The current state of the natural environment leaves much to be desired. Unreasonable ways of human economic activities lead to disorders of natural harmony in nature. Blokes are broad-sized, like many herbaceous, do not endure strong mechanical impacts.
Uncontrolled grazing of cattle, mass preparations of medicinal plants, ill-conceived mastering of virgin lands and a lot of other lead to violations in the biological systems of the Earth. Despite the widespread bells, in the Red Book already there are already pages on the disappearing species of these plants. There is hope that continuous breeding work and nature protection will allow you to maintain these types.
The bell is a broad-sized – a perennial grassy plant of the family of bells. Latin name – Campanula Latifolia, Type – Tall. In the natural environment, it is distributed in Europe, Malaya Asia, Himalayas and Altai. As a garden culture, it is grown since the end of the XVI century (according to updated data from 1576).
In the botanical description, it is indicated that the bell is widecatized to 120 cm in height. Root system consists of a powerful rowing with spindle-shaped side roots and thickening. Naked stem has a cylinder form, in the upper part resembles a stupid angle. Thin leafy plates are oblong, gear, slightly pubescent on both sides. Bottom leaves are visually different from the upper: lower heart-shaped with a winged cushion, top lanceal, seats. Flowers in carlike inflorescences are large, painted in the colors of a blue-purple gamma. White flowers are much less likely. Egg-shaped seeds ripen in boxes with three piras below.
Leaves and roots of young plants are edible, they can be used in salting, harassment, salads and soups.
Many natural forms of bells have successfully moved to the flower gardens. They are decorative, winter-hardy and unpretentious in care, but are not diverse enough in color. Selection work with the family of bells is carried out over several centuries. No exception and bell broadcast. The following varieties are the most popular:
- “Alba” It will not be unsubstituted anywhere – its magnificent snow-white inflorescences form a lush borders on the stem;
- “Branchwood” Bright purple inflorescences, if the flower desire, will create the perfect background for plants with a less pronounced pale color;
- “Macrand” It has large dark purple flowers of very saturated color, assembled into lush and rich inflorescences.
Selection varieties have a higher decorativeness, a wide range of color coloring and large numerous inflorescences, but more demanding on growing conditions, compared with natural forms. But still you can always pick up a suitable variety for almost any climatic conditions.
The bell is broadly unpretentious, but under the people in the ground it is desirable to make sand and humus in a heavy soil, in light – turf and compost. Immediately before planting the soil, it is necessary to help organic fertilizers to help plants can be better cope with adaptation and provide them with food in the first few years. Tall bells, to which the broad-sized wide, plant with a pitch of 40-60 cm in a row and with the same distance between the rows.
Care for the bell is widely important. This is an unpretentious plant with excellent survival.
Blokes broad-sized do not like excessive dampness, the soil must be wet, but not overcooked. Watering should be balanced during the whole growing period. It is important to support the “golden middle” so that the soil is always moderately moistened, then the plants will retain decorative properties for a long time.
Even when the bells in the current season have already been blowing away, it is necessary to maintain watering mode, follow the state of the soil, spray plants, then the next year the bell tips will delight the caring owner of the beauty of luxurious blossom.
In the spring, when plants go into growth, it is necessary to feed them with nitric fertilizers (ammonium nitrogen, urea). It is not bad to make wood ash in the soil at the rate of 400 g per 10 kV. M and organics (humus). Before the bootonization it is necessary to feed the bells with the mineral complex NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) at the rate of 10-15 g per 1 kV. M. The quality of the soil does not directly affect the number of fertilizers. Surplus depress plants for bells better slightly reduce the doses indicated on the packs of tows.
It is impossible to bother the section “Green Wall”. In the spring and at the beginning of the summer, the bells are ridiculously rudded several times. During the weeding, we need to delete weeds in a timely manner, as well as the excessive piglers of the bells, which in this case clogs the plot in this case.
Fighting diseases and pests
The broad-sized bell is a resistant plant, but some diseases and damage pests are still possible. Most often in conditions of high humidity, bells are amazed by mildew. The fight measures are as follows:
- Balance watering;
- Cut the affected areas;
- regularly loose soil to a depth of 5-7 cm;
- Treat the landing of fungicides (“Fundazole”, “Topcin-M”, a solution of copper sulphate).
It is necessary to regularly examine the planting for the presence of tri and slugs, when discovering plants insecticides or influences (for example, infusion of burning pepper).
Preparation for winter
Bloke of broad-sized – winter-hardy plant. Before wintering should be neatly cut off all old stems. In medium latitudes, the shelter for the winter is not required, but in the regions with strongly frosty winters it is better to “progress” and sketch on the planting of the coniferous husky, fall asleep with sawdust or shallow wood chip. In the spring it is necessary to take off the shelter in a timely manner so that the landings do not propose.
How to multiply?
Seeds ripen at the end of the season, when swinging, the wind is poured out of boxes and give self-seams in the abundant amount. From one stem can crumble from 1200 to 2000 seeds. Numerous independent segments of the natural forms of natural shapes Gardening bells refer to weeds, but excess plants are easily removed from the soil by the usual.
In nature, the bells multiply by self-sowing. Gardeners apply and seed method, and vegetative. Seeds can be planted on seedlings, and you can immediately in open ground. Seedlings landing make early spring (end of March). The transplant of the grained seedlings transplanted into the garden when the freezing. New bells bloom in the next season. In the open soil seeds must be planted later, in most Russian regions is the end of May or beginning of June. Seeds dissipate on the surface of the moistened soil, not sprinkling the earth. It is recommended to cover the crops of the film, to air daily and watch out the humidity. As soon as the seeds “will proceed”, the shelter should be removed.
Vegetatively, the bell is widecatized by the division of rhizomes and cuttings. It is not necessary to dig up the whole bush, a fairly garden blade is separated from the root of a small part and immediately put on the prepared new place. Survival is good, varietal signs are saved completely.
Important! Shining is extremely rarely applied, since this method is considered difficult due to poor cuttlens of cuttings. Only experienced gardeners are taken for him, and beginners are not recommended to use the sealing.
In the next video, you are waiting for more information about the bell with a broad “Alba”.