, it is not beneficial to use in small areas, since the cost of its purchase and fuel consumption is simply not accumulated. Also, vibration is often transmitted from the mower on the motor-block, and from there on the operator, which can cause a certain discomfort from the operator.
Simple or firmly
The simplest option of potatoes is considered universal fitted. It is a mechanism visually resembling a shovel to which rods are attached. At the expense of a pointed edge, the device pumped the ground in the aisle, and the potatoes falls on the device’s cloves. After that, the entire unnecessary soil crepts, and potatoes are thrown out on the surface of the sowing ground.
This scheme has many advantages:
- The device is universally, therefore can be mounted to the most different modifications of motoblocks;
- Cheat can be used even with low power motor boards;
- In the modern market there are several types of universal devices, which allows the farmer to select the optimal option based on the structure and humidity of the soil, as well as the depth of the placement of potatoes;
- Increased speed and productivity of the unit, connecting such a copal to the motoblock, it can even be included on the second or third gear;
- The universal modification is relatively inexpensive and therefore most of the Russian summer residents and owners of the household farms are available.
The universal model has its drawbacks:
- The copper is opened into the ground no more than 15 cm, and its width does not exceed 20 cm;
- After harvesting in the ground, at least 15-20% of all potatoes remain;
- Sharp edges of the shovel often cut tubers during their digging, however, with a manual assembly method, this figure is much higher;
- Vintage can be collected only by rows – before proceeding to digging potatoes, be sure to speed up the previous row.
Potatoker, designed for heavy tight motor-blocks. The only drawback of such equipment is a very high cost. The assembly with a ribbon mechanism resembles a vibration variety of devices, however, instead of a special table here – a moving tape. During the operation of the tuber unit, they move on it and pass to complete the remnants of the Earth. Such a model is optimal for large farms that grown a large number of root crops with a commercial purpose. Vintage such a copal can be collected pretty quickly, and even on a large sown area.
Please note that before running the harvest system, you should check the site for thickened weeding herbs, t. To. if they do not get rid of them, they can wound on the mechanism.
Modern industry produces several types of potatoes. Consider the most efficient and reliable experts.
This is a vibration model that is optimal for processing sections with lightweight soils and humidity not exceeding 27%. In addition to potatoes, such an aggregate can collect other roots, such as carrots, beets, onions and others. The mass of the device is 40 kg, the width of the coverage of the Earth is 37 cm and the depth of plowing – 20 cm. The model is characterized by a high productivity – 0.2 ha / h, as a rule, the device is implemented complete with a sinky grille, as well as a lemche. It is designed to work with Magat’s motoblocks, MTZ, “Cascade”, “Neva”, “Favorit”, as well as “Salute”.
This is a richly attached agricultural equipment that can interact absolutely with different types of motor-blocks of domestic, Ukrainian and Chinese production. Most often it is used together with the aggregates of the brands “Zarya”, “Salute”, “Agat” and “Neva”. The mechanism can work on solid and complex soils – for this it is equipped with special cutters, which create more tangible vibrations of the lattice, smutching land. The mass of KVM 3 – 39 kg, the speed of work is 1-2 km / h. Capture parameters are: width – 37 cm, and the depth – 20 cm. Productivity – 0.1-0.2 ha / h.
This is another representative of a vibration type device that is optimated for the processing of small land plots, the area of which is no more than 2 hectares, the mass of the equipment is 35 kg, the performance parameters correspond to 0.2 hectares / hour, and the speed of operation – about 2-3 km / h. With the help of such potatoes, you can up to 39 cm wide at a depth of 18 cm.
Included with a modification there is a pin, as well as a belt, thanks to which the system is securely attached to the production of “Zarya” production, “MTZ”, “Agat” and many other domestic installations. This attachment is perfectly coping with harvesting on medium-heavy lands with humidity up to 30%. Due to the option of adjusting the wheel parameters, you can change the depth of the grip of the Earth during cleaning.
The width of the capture of such an aggregate corresponds to 45 cm, the mass of the device – 47 kg. The model adjusts the depth of the capture of the Earth with the help of support wheels. Possible function of adjusting the speed of the conveyor, which is carried out through the rotation of the motor-block engine. The model is optimal for heavy motoblocks, for example, such as “bison” or “Centaur”.
The only drawback is a fairly expensive unit.
This is a model of single-row potatoes that allow us to collect harvest of roots without tuber damage. Typically, the mechanism is used to work in small areas. Thanks to the operation of the device, tubers are quickly separated from the soil, and none remains missing. The main advantage of such models is the availability of spare parts that can be bought in any hypermarket of garden equipment. The device works on any kind of soil. Fastening the wheels with a bracket is at the base of the device, which allows you to configure the depth of plowing.
To date, in Russian stores you can purchase a wide variety of products, the cost that starts from 6 thousand, and a wide range of the equipment is presented on sale for its particular technical and operational parameters of the equipment, so everyone may choose a model based on the intensity of loading, sizing and sizing and Soil type.
How to install and configure?
To attach the potatoes to the motoblock, use the coupling, which includes the front part – it is fixed to the tractor, the attack tilt device, as well as the fastener bracket. The hitch is divided into two elements. The right remains on the digger, and the second is fixed to the tractor, both parts are connected by special bolts. To adjust the mechanism, use a long central screw. From how you configure it, the depth of the Earth’s jump will depend on the operation of the device.
It should be twisted with the key and select the optimal position, then fasten the drive belt and skip exactly over the tensioning roller.
After starting the engine, the potatoes immediately starts working, however, it often happens that the mood begins to enter the ground at an incorrect angle, the reason is improperly adjusting the mechanism. If you do not fix the situation, then the motoblock will start slipping either the belt simply slides from the pulleys. As a result, the mechanism conveyor will begin to be clogged, and it will be impossible to continue work.
In this case, the settings should be adjusted, for this carefully rotate the angle of an angle of attack so as to reduce it. In addition, on the trailed node you need to choose the optimal position on the holes, thanks to such actions, you can set the desired depth of immersion to the ground. To the copper interact correctly with the motor-block, you should adjust all the available bolts on the housing unit, In this case, the aggregates will be located on the same axis, and the device itself will and smoothly move over the surface and will not begin to delve into the soil too much.
Many craftsmen prefer to make potatoes with their own hands – Such equipment is much cheaper, and it works quite efficiently. Having the most minimal skills of working with metal objects, as well as schemas and drawings, the digger can be built literally in a few hours. The manufacture of the mechanism usually begins with the manufacture of a welded frame, for this you need a square tube from the metal, it is cut into 4 segments of the selected length, the rectangle is welded, then the jumper is made from the residues.
In the next step, it is necessary to make vertical racks, usually cut them from metal squares, and then welded to the steel frame, the racks are fixed with an iron rods, usually their diameter is 0.5 cm. The cutting part of the device, which will be responsible directly for cutting the Earth, are made of a steel sheet with a thickness of 5 mm or from an old circulation saw, in both cases such a potato spell will work very well. The sharpening must necessarily be rounded, due to which it will not be able to deepen in the ground too much and minimizes the likelihood of damage to the tubers themselves.
The homemade design, as a rule, is complemented by rolling wheels, usually borrow them from the old garden trolley, it is best to pay attention to the devices with wide tires – they will make moving in beds easier. Optimally, if the wheels are equipped with the axis to which the racks with selected holes will be attached. If you do not have suitable wheels, you can use metal.
This will make the design heavier, but the work of the unit on solid soils will be more efficient.
If you are going to work with wet soils, it will correctly give preference to rubber wheels, but with a tractor protector. Keep in mind that ordinary rubber wheels in wet earth will move much worse. All elements cling to each other with contact welding, as well as using traditional fasteners – nuts and bolts. The first option is more practical and durable, but models made according to the second principle can be disassembled and collected back if necessary. Collect the coplock is easy, while the cost of the finished product will be minimal.
How to configure and adjust the potatoes with a motoblock, look in the video below.