Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Calmy – a decorative shrub, which flower appreciated for a spectacular appearance: a lush plant sleeping with bright colors and gentle greens. Despite this calmye is a poisonous plant – its leaves, flowers, pollen and nectar contain dangerous toxins. However, it does not prevent gardeners to grow it to decorate their sites, and landscape designers often use calmy to create flower.

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Peculiarities

Calmia is an evergreen wood plant of the Mereskov family. It comes from North America. Absolutely all his varieties of poisonous.

Plant Description:

  • Height can be from 50 to 300 cm depending on the type;
  • Leaves from 3 to 15 cm long, an oblong shape with a pointed end, arranged spiral along the stem, the lower part of the sheet – light and rough, the top is bright and smooth;
  • Inflorescences Lush, flowers with a diameter of 1-3 cm, color scheme – from white and pink to red and purple, bloom at the end of May – early June.

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Calmia flowers are pollinated in an unusual way: in the inner part, the stamens still incredible buds rest in special recesses on the petals, and when disclosed, each of them deviates aside, as if the axis of the catapult. If the insect sits on the flower, the stamens of the spring are freed from the grooves in the petals, generously shook his pollen.

By the end of the summer, the flowers are formed by the boxes that fall out in the fall, scattering a large number of seeds into the soil. Thus, the squamine thickets will be every year to become all thicker if they periodically do not cut forward.

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

Types and varieties

In total, in the genus Kalmia about 10 varieties of shrubs. The most popular of them will be listed below, those that can most often meet in the gardens and dachas.

    Calmia Multi-Sweet (“Swamp Lavr”)

    Plant with a height of about 70 cm and a width of approximately 60 cm. Purple-pink flowers, are not growing in inflorescences, but by one. Bloom in the middle of spring. Calmy multi-sized slowly. Stems of young plants purple, as they grow become gray, a solid trunk is formed in the center of the bush. Loves with sour swampy soil.

      Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

      Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

      Calmia narrow-leaved

      Wild shrub reaching 1.5 m in height. Selection varieties are significantly less wild – no more than 50 cm in height. At the end of straight stems blooming lush flowers with a diameter of about 1 cm, forming umbrella inflorescences. Blooms in June, flowering time – one month. Wild plant has pink flowers, and breeding varieties can combine two shades at once.

        Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

        Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

        Calia lying

        Miniature Plant Slimming on Earth. Leaves up to 15 mm long and up to 5 mm width, juicy, with thick skin. Flowers predominantly in the second half of summer, a group of one inflorescence includes no more than 5-6 white or pink flowers.

          Often used by floweries to create an alpine slide or vertical flower.

          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

          “Elf”

          Compact decorative bush height not more than 80 cm. Large flowers make up lush inflorescence. Blooms in the late spring – early summer. Bright Pink Buds. Fruit, flowers become white with pink edging and the same pattern in the center. Differs in frost resistance (withstands cooling to -30ºС).

            Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

            “Kipsaik”

            One of the most beautiful varieties of calmye: one plant includes a group of lush inflorescences, in each of which about 60 colors of the cup-shaped form. Flowers bright purple in the center and pale pink closer to the edges. Blooms at the end of May. Height of one bush from 50 to 160 cm.

              Suitable for growing in the Urals and in Siberia (withstands up to 35ºС frost). Prefers a windless shaded bed.

              Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

              Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

              “Bikon”

              Large shrub height from 1.5 to 3 m with a spreaded crown. Develops slowly: each year its height increases by no more than 3-4 cm. One inflorescence includes a group of about 70 flowers from white and pink to purple color. Flowers from mid-May to mid-June. Prefers loose soil with increased acidity. Resistant to frozen.

                Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                “Jenks doing”

                This is a spreaded bush capable of reaching up to 1 m in height. Inflorescences are lush with double flowers – inside a burgundy ring, and in the edges and in the middle of the petals painted white. The diameter of one flower – up to 3 cm. Blooms at the end of May. Frost-resistant.

                  Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                  Tofka

                  The most modern variety. Like other varieties, develops extremely slowly: the age of no more than 1.5 m can reach the ten-year age. Flowers of a cupid shape with burgundy splashes. Petals with round edges and corrugated texture. Perfectly feels in a half, in a windless place on sour fertile soil.

                  Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                  How to plant?

                  Before boarding, you need to choose a suitable place in the garden – it should be a shaded area, closed from the wind. All kinds of calmye prefer loose and fertile soil with increased acidity. If the soil is heavy, clay, it needs to be mixed with a small number of peat and leaf land. It is also important to create a drainage layer if the garden is located on the lowlands. Calmya badly tolerates waters.

                  The best time for planting a shrub seedling is Spring, about mid-April – beginning of May. The phased process of landing into an open soil looks like this:

                  • It is necessary to dig a pit – its depth must be twice the length of the root;
                  • If necessary, fall asleep on the bottom of the drainage layer, you can use fine pebbles, coarse sand or brick crumb;
                  • In the depleted soil it is necessary to make mineral fertilizer;
                  • Locate the seedling center in the center of the fossa and fall asleep earth;
                  • Earth thoroughly tamper and pour a plant.

                  Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                  Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                  Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                  Recommended after landing to cover the soil of mulch, it will protect it from drying out, will prevent the growth of weeds and improve the general properties. Corn or wood sawdust is suitable as a mulch.

                  For cultivation in the suburbs, almost all kinds of calmye will fit, but in the Urals and in Siberia it is better to grow exclusively calmye narrow, since it is better to stand freezing. In particularly cold regions, the plant may require additional shelter for the winter.

                  Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                  How to care for?

                  Calia’s care is minimal – 3-4 times from the middle of spring until the end of the summer it is recommended to jumble around the soil around the shrub, but it should be extremely careful, since the root system has a surface slicing, and it can be accidentally damaged by a garden tool.

                    Watering

                    Shrub is resistant to drought, but only if it grows in a shaded place. In the context of a long lack of rainy, the plant can be watering a couple of times a month. If heavy rains go at least once every 1-2 weeks, calmya can not watered.

                      An adult bush will need at least 10 liters of water to replenish moisture.

                      Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                      Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                      Podkord

                      Fertilize calmy you need 2-3 times a year, in the period from April to June. In the spring it is better to fertilize calmye urea, diluting it from the calculation of 35 grams per bucket of water (10 l). In the period of active flowering, organic fertilizers should be made to the soil. Closer to autumn can be scattered under the bush of calmye granulated fertilizer. For this, any universal means for feeding decorative garden crops will be suitable.

                        Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                        Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                        Trimming

                        In the spring, the bush needs to be carefully examined and remove damaged or dry branches from it. You can also cut off faded inflorescences after flowering if the plant is intended to collect seeds.

                        No additional trimming of calmye is required, as the bush is without that very slowly grow up.

                        Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                        Methods of breeding

                        Salmon breeding – long and troublesome process. It is preferable to purchase ready-made seedlings, but if you do not have such a possibility, try one of the proposed methods.

                          Seeds

                          If you are going to grow calmye from seeds, patience should be patient, as the plant develops for a very long time. Collect seeds need in the second half of October. Before sowing, they need stratification – the impact of low temperatures in about two months. Sowing Calmia Seeds is carried out in December. Sold them better in the sphagnum peat: mix the seeds with sand and distribute on the surface of the substrate.

                          Cells with sowing should be on the street until March, after which they are transferred to the room and covered with a film. Shoots will appear not earlier than in a month. Speaks need special temperature: day air temperature should not exceed 25-26ºС, and at night – 10-15ºС. In the first year, the sprouts of calmye will be able to achieve a height of not more than 3-4 cm. The first fertilizers should be made only one year after sowing. Transfer to Open Soil is possible in 5-6 years.

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Cherenci

                          For the reproduction of calmye by the method of drawing up, it is necessary to cut off half a weathered branch in an adult plant. Do it better in early June. Before landing in a ground, a stalk must be treated with a stimulant of root formation. It is also necessary to prepare a special substrate for him: mix the soil with sand, peat, compost or deciduous earth. When gluage, the root cerv should stay on the surface. In the open ground, the plant can be planted after 3-4 years.

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Diseases and pests

                          Calmya – hardy plant. It has stability not only to frost and drought, but also to most common diseases of the cultural plants of diseases and pests. However, she has its weaknesses.

                          So, calmya absolutely does not tolerate the too wet, windy and cold weather. This can lead to phytoophluorosis. In this case, the disease will gradually dry and fall leaves, first the bottom, then the upper. Followed by them black and rot the stalks. If you notice the signs of phytoofluorosis on the plant, it is necessary to remove the contaminated leaves and cut the sick stems, and calmye pollinate with a solution of copper-containing drug.

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          With excessive irrigation, the bush may affect fungal disease. In this case, it is necessary to cancel watering until complete recovery, remove damaged parts of the plant, provide sufficient drainage and handle a fungicide bush.

                          More rare disease for calmye – chlorosis. With damage to chlorosis on the leaves of the plant appear yellow spots. In such a situation, it will be necessary to make iron sulfate in the soil.

                          As for pests, they tend to try to bypass a poisonous plant, so insects calmyes are not scary.

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Usage in landscape design

                          Calia is greatly adjacent to teothelubile plants preferring the soil with increased acidity. These can be coniferous plants, as well as rhododendrons, heers, azaleas. Very unusual calmye looks next to the Thuy or Juniper. To create a lush and blooming beds, put it next to the rose.

                          Dwarf varieties are perfect for alpine slides, rocky gardens, mixed flower beds. Often, flower plates are planted by calmy along the tracks or around the perimeter of buildings.

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          Calmy: Description, Landing and Care

                          How to plant calmye, look in the following video.

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