Bush Clematis: varieties, landing, care and reproduction

Elegant bushes Clematis in the period of flowering turn the household territory into a real paradise garden. With the help of these amazing plants, you can transform any corner of the site, reorganize not the most attractive places. What kind of brass clematis varieties are used in landscape design? What nuances are pairing their landing and cultivation? We will tell you about all this in our article.

Description

White Clematis (Other Popular Name – Lomonosos) – unpretentious blooming perennials whose height can vary from 0.5 to 2 meters. Most of the varieties of these plants are pleasing to bloom within a few months – from about the beginning or middle of the summer to deep autumn.

Among the gardeners, bush clematis are particularly popular that amazing unpretentiousness, stamina, frost resistance. These features allow plants to care even in regions with a harsh climate, including the Urals and Siberia.

The shape and size of the leaves, as well as the color of the colors in the bush Clematis depend on the variety. The most common are varieties with starfree or bell-shaped colors.

The palette of colors is quite extensive, including milk-white, lilac, purple, lemon yellow and even burgundy and brown shades.

The root system of these perennial shrubs can be Rod or urine. Painting of the leaves in most varieties juicy green. However, Clematis are found with purple-burgundy leaves.

Experienced flowers share all varieties of bush clematis for 2 large categories:

  • large-flowered;
  • Melkocellum.

The first category includes solidistic clematis, in which flower sizes can reach 10-12 centimeters. Some hybrid plants are capable of reaching 20-25 centimeters. The second category includes clematis with small flowers, whose sizes do not exceed 3-4 centimeters.

Sort

In modern gardens you can find large and small-bedroom, highly and low-grade varieties of plants. Below are the most popular of them.

  • “Heart Memory” – Very common beautiful-waving variety used in landscaping of household territories. This is a relatively high semi-staple, whose height can reach 2 meters. Plants of this variety are characteristic of the intensive formation of a weapon, abundant and long-lasting flowering. Flowers are large (up to 10 centimeters), bell-shaped, lilac-pink color.

  • Bayby Rose – Popular low-grade variety with small but very beautiful flowers. The average height of the compact bush is about 70 centimeters. Special decorativeness plant acquires in the period of his lush flowering. Foods fragrant, small (up to 4 centimeters), gentle pink color, bell-shaped.

  • “Radar of Love” – spectacular and fairly old grade, widespread in landscape design. When strengthening on the support, this shrub is actively growing in different directions, forming numerous shoots up to 3 meters long. Mine flowers (about 3-4 centimeters), sunny yellow, bell-shaped.

  • “Alba” – very elegant average grade. Plant can be grown both in the form of a bush fixed on the support and as a soil industry. The average length of shoots varies from 0.8 to 1 meter. During the flowering period is covered with numerous milk-white bells of small. The duration of flowering can be several months (from the beginning of the summer to autumn).

  • NEW LOVE – Very attractive beautiful Clematis variety varieties. The average height of plants reaches 65 centimeters. In the period of active buildup of the vegetative mass, the Clematis of this variety form compact bushes covered with abundant foliage. Large leaves, embossed, juicy green color. Lavender-lilac flowers with a yellow core, visually resembling hyacinth flowers.

Landing

The dates of landing these beautiful plants should be correlated with climatic features of the terrain. So, In the northern regions to plant bushes Clematis is best in spring. In the south, these plants can be planted both in spring and summer, and in the fall.

Landing of cottons should be carried out on solar or slightly shaded areas. Approximately 6-7 months before seeding, it is recommended to perform a peroxide of the Earth in places where young plants are supposed to place. During the peops, a nutrient mixture is made from the following components (per 1 square meter of the plot area):

  • 10 kg of deciduous humus;
  • 350-400 g of dolomite flour;
  • 100-150 g superphosphate.

The average sizes of landing pits are approximately 50x50x50 centimeters. The distance between the pit should be at least 150 centimeters.

At the bottom of the holes place Drainage layer 6-10 centimeters thick. Each pit is filled with loose and light soil consisting of fertile garden land (2 parts), compost (2 parts) and sand (1 part). Additionally, it is recommended to add complex fertilizer and some wood ash. Pits are not fully fill, focusing on the size and diameter of the roots of seedlings.

Landing is carried out carefully, Holding a plant in a vertical position with fingers. Roots seedlings should be accurately straighten.

Planting Clematis with confused, curved or knocked in a dense lump root can not be rooted.

Placing a seedling in the pit, carefully fall asleep his roots soil from all sides. It is important to note that young plants when landing is recommended to slightly shuffle into the ground, following the surfaces remain at least one kidney. After planting the soil around seedlings generously watered. In the future, watering is carried out every other day, spending on each young plant about 7-10 liters of water.

If perennials are planned to be used for vertical landscaping, then during or after landing near Clematis, it is necessary to place support. If the plants are supposed to be grown as soil industry, they will need to ensure a sufficient amount of free space.

Care

Most varieties of cottage clematis are sufficiently endless and unpretentious plants that do not require specific care. However, that these representatives of the world of decorative flora felt well and magnificently blooms, they should create the most comfortable conditions for existence. That means:

  • Regular watering;
  • Timely feeding;
  • Mulching and soil loosening near the bush.

Watering these beautifully mixing perennials should be carried out regularly. Young plants watered warm water 1 time in 2 days, adult bushes – 1 time in 3-4 days. In the gloomy, cool or rainy summer, the frequency of irrigation is significantly reduced. After watering the land next to the plants mulch.

Timely making feeding – an important condition that depends on the duration and quality of flowering of bush clematis. Experienced flowers are recommended in the first year after landing to feed young plants by organica, which will strengthen the growth of green mass and roots. Mature bushes are usually feeding in the spring – during the period when plants actively form buds. As a spring feeder use complex floral fertilizers.

Feeding demand and already blooming Clematis, spending a lot of strength to form new buds. Such bushes are recommended to periodically feed the organic and mineral fertilizers or special phosphorus-potash complexes.

Mulching and loosening of the soil around the bush – procedures, from the execution of which the root system health depends largely. Mulching allows you to prevent the loss of soil moisture and protect the roots of plants from overheating. Forms usually use sawdust, wood chip, straw. Loosening, in turn, provides normal air exchange in soil, extremely important for Clematis roots.

Special attention deserves Autumn pruning plants. Some varieties of the Clematis bush in it do not need it, because with the arrival of colds, their above-ground part is completely died. The same plants that require the implementation of this procedure are cut into 3 types, almost completely removing the secret of the entire aboveground to the earth. On the surface there are only a few shortened shoots with kidneys.

For the winter, they are insulated with a layer of straw or fabric, on top of which the non-woven underfloor material is placed. In the same way, Clematis insulates, in which only the upper part of the bush die in virtue of the varietal features. In this case, the remains of the stems are flexing to the ground and pinch, after which they insulate.

Reproduction

Usually, the gardeners defect the bush closets with popular vegetative ways, using:

  • cuttings;
  • champions;
  • Dellets (parts of the parent bush).

To the workpiece of cuttings start during the period when the plant begins to prepare for flowering. Cuttings cut from the middle part of the strongest shoots. There should be at least 2 kidneys on each cutlets.

Before sending to a greenhouse for rooting, harvested cuttings are treated with a stimulant of the root formation of about 10 hours. Then they are planted in containers with loose soil and shelter from above the film. In the greenhouses support increased humidity throughout the whole process of rooting (average dates – 2-3 months).

Good results gives rooting of tanks from the parent bush. To this method usually resort in spring or early summer.

To carry out this procedure, it is necessary:

  • Select several strong and well-developed shoots on the parent plant;
  • put shoots into grooves, pre-equipped in the ground;
  • Skip shoots, leaving only the top and leaves on the surface.

Land in places where buns are covered regularly moisturize. Young bushes usually appear in the spring or autumn of next year. They are carefully separated from the parent plant and produce a transfer to a permanent place.

Mature bushes Clematis can be searched by division. For this procedure in spring (before flowering) or in the fall, strong and healthy five-year-old bushes are taken, which carefully dig and remove from the ground. The tangle of the roots on each plant was washed and dry, after which the bush is separated into several parts. Each part must have enough roots and stems.

The separation is made using an acute ax or a secateurs. Each decene is planted into the landing pit in the usual way.

Diseases and pests

White Clematis are rarely affected by diseases or suffer from pests. However, often Incorrect care and unfavorable environment cause a sharp weakening of their immunity, which provokes the development of diseases and reducing resistance to pests.

Often weakened bush clematis are amazed Gray Gnill, developing with excessive humidity and lack of light. A characteristic feature of this disease is specific dirty brown spots with a grayish fluffy bloom formed on the leaves and shoots. Treatment of the affected plant provides for a complete removal of affected stalks and foliage and thorough treatment of a bush with Fundazole preparation. It is also necessary for the purpose of prevention and plants near the infected Clematis are treated. In case of severe damage, the patient plant must be destroyed.

Another non-essential disease of these beautiful peppers Puffy dew. Its specific feature is a gray-white powdered plaque, covering leaves and bush shoots. Treatment In this case implies the processing of the plant “Fundazol” or “Topaz”.

Good results also gives the processing of a bush with a solution of calcined soda, copper sulfate.

One of the most cunning enemies of the Klemptis – Medveda. This voracious pest, doing the moves in the ground, greatly injures the root system of plants. Get rid of him quite not easy. This uses a set of events:

  • Installation of traps with bait;
  • Safety of pest strokes with a concentrated soap solution;
  • Processing Floor Detection Places by Yadochymikati.

Many gardeners celebrate Efficiency of specialized drugs against the Medveda. One of them is bioinsecticide “Metarizin”.

The appearance on the leaves of Clematis of yellow spots and closets of the web indicates that The plant is affected by a spider tick. Favorable conditions for the appearance of this parasite creates dry and hot weather. To get rid of the pest, the victim Clematis is treated with the AKTELLIK means.

Examples in landscape design

In landscape design, bush closets are used not only for vertical landscaping, wall decoration, pergol or arches. Often they are grown as soil rims who are perfect background for low and medium-sided colors.

Low-speed bushes Clematis (60-70 centimeters height) are organically looking in a duet with their lianovide conifers. Also a good company for them can be roses, jasmine, chubushnik of low-speed varieties.

Growing bushes Clematis in a half, you can highlight them against the background of a common landscape. So, emphasize their magnificence during the flowering period will help the hosts with white-green or yellow-green leaves, against the background of which the flowers of Clematis will look even more unusual and brighter.

All about the bush of Clematis look next.

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