Irises – Perennial and Non-Armed Flowers. They have unusual inflorescences, bright coloring of petals, long and straight leaves. Gentle characteristic flavor, fresh and thin. Iris bearded petals, divert up and down, form a crown and collar with a terry beard, why the flower and got his name. In the article we will look at the varieties, nuances of landing and leaving bearded iris.
Bearded irises are culture with a well-developed root of 1.5-2 cm in thickness. At the rhizome, you can notice thickening by the years of the bush. In individual varieties, the smell of root thickening resembles violet. Leaves Bright, with a grayish tinge, flat and sharp. Branched blonde color, forms several buds. Six petals: Three raised up – these are standards, and three arc descend down – these are fouls.
Bearded irises called the characteristic cluster of hairs on the basis of petals collected in long beards. By the number of different varieties is considered the most extensive group.
Of the 50 different grades of bearded irises, over 30 thousand different hybrids were obtained. Different irises in colors, height of the bush and flowering period.
At the beginning of flowering, highlight:
- very early – ve;
- Early – E;
- Average – m;
- Late – L;
- very late – VL;
- long flowering – EML (repair).
Such an abbreviation in the catalog and on the package indicate the flowering time.
Irises differ in the size of a flower:
- with small flowers;
- with medium;
- with large;
- with the largest.
Bearded irises in the height of bloomer are:
- miniature dwarf 20 cm – MDB;
- Standard dwarf 20-40 cm – SDB;
- intermediate bearded 40-70 cm – IB;
- border 40-70 cm – bb;
- miniature high 40-70 cm – MTB;
- High – TB.
On the box with rhizomes for landing Latina indicates the height of the bloomon.
In colors classified by varieties:
There are space irises, lined with petals, corrugated – wavy petals, lace – waves around the edge resemble lace.
Names and descriptions of the best varieties of bearded irises
The period of flowering from May to June and lasts about 2-3 weeks. Height reaches 85 cm, this is a high species. Large flowers from 10-15 cm in diameter painted in ruby-red shades with a bright reddish border and mustard-yellow beard, coloring is often varied from orange to brownish. Forms corrugated lace flowers, 7-8 on one bloom.
This hybrid variety has a high winter hardiness. The distance between the adult bushes should be 40-60 cm. Strongly born irises of this variety cease to bloom.
This tall iris reaches a height of 100 cm. Blooming begins in July, has a dark blue monophonic color of petals. On the stem can be up to 4 branches and 6-8 flowers are formed. The diameter of a very large flower is about 11-18 cm. Petals are covered with light corrugated ripples. Bird color blue, in the core – Yellow.
This is a variety of bearded iris height 70-90 cm. Fragrant flowers painted in two shades: Upper – soft white, bottom – bright purple with white border. The beard is yellowish. On one bush, 8-9 colors are formed in June. This is cold-resistant, winter-hardy variety, not pests and diseases. Old plants are even not necessarily covered by winter in the conditions of the middle strip, with the exception of a honest winter.
Well tolerate light shading, but must be protected from strong winds. The soil before planting requires the preparation of the drainage system, the Iris “Vaqas” can not withstand the overaffect of moisture. Soil for planting is suitable neutral or weakly acid.
Blossom starts in June. Adult plants height reach 95 cm. Flowers large, two-color, fan-shaped with three omented petals. Light yellow macushkin and burgundy-cherry bottom petals with golden corrugated border. Short Mandarin Color Beard. Light-loving, but prefers a lung half at noon. Recommend to plant on the site, where the sun is about 5 hours a day. It is not bad to carry a sour, clay, luggy and sandy soil.
The beginning of flowering falls on June and continues in July. High bushes with blooms up to 90 cm give large flowers 13-15 cm, up to 6 pieces on each plant. Upper petals lilac blue, and bottom – dense blue with blue edging. Dark Golden Beard. Flowers for several weeks, separate specimens – from 1 to 5 days. Neutral soil prefers: loose, sandy-clay, weakness. Distance between plants – 30 cm.
In hot weather, blooming can begin before usual and continues not long.
Unpretentious grade is distinguished by a long flowering day from June to July. Loves solar closed from wind place. Reaches a height of 100 cm. Huge flowers up to 19 cm painted in two colors: orange-saffron tops combined with falling petals of shades of mahogany. The beard resembles a grocery flame. The bush gives 3-4 color wheels, 8-9 buds develop on each. Has a characteristic sweet aroma.
Hybrid variety. Flowers in June-July. On the bush grows a flowerclosure with a height of 85-90 cm with 5-6 flowers. Fuchsia’s top color, bottom – bright pink, pale to the center. Orange beard and corrugated edges. Aroma bright and fragrant. Loves sunny plots, but it takes a partial shading not bad. Soil will suit the weakly acidic, neutral and weakly.
Begins to bloom in May. Height reaches 90 cm. Single blue flowers with lilac hint, corrugated petals, with light lace, between which there is a white thick beard. Has a characteristic vanilla fragrance. Winter hardy variety. Prefers illuminated and wind-protected areas, fertile soil with drainage.
Bloom in July. Coloros height – up to 90 cm. Large flowers of a gentle pink shade are not afraid of rain and bright sun. Pale Coral Color Beard. Transfer a small shadow. No frost resistance. Prefers weakness, neutral and low-alkaline soils.
Flowers blooms in May and continues to bloom over two weeks. The height of the stem – 55-60 cm. Monophonic bright red petals form a dome, more dark fouls with light corrugation on the edge. Golden curly beard and thin sweetish fragrance. Flower size up to 15 cm. Winter hardy grades.
How to plant?
Spring plant bearded irises in open ground (but it is necessary that the earth will dry up after melting water) or in the summer, from July to August. For the barisader of Irisov, the solar places are selected, flower beds are suitable for individual species for half a day. In the shadow of the plant there are few colors. Requires wind protection, as the flowerca can be allegedly eliminated.
Plot for irises is recommended to prepare. Grocery pour higher. Around the place where the irises will grow, shallow grooves will be digged – this simple drainage system will not let the water. The soil of irises prefer neutral, the weakness will suit individual varieties.
Lovers of these beautiful colors prepare the soil in this way:
- Sand mixtures add to dense and heavy;
- In clay and loam, sand and peat are poured;
- Kislyu will make neutral lime or ash.
Earth carefully leaving, removing weeds. The site where the irises will grow, watered a fungicide. To protect against weeds are treated with herbicides. 25 cm deep into the soil can be made compost, but not to mix with the earth. Dung for feeding irises do not use.
For landing Rhizome Iris must be well formed, dense and without deploying, with foliage no less than 15 cm. Signs of shoots are viewed with yellowish-green tubercles. Central sheets are dense and green, side permissible dried.
Very large roots come from the overabundance of feeding, plants of them are more susceptible to disease. Optional to immediately plant a plant in a parisade, drying up is useful to the young bush. Do not store planting material in polyethylene and in a humid environment.
It is important to put the irises correctly. A straw for the bush is made a shallow, in the middle poured dry ground with a hormster and put the rhizome, gently distributing on the sides of the root. Thick rhizome fall asleep on sand on the sides of 2 cm, and the roots – the earth. The middle part with the leaves remains above the surface. There is a distance of approximately 50 cm between high species, between the dwarfs – 30 cm.
- chess (at a distance of 50 cm);
- in the ranks (between bushes 40 cm);
- Circle (at a distance of 30 cm).
How to care?
The transplant is made after the end of flowering through one or two weeks. Bearded irises begin to transplant in July and do it until the end of August, in more southern regions, the deadlines can be moved to mid-September. At a later date, the plant will not have time to be rooted and will not be able to fall. Transplant and share bushes until the first decade of September. In the middle lane, do not recommend tightening with landing.
After the transplantation, the irises are watered, weed, loose, feed and cut.
Main care for irises.
- Watering. Bearded irises do not like an oversupply of moisture in the soil, as it accumulates it in roots. Water in the evening completely dry soil, trying not to get on the leaves and flowers.
- Loosening. The roots of the Iris are located almost on the surface, the poet soil is barely tearing with hands.
- Podkord. Spend 3 times the season. Spring make nitrogen fertilizers that stimulate plant growth. Summer feed ammonium fertilizers and phosphorus. Autumn – phosphorus and potassium to prepare for winter. On fertile soil, fertilizers begin in a year or two.
- Trimming. During flowering, dried dry flowers and cut the stalks, leaving 3 cm from the root. The main trimming is carried out after 3.5 weeks after the end of flowering in August, if this variety is late blooming in early September. The upper part of the bush is cut by a cone at an altitude of 14-15 cm from the soil and sprinkled the roots of dry earth.
- Preparation for winter. In October, before the onset of the first frosts, Iris is cut off, leaving only green shoots and leaves. Then they are covered with peat, humus or dry leaves in a thickness of at least 20 cm. Before the first snow is laying on top of the dry branches of ate or pine. In March, the lapper is cleaned, and the peat layer around the roots move.
Methods of breeding
Bearded irises can be propagated only by the division of rhizomes, plants derived from seeds do not retain decorative properties. We must remember that Adult plants transplanted after 6 years. Bushes grow and occupy all the space around, filling the groans between the beds and the tracks. Adult plant better dig and separate some more young shoots. For the landing take the growths that appeared in the summer – one-way branching of rhizomes. After flowering, the roots begged at the bearded iris, and, it means that the transplanted plant quickly takes. Three weeks after the appearance of the last flower, Iris is allowed to dig and divide.
Two-year-old bushes in the width in the width grow up to 3.5 cm and form 5-7 swelling sheets. Overwhelmingly, they bloom the next spring. Disadvantage – winter they are poorly transferred and after a year or two cease to bloom. Recommended for planting annual parts from rhizomes thick up to 2.5 cm with 4 sheets. In the nearest spring, these irises will not be blossom, but in a year will be pleased to please the first buds.
How to divide the root of the iris.
- Root thickening dig up.
- Sharing with a knife on a piece of about 2 cm long. The resulting pieces should have healthy roots.
- Washed, and the location of the cut is disinfected with a solution of manganese (15 g per 10 liters of water), sprinkled with ash or wood coal.
- Delleka dry and deepen in the sand 3 cm.
You can not pull out the irises, so you can cut the leaves, and the rhizer will remain in the ground.
Why the bearded irises are divided:
- In 3-4 years, bushes occurs a period of abundant flowering, then fades;
- The young parts of the root are located on the surface where they can darn;
- The bush greatly grows by stroke;
- Old root shoots inside the plant are dying;
- Overgrown irises make it difficult to quench, feeding and watering.
Iris is also propagated by the kidneys.
- Root dig out of the soil.
- Wash and drown.
- Cut parts in the form of cone asset down, inside the root. Each piece remains a few roots from an adult plant.
- Slices are sprinkled with coal or ash, in front of the landing dried.
- Put in furrows, dug at 5 cm, falling asleep the earth in half with sand and peat, watered.
- Rooted and giving leaves shoots will be transferred for another year to the garden.
Diseases and pests
Bearded Iris does not bloom for various reasons, but most likely the bushes got sick. The most dangerous disease is considered Root rot (bacteriosis). It appears on healthy iris in raw and cool summer or after warm and raw winter. The sign of this disease is the desired and dry leaves. At the base of the bush appears rot with a characteristic sharp odor.
Treatment: digging the rhizome, the fiddled areas are cut to a pure root, sprinkling “Fundazole”, dry outdoors and plant in another place. Rhizome is placed shallow, slightly sprinkled with dry soil, only thin roots are well covered.
The second dangerous disease – the spottedness of the leaves. Appears in wet weather. On the leaves there are small stains, which over time amazed all the leaves, why the bush dries. The plant does not die, but not getting enough nutrients, sore and grows badly. Ill irises are treated with quadris or phytosporin-M drugs. SOCK – this disease is not treated. If the foliage on the iris starts, the edges are filled, the roots die off, and the thick rhizer is hardening, and the plant dries, it is recommended to dig the sick bush and burn. A plot where the bush was located, handled lime or formalin.
In the blooming flowers in a bearded iris may appear Iris Fly and Bronzeka, and in non-excreted buds – Olena Beetle. Pests live in only colors. The fight against them comes down to collecting manually. Early in the morning, bypassing the landlord, remove pests and destroy. The raspberry fly puts the eggs into the buds of the eggs, of which the larvae will appear, which ruin the unspoken flowers and flowers from the inside. The whole branch of the Iris may not dismiss.
Effective method is a spraying of buds at the very beginning of their formation to the Decis means.
Examples in landscape design
Pay attention to the selection of beautiful examples of using irises for landscape decoration:
- Gardens from irises are called iridariums;
- On a monochromatic background, it is advised to plant two-color and tricolor varieties, for example, “decades”;
- In the paliceader, dwarf species are planting from the edge, and higher are in the middle;
- Single irises are used in the design of Rocaries and the foot of the Alpinarians;
- perfectly suitable for making tracks in the garden and a powerful courtyard;
- put in high vases together with annuals, blooming from July to September;
- Designers often use irises in mixed flower beds with shrubs, conifers and flowers;
- Compositions with lilies, poppies, lupines.
About what novice flower for bearded irises should know, see the following video.