Brugmissy is extremely picturesque allocated among other garden crops with its impressive view. Its large flowers of tubular-bells and the look resemble gramophones, leaves are also quite large, bright green color. In the nearby past, the shrub was counted to the genus Duram (datura), but then it was determined in the independent race of Brugmishia. For a peculiar form of buds, the plant is also called “angel pipes”.
Brugmissy belongs To the parlor family, grows in the form of both a beautiful-flowing perennial shrub and a low church. In the natural environment, the plant can be found in South America. Krone Shrub is good branched, with flexible, curly green stems. They are located somewhat oblong leafy plates of oval shape, painted in dark green. Some varieties leaves are gear or short-haired.
The length of the sheet plates on average can reach 30 cm. Brugmancia also has copper forms. During the flowering period – in summer – on the tips of the stems are formed tubular flowers, more often they grow singly.
Buds have a different color, depending on the variety of their length varies from 25 to 50 cm, and the diameter can be 15-25 cm, they are always directed down. Thanks to the works of breeders, the varieties of Brugmissy are derived from simple and terry flowers, and they are also bunk.
Coloring can be the most diverse: white, yellow, orange, red, pink and lilac. Buds possess a pretty bright aroma, which in the evening is made more saturated. Flowering occurs alternately and can last from July to December, after it ripen the fruits of the pod. At home, the plant can achieve maximum to 2 m, although in nature it grows much higher. Often, Brugmancia is planted in the form of a casual or room culture, since it is very heat-loving and does not tolerate frost.
Active and rapid growth of Brugmansia falls on the warm period of the year.
Types and varieties
Rod Brugmancia has several species that are mainly bred by the colorful and type of buds.
In the natural environment, the plant can be found in Chile, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador. It blooms white or pink color. Through the height of the bush can grow up to 3 m, tubular-bell buds have a length of about 20 cm. In view of its tropical nature, this species is grown as a room or greenhouse, because at a temperature -1 degree it dies. Distinctive features of representatives of the species are urine roots and weathered stalks.
Sheet plates have an elliptical shape with solid edges and covered with light fluff.
Snow-white, or angel pipe
This Brugmancia is also known as woody, in the natural environment it can grow up to 3 meters, but at home the tree reaches much smaller sizes. Flowers from representatives of this species are predominantly white, although depending on the variety can acquire a pinkish and light yellow shade. Their form is extended, tubular. Flash plates oval, with easy-to-wear, are placed on rather long stuffs. Buds on the plants are formed only when the night and daytime temperatures are becoming without latter drops.
This species mainly exists in hybrid forms.
Fragrant, or fragrant
This Brugmissy appeared in Brazil, so For her preferably a hot climate. Under the appropriate conditions, the plant can form buds all year round (indoors). Grows up to 5 meters, so the ceilings in the room must be high. Buds are also quite large, some varieties of their length reaches and 30 cm, they are painted in white or light green tone. The representatives of this species are distinguished by fairly rapid growth.
Flowers for this species have a beautiful saturated yellow. Also, plants have quite large leaves, in individual instances they reach 50 cm. Homeland shrub is the north of Colombia.
You can find representatives of the species by orange-red color of petals, they also have pronounced fermented yellow and scarlet bonding. With a long high temperature (above + 25 °), the plant resets the buds and does not bloom. It is distinguished by frost resistance, so it is quite possible to cultivate in a moderate climatic strip. In nature, representatives of this Brugmissy can be found on the territory of Ecuador and Chile.
The flowering plant has a very spectacular look, which is why he got its name. Only the petals appeared are white, then they become a peach or orange shade. The height of Brugmansia is 4 m, and flowers are 30-50 cm.
Brugmancia is mainly grown in large tanks. In the open soil it is worth landing in the regions with a warm climate, since the plant is very thermalized and heavily tolerate frost. Shrub grown in a tub, need to transplant several times a year, because it grows pretty quickly, but it is necessary to do it carefully – by transshipment. Capacity should be rather deep and wide. For good growth in Brugmancia, preferably nutritional soil with any acidity.
We often use soils for palm trees, but you can prepare independently of mixed in the same proportions:
You can also take a recoverable leaf soil, peat, humus, perlite in equal parts, adding to them a turf land (2 parts).
In the open soil, Brugmansia is recommended to plant at the end of May, when the threat of night frosts finally passes. The optimal temperature for shrub in the summer is + 18-28 °, and in winter – + 8-12 °, Based on this, the experienced flower is recommended to cultivate the flower as a permanent culture, because in the middle lane it does not pump in open soil.
Substrate for landing is recommended to be treated with a slight solution of manganese. On the bottom of the chub or the landing well, it is necessary to put drainage in obligatory, as well as compost or manure, then plants are placed together with an earth’s room and sprinkle soil.
Place for landing or accommodation for hubs with Brugmancia worth choosing well lit, but the light should be scattered. Flower is worth protecting from drafts. Need to remember that In the shadow, the angelic pipes will bloom poorly, but the foliage will be numerous.
Subtleties of care
When cultivating Brugmania, you need to know that She loves light and warm. In winter, if it is not possible to provide such conditions, you can leave it in a cool room before the spring (the plant will be at rest). “Pipe of Archangel”, which grow in ads. For indoor green pets, the south side with good lighting.
In the absence of intense light, it is worth thinking about additional.
In the warm period, the plant requires abundant and regular watering, after blooming it needs to be somewhat reduced. Brugmissy reacts well on spraying, while you need to not allow water to fall on buds. During the period – in winter – the flower is recommended to water rarely and a small amount of water, but not allow soil drying. If the plant blooms and develops in winter, then moisturizing should be the usual. Water for watering is better to take the resistant and non-cooling.
Fingering Brugmancia worth starting in the spring, for this you can take a solution of a cowboy in proportions 1: 10 or fertilizer with nitrogen. Over the summer, the plant fertilizes complex mineral and organic feeding times in 1-2 weeks. During flowering, you need to make formulations with potassium and phosphorus. In the cold period, if the flower is not in a state of rest, it is enough to pretend once a month, otherwise fertilizer does not use.
Brugmancia is characterized by fairly rapid growth, so it needs a haircut, in addition, it is thus you can form a crown and give it the desired form. Experienced flowers are recommended to trigger in early spring. First remove old and dry branches, the rest are shortened by a third. For the first time, the plant can be cut two years after the first flowering.
Side branches should be left, because most of them are formed by most buds. Throughout the summer, it is also necessary to periodically cut the appearing steps: they reduce the abundance of flowering.
Preparation for winter
By wintering, Brugmansia is recommended to move to a cool room from +13 degrees and below (up to +5), then the plant will be in the period of rest, and its growth stops until spring. The flower is not feeding and rarely watered, but spray and ventilated regularly. As for the lighting, the plant should organize a shower (optimally light day should last about 12 hours). Plants that grow in open soil are digging for the winter, separated by several parts (optional). Each of them is placed in an individual capacity and stored in the basement.
It may happen that the crown of the plant frozen during wintering (there was too low temperatures), then it spring should be cut off and rooted in water, and then land as familiar way. If you wish, that Brugmansia continue to bloom in winter, it should provide certain conditions:
- warm room;
- good lighting.
It must be remembered that in this case the plant is quickly depleted and in a few years it can die. Therefore, in order to longer enjoy the beauty of the “Archangel pipes”, the plant is better to prepare correctly for the winter rest period. As you can see, to care for Brugmancia is easy, but at the same time you can get a spectacular flower that will decorate any home or garden.
Methods of breeding
The breeding process of Brugmansia is not much difficult, to the same way to do this in several ways.
The flower grown in this way is able to bloom for 2-3 years of life. It is possible to propagate the seeds of culture like this:
- Because of a rather dense structure, it is necessary to scratch the surface of the seed slightly – so they will shoot faster;
- In the growth stimulator to withstand seeds about 2 days;
- fall into a container with light soil to a depth of about 1 cm, moisturizing, cover with a film;
- keep the container in a well-lit place for 3 weeks, not forgetting to ventilate;
- After that, the shelter to remove;
- Shoots need 2-3 times a day to spray non-cooling water;
- After the appearance of 4-5 leaves, seedlings are dive into separate cups.
Double seedlings can be fed nitrogen-containing fertilizers, and another 2 months – complex. When using such a way, it is necessary to remember that quite often the Brugmancia does not receive maternal characteristics and may differ both in both the size and color of buds.
The extension method is used primarily in the spring, then the cuttings are rooted rather quickly, Although it is possible to carry out the procedure and autumn – before the onset of frost. Cuttings should be strong and have at least one branching. They also need to remove leaves, such a procedure will save the cuttings strength. Scroll is treated with growth stimulant, then put in water tank. Every day you need to change the water, after about 10 days the roots are formed, and the seedling can be planted in the soil.
After 4 weeks, the sprout should be transferred to a larger pot.
When multiplying, the flower is not distinguished by a special high, but it blooms quite magnificent. Use it mainly in the late spring – early summer. From the top of the plant choose the strongest last year’s shoots with a diameter of 2 cm. They make cuts in the form of Y on a quarter of thickness and wipe the growth stimulant. Then you need to put a wet moss to the place and wrap the shoots with the film, fixing it with a thread.
For the month, Moss must be regularly moistened, it is possible to do this with a syringe. After about 30-40 days, the roots begin to form the roots, then from the branch it is worth removing the leaves and buds, remove the moss, and the escape itself cut off and put into the nutritional land. So that the rooting has passed faster and more successful, it needs to spray it every day and take care of direct sunlight.
Diseases and pests
Although Brugmancia is a poisonous plant, it is often affected by different pests. On the plant you can see damaged sheet plates and buds, they turn yellow and fall. From parasites, such insecticidal preparations such as Aktellik, Agravertin, Fiopharm, Plant Spray. It is necessary to apply them several times a week, it is very carefully necessary to process the opposite side of the leaves and interstices. From pests most often, Brugmansia annoy:
- weevil – striking leafy plates, get rid of it by mechanical way;
- Bellenka and Tlla – feed on the juice of the plant, depriving his strength;
- Cobed tick – manifests itself with a thin web on the leaves, auxiliary activities in the fight against it – wipe the plates with a wet sponge or treat the tincture of garlic, dandelion and yarrow;
- Snails, slippers and caterpillars – on the plant may appear due to high humidity, the fight against them is to apply insecticide.
With incorrect care or conditions of content, Brugmansia may suffer from different diseases.
- Gray Gnil Appears from oveurgement of soil. Treatment is to remove all infected parts, solid processing of the ground-based part of fungicidal preparations and adjusting the irrigation mode. In preventive purposes, the nearby circle is watered with a solution of lime, avoid dampness and stagnation of water from the roots.
- Spots and strips Plant indicate a viral disease. The affected plants are better destroyed, otherwise they may cause other cultures.
When cultivating Brugmansia, other problems may occur. Too extended and brittle shoots indicate the lack of lighting. So that the shrub came to normal, you need to rearrange it in place with bright light. The same reason may manifest itself in the absence of blossoms of Brugmissy. If the shrub drops the foliage, it means that he lacks moisture.
Usage in landscape design
The plant with elegant large buds will serve as an decoration of any site. “Angel Pipes” look great in group landings in the country, in the garden or on the flowerbed, but landed single shrub is also extremely charming. Plant decorate rooms, terraces, balconies. But with all the beauty, during the cultivation, it is necessary to remember that it is poisonous and need to be very careful if there are children or animals in the house. Besides, Because of a rather strong aroma, you should not keep the flower in the bedroom.
Charming Brugmissy for a long time will decorate the house or garden, if it gives only a little time, causing and caring.
In the next video you are waiting for the preparation of Brugmansia to winter.