Ordinary carnation is known since antiquity. In those distant times, flowers were used in cooking. After all, the carnation was the most affordable seasoning, which gave dishes a unique taste and aroma. Epochs changed, Eastern spices have become available to Europeans, and carnations began to perform a decorative function. New varieties were withdrawn, one of which is a clove shabo with sloping petals, thin aroma and long blossom.
Carnation Sababi was removed in the XIX century a pharmacist Shabo from Toulon. The Frenchman crossed two hardy species, having received herbal hybrid perennial. The flower immediately fell in love with gardeners and landscape designers. To this day, cloves shabo decorate balconies and flowerbeds, arbors and terraces. She decreases Rabatki – rectangular flower beds in the form of narrow bands going along the roots of the garden, fences or fences.
Sablo cloves planted in mixlers – complex flower beds in which plants are planted in several tiers and bloom from early spring and until mid-November. Europeans include cloves Shabo to garden species. In Russia, he is considered a separate representative of the family of cloves. Experts recognize that both points of view have a place, because the beauty of the plant does not affect.
The plant is actively used in the decor due to a variety of color scheme, which includes both delicate pastel colors and bright saturated shades. In addition to the usual pink and red carnations, there are yellow, purple, beige and white.
Such a variety allows you to create not only different patterns, but also bulk compositions or thematic images.
It is worth introducing “anatomy” of this interesting plant. For example, the nutrients it receives from the lower layers of the soil, due to the long root (it lies at a depth of 10-20 cm). From the root there are long strong stems (approximately 30-70 cm), on which buds are blooming. The diameter of the latter is 6-8 cm. Carnation Shaboz flowers from the top of the summer and to the most frosts, and the seeds are formed after a half or two months after the start of flowering. The germination of seeds is preserved for three years.
In hot weather, the flower saves drought with thin linear leafs of the Green-Green Color, assembled at the base of the bush. Thanks to them, the soil is in the shade, which reliably protects it from drying. Exquisite aroma of cloves Shabo Nobody leaves indifferent. It is not by chance that the petals get a second life after flowering: from dried petals make fragrant sachets, which are used as a natural flavoring agent. In some cases, it is allowed to use the originally decorated cloves of Sasha as an organic interior addition.
This perennial plant is grown for both the garden and bakery compositions. High varieties go to the design of bouquets, and low-spirited flower beds, flower beds and alpine slides. Low types of carnations Shabo are grown in pots and vases, landscaping them terraces and gazebo, loggias and balconies. It is worth a closer look at her popular varieties.
- The height of the bushes of most types is 30-50 cm, the diameter of the flowers – up to 8 cm. These characteristics correspond to the frost-resistant “Watercolor” with gentle pink, white, red and motley flowers. She decorates Rabata and flowerbeds, it can be grown as a room plant.
- Gustomahmer Golden-Yellow “Champagne” Differs great unpretentiousness and good immunity. She grow rapidly, it’s easy for her – it’s not by chance that it simply adore novice gardeners.
- Flowers “Giant terry carnation” please the eyes from August to October. She is decorated with live hedges and borders.
- Yellow or Purple Flowers “LION” Great to the regions with a non-quit climate.
- “Pink Queen” With her bright pink flowers will be decorated with any flower arrangement. Moreover, it can be like an original decorated flower bed and a rone supplied to a garden flower garden.
- Large inflorescence “Disco” suitable for a bouquet. This twiser blooms from July to late autumn. However, experienced gardeners know how to extend pleasure. They dig a plant from the ground, transplanted into the vase, put in a cool room and it blooms to the new year.
- Semi-meter “MONBLAN” produces up to twenty buds, the diameter of which is 6 cm. Magnificent white inflorescences resemble a boiling white snow sparkling on a mountain peas.
- Incredibly fragrant inflorescences are different Sickness Tale “. Large terry flowers of this variety most often have a double color: white with raspberry, yellow with pink. The diameter of flowers is 6-7 cm, all the colors are collected in lush inflorescences.
Such splendor – eyes run out. but Beginner gardeners should pay attention to the most unpretentious plants. As such, in addition to the “Champagne”, Watercolors and Montblan include “Legenen D” Ong “with flowers of dark cherry blossom,” Marie Shabo “with a saturated bright yellow tint. “Zhirofla” pleases the eye with the original purple, “Mikado” – Lilov, “Fiery King” – orange tint. “La-France” is characterized by candy-pink sockets, “Nero” – black and red, and the crimson “ruby” – saturated red flowers.
Novice flowers will be useful to know about the peculiarities of the care of cloves Shabo. At home, it must be kept in a cool and brightly lit windowsill. In a stuffy urban apartment, creating such conditions is not easy. And if the flower stands on the window, leaving the north side, he will suffer from lack of light. In order not to torment the plant, it is better to immediately land it in an outdoor ground to the most illuminated area. Not by chance it is called Sadovaya.
Carnation – Stretching plant, but to get luxurious bloom, have to try. In hot weather, the soil should be watered regularly, but without fanaticism. If cool weather has been installed with frequent rains, watering reduces or stop. Soil should be periodically loose and mulched (covering natural organic materials like straw or hay), make feeding.
Carnation is fed two weeks after disembarking into open soil with nitrogen fertilizers and several times during the bootonization period – mineral.
High grades need to be tied up or put plastic support. Buds that beat away, you need to delete. With the onset of frosts, blooming bushes need to dig out of the soil, transplant to the vases and carry on a cool loggia or a balcony. Then the flowering period will last until the New Year holidays.
After the transplantation in the pot, the carnation should be trimmed by a third and adjust the watering mode. First, it is watered often, but gradually, then the amount of irrigation is reduced, and the plant is placed in a cold room. From about the middle of February, the carnation must be returned to heat and abundantly. In order for the spring of the carnation to please the stormy blossom and growth, it is necessary to make feeding for flowering plants. Part of the shoots are cut off for shilling, dried down – remove.
How to plant?
Carnation Shabo traditionally grown from seeds. Even before the new year, the flowers begin to prepare everything necessary, and after the New Year holidays, they start landing seeds. The preparation of the soil, landing and care of the seedlings – troublesome, but not difficult, with which even a novice gardener will cope with. You only need to follow the instructions and not retreat from the rules.
Preparation and sowing
At this stage you need to pick up a suitable soil. The loose substrate with neutral acidity is suitable, which absorbs well and keeps moisture for a long time. Such soil can be purchased in any flower shop. The soil mixture can be made independently of two parts of the turf, peat and humus and one part of coarse-grained sand.
The height of the landing containers should not exceed 5 cm. Any containers, banks, plates, glasses and boxes are suitable. To prevent the appearance of pests, the containers should be rinsed with a weak solution. Immediately before planting seeds on the bottom of the selected containers, the drainage layer is placed, and the ground – moisturizes. The seeds of the cloves lay on top of the soil in a step of 2 cm from each other, and then sprinkled with a thin layer of the crystal sand (prophylaxis from the black leg).
After that, each container is closed with a film or a transparent lid.
The substrate must be moisturized only as drying. Watering is carried out in the morning from the spray. Condensate should be deleted so that the rot does not appear. If everything is done correctly, after 10-12 days the first shoots appear. To protect them from bacteria, the soil should be poured with rotten coal. Young leaves are formed within a month. To seed out a strong healthy plant, it is boosted, opening the film or cover.
On the first day, the hardening time will be 10 minutes, on the second – 15, on the third – 20 and so on. The protective film is removed when the plant remains open 60 minutes. The most complex in the cultivation of plants from seeds is to ensure good conditions for their development. For example, in the room should not be hot (from the strength of 10-15 degrees). Room or balcony must be well ventilated. If cloudy weather is standing on the street, it is necessary to provide plants with artificial illumination.
As they grow, shoots need to thin. The first picking is carried out after the formation of a pair of real leaves, when seedlings are seated in separate containers to a depth of 2 cm. Secondly spend in the third decade of March, when the seedlings have formed four pairs of full leaves. Young plants transplant in pots of diameters from 10 cm. The landing depth remains the same – 2 cm.
When another pair of leaves appear, seedlings pinch – it is necessary for the formation of lush and compact bushes. When the street is warm up to 10-12 degrees, the plants in the pots should be taken to the loggia or on the balcony and temper there within two hours. Such hardening contributes to better growth and lush flowering carnations. And still hardened plants are almost not susceptible to diseases and do not suffer from weather popsicles.
Place for the future flower garden should be prepared in advance. Ideally – Even with the last fall, the land must be repaired with a mixture of 20 kg of overworked manure and 50 g of superphosphate. When snow comes down, a mixture of 25 g of potassium sulphate and 15 g of ammonium nitrate should be added (the number of fertilizers is indicated at the rate of 1 kV. m). Carnation Shabo grows well on loyal loam. But if there is an acidic and dense soil on the site, peat and dolomite flour should be added to it.
The young carnation should be planted on the plot only in the second decade of May, when the earth warms well. Each plant should be moved along with an earthen room. Distance when landing between seedlings – up to half a meter, do not take root cake. Per 1 sq. m should have no more than 16 plants.
So that the perennial does not froze, it is covered with Loutrasil – nonwoven, fibrous material, which is equally well passed and air, and water.
How to care for?
Carnation Shabo – a hardy perennial, but it is not easy to grow, because, like any plant, it requires attention and care. Only with proper care it will delight lush and long blossom. therefore Newcomers should be familiar with the step-by-step instruction in which the rules for care for this beauty are painted.
Watering should be abundant and systematic. If in the yard – arid summer, you can water the carnation twice a week. If rainfall occurs periodically, the amount of irrigation can be reduced to one. And if there is a rainy rainy weather, the plant can not be watering at all. Moisturized soil should be immediately loosen. This will reduce the roots from oxygen starvation, and the plant will grow strong and healthy.
A week after disembarkation in open ground, the plant should be filled with nitric fertilizer (15 g. per 1 sq. m). When the first ovary appears, mineral feeding is made – a mixture of ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate (15 g per 1 kV. m).
To support the flowering and education of new buds, you should make complex mineral fertilizers every three weeks.
Biological supplements are not used. Organic mixtures do not do.
To transplant the plant from the soil in the pot, you should neatly dig it, put together with an earthen room in a pot or vase and take home. Carnation Shabo can also be on a warmed veranda, terrace or loggia. Allowed to leave it on glazed balconies. It is not recommended to put it in the basement – this is a light-affectionate plant may not survive wintering in full darkness. Every two years, the plant transplant to another place, otherwise bloom stops.
Preparation for winter
If it is supposed to leave a plant to wintering in open soil, the gardener will have a number of simple operations. When the carnation is poured, it is necessary to cut the bushes for a third and at the same time remove the shots. Soothes need to gently tilt and pour the soil layer (about 20 cm). From above it is necessary to cover the carnation with a layer of straw or hay 50 cm thick. Such “bedspread” will help the plant to survive winter cold. It is cleaned in the spring after snow comes. And when freezing will be, you can release and shoot yourself. Bushes should carefully examine and remove all damaged sprouts.
Carnation Shabo You can’t call a simple culture for cultivation. But temporary and financial costs will not be in vain: the beauty of the plant, its lush flowers and exquisite fragrance will make forget about all the peripetia.
Yes, and the endurance of the carnation does not occupy, because not every plant arrives in any climatic conditions.
How to multiply?
Adult plants of cloves Shaboly bloom abundantly and form boxes with numerous seeds. However, they are not worth collecting them – the plants grown from seeds can be obtained or more weak, or there will be another color. therefore Shabo cloves should be multiplied by the vegetative method (with the help of shifting).
- Breeding bush should be selected in advance. In the fall, it should be placed in a pot, trim shoots and attribute to the house. The plant must be in a well-lit cool place. An ideal temperature is 10-12 degrees.
- Spring from the maternal plant cut cuttings. Slices are treated with “rhoin”, the bottom leaves are removed.
- The cuttings are planted in pre-calcined and moistened sand. The cuttings are covered with a glass jar or plastic bottle. Every day, the “greenhouse” should be tired, and the sand is moistened as drying.
- About a month later (terms depend on the conditions of care) the roots appear and the bush begins to form.
- When the first sprouts appear, the seedlings are arranged by air baths every day and gradually increase the time. When sprouts get used to normal conditions, a jar or a bottle should be removed.
- Stalks planted in an open ground in early June.
Gardeners argue that this method of breeding has one drawback – the bushes bloom early, but not plentiful. There is another option: crop cuttings in the fall and grow them at home. However, this method is considered the most difficult and practically no one uses it.
Diseases and pests
Carnation Shabo is distinguished by enviable health. And yet it is also subject to a number of diseases. For example, The risk of fungal diseases increases in hot rainy days. In most cases, this alternaria is easy to learn about the characteristic dry spottedness of brown or black on the leaves and shoots. Carnation may suffer from rust, which is easy to determine in light and yellowish-brown spots on the top and inner surface of the leaves. Sick plants should be removed from the flower beds, and healthy – to handle borobo liquid or copper vitrios.
Carnation Shaboz has juicy leaves, which soil, ticks and trips find very attractive. Get rid of non-crushed guests with folk remedies. The solution of the household soap is suitable, tobacco tincture, a mixture of onion husks and garlic. However, these methods are good if on the plant a bit of pests. If a large colony has managed to break, you should use the chemical means of protection – “AcTellica”, “Aktar” or “Carbofos”. After 4-5 days, processing should be repeated.
Since any disease is easier to prevent than treat, it is worth taking care of the prevention of diseases. For example, seeds of carnations should be treated with a weak solution of manganese. Growing plants should be removed by flashing inflorescences and faded leaves. After each watering and after heavy precipitation should be loosened. Finally, it is necessary to regularly examine the plants in order to take care on time. It is not forbidden to regularly spray flowers with a solution of household soap.
It will show beetles that they are not happy about them, and the flowers will delight the owner of the beauty of blossom to deep autumn.
Usage in landscape design
Today it has become fashionable to lame balconies and loggias, create various floral compositions and arrange alpine slides. Beautiful lawn is no longer a luxury, available only to the chosen. Each can create this beauty. Here are examples of flower beds that will be inspired to create their own little versals.
- The most ordinary greenhouse, along which the carnation shabo is planted. Gray Background and Bright Flowers. Nothing extra. The optimal option for a small country area.
- Stunning contrast – coarse stones and gentle flowers. The composition resembles the ruins of an antique castle, overgrown with grass and flowers. Interesting solution for romantic persons.
- Mixboro Carnation Shabo. High Plant, Juicy Colors. Original border and section decoration. Suitable for any area.
- An option for those who do not want to spend time and effort to create flower beds, but wants to plant a beautiful plant: a gentle pink island is distinguished vividly against the background of gray earth. The surrounding greens emphasizes the tenderness of flowers and brightness of the color.
- Carnation Shabo will look good, even if there is no other plants nearby. Tender flowers are organically combined with gray earth. Simple and beautiful.
- You can not even deal with a plants transplant in open ground. Enough to put it in a spacious Vase and put on fresh air.
Excellent solution for the most lazy.
- Bright decoration of any balcony, without clauses and gloves. The choice of those who do not have the opportunity to plant a plant in an open ground outside the city.
FEATURES Carnation Shabo in the next video.