Carnation lush (lat. DIANTHUS Superbus) – a perennial decorative plant with therapeutic properties. Translated from Latin means “divine flower”. This name is not in vain, because this plant has an unusually beautiful and sophisticated form. It is this carnation that can be distinguished from other species. Looks great in the composition of the bouquet. Ideal for decorating stony alpine slides, flower, borders, balconies.
Carnation Lush belongs to the family of cloves. It has upstream at the base of single or numerous stems, cord-shaped, thin creeping rhizome. The flower is a compound of 5 carved petals in one inflorescence of pink, purple or white. Blooms in the first year of life. Size Inflorescences Small – 4-7 cm. Them can be on the stem from 1 to 9 pieces. All of them have a gentle, sweet fragrance. Flowering is read in June and lasts until the end of July. The height of the stem can reach 60 cm. Fruits of plants – oblong boxes with small seeds that ripen closer to September.
From one flower you can collect up to 10 grams of seeds. It is very hardy to drought and frosts. Plant.
In the nature of the carnation prefers fertile, drained soil. Loves the sun and half. Unpretentious, it grows on the meadows, in the mountains, sparse pieces of the forest, the forest-steppe zone. It can be found in Central Europe, in the Far East, Western and Eastern Siberia, in Ukraine.
In some regions of Russia, such as Tambov, Kursk, Lipetsk, Belgorod and Saratovskaya, it is listed in the Red Book. There is a disintegration of untouched steppes, grazing on them livestock, smashing herbs ahead of time, landing of forest plantations in the growth of cloves. Measures are being taken to identify new habitats of the plant, which are subsequently protected. Successful cultivation of the view in 15 Botanical Gardens of Russia can serve material for breeding work.
Growing from seeds
The reproduction of this plant seeds is the most favorable and convenient way. Collected seeds in September usually sow in late February – early March. To do this, it is necessary to easily easily and moisten the soil. Seeds unfold right on open ground. All this is covered with film or vermiculitis. After the week, the first shoots will go up. They need to be protected from cold and drafts. Already in May they reach a certain growth, and they can be disassembled as an independent plant, but the average air temperature must be at least 10 degrees.
The gap between them when disembarking should be about 30 cm.
Growth and content conditions
For good growth and beautiful, bright blooms need to choose solar or slightly shaded place. Landing should be in unlimited place. If it is a pot, then it is necessarily large, with a pallet for outflow of water. The plant does not tolerate moisture. Bad flowering begins if there are sharp temperature differences. To the flower bed from the carnation did not change its pomp, it is necessary to put young seedlings every 2 years.
The fact is that abundant bloom begins on the second year of life. After winter, second-round plants partially die, so it is necessary to sustain the seeds in the warm season to maintain the balance.
Soil and fertilizer watering
Magnificent carnation prefers peat or loaming soil without high acidity. But if you suddenly you have acidic soil, be sure to add a dolomite flour before landing. By this you raise the level of magnesium in the soil. If the soil is fertile, then it will be useful to add peat and sand into it. For feeding use organic and mineral fertilizers once a month, the whole period of flowering.
Carnation is recommended to water 2 times a week, but if it is very hot – you can and more. Be sure to watering should be under the root. Plant does not like moisture on leaves or flowers. Wintering flower is good, tolerates frost to 20 degrees. But the temperature and glaciation drops are better to beware. To do this, it will be useful for the winter to cover the plants in the usual way – to prepare flooring from the leaves or just sprinkle with a small layer of land.
Pests, disease and prevention
Too abundant watering or humidity can provoke pest appearance. The web tick and the word are most common to carnations. You can eliminate them with the help of plant spraying by disinfectants. If yellow or black dots appeared on the shoots, it is not excluded with a rot. When this symptom appears, it is necessary to urgently remove the affected shoots, in order to avoid infection of healthy.
For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to loosen the soil as often as possible and prevent moisture stagnation.
Application in folk medicine carnations lush is very common. All of its parts have numerous healing properties. The decoction made of its flowers is used under the skin rashes, when inflammation of the mucous eye. They are processed by burns. Preparations based on roots of cloves show sweetest and painkillers. Elimination of children’s cramps and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system is possible using plant seeds. Carnation tea takes from cough or choking.
Aromatic essential oils are made of inflorescences. They contain a large amount of honey glands, which contributes to a huge amount of selection of nectar. From one flower can be removed to 44 mg. Roots of plants are rich in vitamins A, B and C. Leaves contain in very large quantities of carotene and ascorbic acid. Fresh juice from the flowers of the plant treats diseases of the liver, the consequences of unsuccessful labor.
In Spain, the carnation flower served as a subject for a mystery date. The lady chose a certain color of the flower, fastened him to her chest. Thus, the color of the flower Kavaler knew the meeting place. In Japan, carnation lush is a symbol of the village of Kawakita and one of the 7 traditional country flowers. The expression “Yamato-Nadesiko” is formed by the yeroglyphs of “Yamato”, which means the “nationalism of Japan”, and “Na Essiko” – “Carnation Lush”. In general, it means the ideal of a Japanese woman in a traditional society.
In general, the carnation is lush – unpretentious and easy to care. Gentle flowers are similar to flocks, they will decorate your garden or windowsill. Ideal for the decoration of alpine slide or balcony. A bouquet of this carnation will be a chic gift. The main thing is to provide the plant necessary care, and it will delight you with your wonderful aroma and abundant blossom.
About the right carnation care look next.