Black lilies: the best varieties and features of their cultivation

Black flowers Most of our compatriots are associated with mourning events and bitterness. Nevertheless, in recent years, the shade has become popular in floristics – the flowers of this koller are widely used as the lead element in bouquets. In most cases, the compositions are decorated with black lilies.

Description

Before you tell about black varieties of lilies, we will focus on the characteristics of the Lily. Over 9000 varieties of this plant grows on Earth. They are conventionally divided into 8 groups, the most numerous of them are Asian hybrids. It is for them and include black Lily.

Since ancient times, lilies were recognized as a symbol of purity and innocence. Due to its decorative form, the flowers quickly won popularity in a variety of parties of the globe. In France, they were read so much that the image of this unusual flower was even placed on the flags of the National Guard.

By the way, in translation from the adverbs of the ancient Galov “Liliya” indicates the “white-white”. That is why many are difficult to imagine that lily can be black.

In fact, the flower of a pure black kolker does not exist, in most cases he has a mixed color: with blue, burgundy or purple sweat.

Black lilies are usually characterized by high growth, their length varies from 85 to 110 cm Depending on the variety, the peculiarities of the care and the natural and climatic conditions in which the culture is grown.

Sort

Black Coleler – the main distinguishing feature of lily Landini varieties. This plant is characterized by truly gothic color, the petals have a deep, dark red shade, but at certain lighting, they impress almost black. This lily is one of the darkest among all Lily. Despite the unusual colover, Landini is very popular with gardeners and landscape designers.

These flowers are pretty unpretentious and easily carry cold protracted winter. Plants are best developed on lime soils, they do not like moisture stagnation, so lowlands and places with a high level of groundwater occurmer are not suitable for planting: excessive humidity is created there, which leads to a rapid fading of culture. Flowers of chalmid shape grow to 8-20 cm, directed down, upwards and sides. Several flowers form blurred inflorescence.

Black Lilia in the garden looks harmoniously surrounded by roses and peonies of contrasting shades. Some gardeners argue that “Landini” looks good and by themselves, but still it is in the contrast that these plants are especially rich and harmonious.

The “dark” lilies also include the following varieties.

  • Lily mapira. This spherical culture can not be called pure black, it is more burgundy, with a saturated dark center

  • “Dimenshn”. Flowers of this lily resemble dark burgundy velvet, but in the frame of white flowers look almost black.

  • “Lion Heart”. One of their most popular sorts of garden lily with a unique color. Lilies flowers are distinguished by deep dark purple, which as it approaches the center becomes more and more black. At the same time, the tips of the petals remain bright yellow, and the stamens have orange color.

  • “Knight Rider”. Another representative of Asian saturated purple hybrids. In the sun, petals acquire a pronounced bronze. Flowers reach a length of 17 cm, as a rule, collected in inflorescences, look at the sides and down.

  • “Black Prince” – Special Representative of Dark Hybrids. A distinctive feature of these lilies are chalmid flowers with curly petals of dark raspberry, almost black coloring. Each inflorescence contains from 30 to 50 flowers. “Black Prince” has a delicate sophisticated aroma.

Landing and care

Before planing the black lilies, it is necessary to peel the ground to the depth of 30-45 cm, since the roots of the plants go deep down. If the soil is clay, then for the improvement of the chemical composition of the substrate, river sand and peat make, otherwise water will be stated and cause rotting root system.

Earth is desirable to help the organicaic: compost or overworked. The fertilization rate is 1.5-2 buckets per square meter of the site. To reduce the level of soil acidity, thinned wood ash (200 g / kV. m) either chalk (300-500 g / kV. m).

Black lily prefers well-lit plots, so when preparing the Earth, it is necessary to take into account the height of neighboring plants, as well as walls and fences.

Before boarding, it is necessary to remove all dried roots and damaged scales. Work is best done in the first decade of September. Immediately before planing the bulbs, it is recommended to soak in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection and prevent fungal infections.

Bulbs are plugged by 15-20 cm. Between several seedlings leave a distance of 25-30 cm. Keep in mind, black lilies are pretty quickly seen by their daughter bulbs, so every 3-5 years will have to divide and destroy.

After landing the ground, it is necessary to pour and hide the mulch.

Black lily is very demanding of care, the land around the plant must be regularly delivered from weeds and loosen. Watering is required regular, while water is better to direct under the root so that it does not fall on the stalk and leaves of the plant.

Black lily multiplies with tuberukovol or seeds. The first method is considered to be the most convenient and efficient, even a beginner flower model can cope with such work. You will need to just dig lilies and divide the nest of bulbs. Consider separated tubers to plant as quickly as possible. If such an opportunity is absent, they need to be placed in a cool place and stored at a temperature of 0-5 degrees in river sand or wrapped moss.

See below.

Common diseases

Like all other garden crops, black lilies are sometimes faced with pest diseases and insects. The main danger to such colors represent the following ailments.

  • Gray Gnil – This fungus grows up with the onset of spring, damaging the green pieces of flower. The bulbs remain entirely, so in the next season, healthy flowers can grow. For the prevention of treatment with sulfur, Lily can be burgulated with burgundy liquid.
  • Fusariosis – This disease has fungal nature and destroys the diagram of the bulbs, which leads to a slowdown in the growth and development of the flower. When signs of the pathology of the tubers should correct as quickly as possible, remove the affected fragments and about half an hour to withstand in the “Fundazola” solution.
  • Pepperliness – This is a viral infection that is transferred with insects. The ailment causes a sharp deterioration in the state of the health of lily, but it does not die, although it can contribute to the further spread of the virus.

Is it possible to grow in the apartment?

Have to upset lovers of home plants – in indoor landscaping black lilies are not used. Some flower trees are trying to grow their homes, but every time faced with failures. These plants impose strict requirements for humidity level and temperature regime. In the natural environment, they live on the coasts of the seas and oceans, in tropical mountain forests, where the humidity is increased, and the soil is rich in humus.

    Some black lilies grow in Savannah: In the dry time of the year, ground parts of the plant are dying, but as soon as the rain period comes, they grow again. Accordingly, at home culture requires similar conditions for the existence. Implement it in residential premises is unreal, since such a microclimate is destroyed for a person.

    Alternatively, black lilies can be grown in greenhouses – it is no coincidence that these plants decorate the richest and beautiful winter gardens.

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