Barbaris Ottavsky “Superb”: description, landing and care

There is a lot of recommendations, what plants use to give a section of an extraordinary species. But many of the cultures are complex in everyday life or extremely capricious to growing conditions. A happy exception is Barbaris, which will be discussed in this material.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Peculiarities

At one time, Barbaris Ottavsky “Superba” received a premium of the English Society of Gardeners, and in Britain, they know exactly in green garden-park plantings. The variety refers to the number of leaf falling large shrubs. Its width and height can increase with time to 3 or even up to 4 m. Growth occurs quickly, and limit values ​​are achieved by 8-10 years. In the first years, the branches rushed straight up. But gradually they begin to grow on a disrupting arc. In the description of Berberis OtTawensis Superba also marks the red-brown color of the crust. On the entire surface, it is covered with spikes reaching a length of 0.02 m. For the leaf of shrubs, rounded either inversely-shaped outlines are characterized.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

On average, the sheet size is 0.03-0.05 m in length. The color is brilliant; Dark red or purple foliage retains a spectacular view throughout the growing season. It does not affect even the cultivation of the shade. During the fall, the bush acquires pale reddish or orange colors. Color Canadian Barbaris will be in May. For plant flowers, yellow-red color. They are grouped into a creeping case inflorescence. On 1 inflorescence on average accounts for 9-10 flowers. They differ sweetly, but at the same time unobtrusive aroma.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

At the end of autumn, after passing the early frosts, the fruits of Barbaris lose the characteristic bitter and acidic notes, therefore hurry to harvest undesirable. Barbaris fruits are painted in a juicy scarlet color. For them, the oblong configuration is characterized; Length is 0.8-1 cm. Fruits can hang on the branches. At the same time, despite the weather, they retain a dense structure.

How to plant?

The landing process of Barbaris does not represent difficulties for any prepared gardeners. It is best to do this in the spring or at the beginning of autumn. If you have selected spring time, you will have to follow so that the kidneys do not have time to dissolve. At the same time, it is not necessary to be afraid of the passage of any deadlines – enough to heat up to 15 degrees. In the autumn, the moment is chosen when it remains about 20-27 days before the traditional offensive.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

All other things being equal, the autumn fallout is even preferable. IMPORTANT: Selecting a place for barbaris should be paid special attention. Better, if it is a fully open or a bit shaded platform. It is necessary that the earth is warm and covered with a strong wind. Critical acidity soil. All sections with a hydrogen indicator above 7 must be lime. Otherwise it is not necessary to count on success. To prepare the planting mixture use equal volumes and quantities:

  • turf soil;
  • humus;
  • deciduous crops;
  • peat.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

After mixing fertilizers with soil, the whole mixture is poured with plenty of water. To plant the average size of the Barbaris bush, you need to prepare the landing pit 0.4×0.4 m. When several bushes are planted at once, there should be a gap between them 1.5 m. Better if this gap will be from 2 m. The root neck is placed at the soil level. The roots themselves should be filled with fertile land. Empty can not be left, but also bending the roots is extremely not recommended. When planning to form a living fence, then on 1, the meter is planted at 2 bushes. Otherwise you have to engage in an additional landing or abandoning your design.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

How to care for?

Consider the main points of the correct care for Barbaris.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Watering

Full care for Barbaris implies irrigation of plants once a week. On average, the bush is spent from 5 to 10 liters of water, given the dryness of the soil. Immediately after irrigation, you correct the disturbed muffin layer, if necessary, reproduce it. In front of the wintering watering, watering is produced when 14-20 days remain before frosts. It will be necessary to pour 20 liters of water to 1 plant.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Podkord

If the landing is done correctly, and well-fertilized land is used, additional feeding until the next growing season will not need. Typically, the first feeding is carried out in spring, using urea diluted in water. Per 1 sq. M. The attractive area is consumed 10 liters of fertilizer. Gardeners who refuse such a simple measure will soon discover that Barbaris grows badly, and the shoots themselves do not look too good. Subsequent nitrogen additives are maximum every 4 years.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

In the fall, barberries feed with the calculation of adaptation to winter. At this moment, a mixture is used 0.015 kg of superphosphate and 0.01 kg of sulfur potassium. Before flowering and after its completion, the shrub is made by organic substances. Create and manure and humus. No other requirements for feeding is not presented.

Trimming

Annual haircut, although not binding from a sanitary point, helps to keep the beauty of Barbaris. Thanks to it, the formation of relatively young shoots is accelerated. And already on these shoots, the leaves look more attractive. A side health effect is also noted, and especially it is important if the plant has recently survived a strong stress. Sanitary trimming if the bush is strongly thickened, it is necessary to carry out in the fall, when it remains to strong cold colds. At this moment, the shrub falls into the hibernation and transfers the procedure without problems. Specific deadlines are determined by climate and actual weather. Therefore, in the general case, you can only say about the “plug” from September to November. In the process of trimming must be removed:

  • Too old branches;
  • Dry shoots;
  • All places affected by diseases and pests;
  • densely twisted and prevent each other shoots;
  • All branches, directed deep crowns.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Only well-sharpened scissors are used for work. Each big cut is treated with garden water. Any sliced ​​part must be recycled. Those parts that were injured from diseases or pests must necessarily burn.

Special attention deserves the procedure for trimming barberries, of which they want to make a living fence:

  • It should be started immediately after the flowering of the bush;
  • In the second year, after disembarking, all plants are shortened at 1/2 or 1/3 (depending on the need);
  • The haircut leads one by one common for all bushes the principle, waiting for the closure of neighboring crowns;
  • When the result is achieved, limited by the lifting of the side and upper increase.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Preparation for winter

The shelter of barberry bushes for the winter is required. This procedure is especially relevant in the first 3-4 years. But not everyone knows how to act correctly. The technique is not too complicated:

  • Add mulch so that its layer rose to 0.1 m;
  • tied up shoots with ropes (carefully – any strong push can break them);
  • Next, the bush is completely covered with a cap (old bags, and agricultural, and other modern materials) are suitable;
  • around the perimeter shelter is folded fir legs;
  • With the arrival of winter try to heat up to the bustle of the snow.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Methods of breeding

To multiply barbaris, you can use cuttings. But they extremely slowly form roots. The division of the bush on a part more promising. However, the roots differ in considerable sensitivity. Great risk damage the tender root system. The germination of seeds even in ideal conditions does not exceed 40-45%. Moreover, even if they go up, valuable source properties are not always saved. Shining is bad because it does not allow to achieve the release of rhizomes. These subtleties are not a fatal obstacle during breeding. It is necessary only to take them into account, and then the problems will be able to bypass.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Diseases and pests

Ottava Barbaris satures air to a significant number of phytoncides. Because he himself from nature is resistant to many dangerous factors. However, the risk of infection or aggression of pests still exists. In most cases, plants suffer from tool and spiders. These types of insects are engaged in postponing eggs in autumn. This masonry calmly winters almost always. Prime larvae and caterpillars destroy the foliage and deprive Barbaris of External Attraction. Washing plants helps to cope with weak infection. But use for this purpose one soap solution is inappropriate. The most effective mixture is prepared as follows:

  • diluted 0.4 kg of wood ash in 5 liters of water;
  • boil the resulting solution from 30 to 40 minutes;
  • Flap liquid;
  • bred by water to a volume of 10 liters;
  • Add 0.05 kg of household soap.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

With a significant infection, branded insecticides will have to use. Usually used drugs “Aktellik”, “Bolkla”, “confident” or more traditional carbofos. Important: You should read the instructions in advance and not deviate from it even in trifles. Whatever plant protection tools are used, you need to wear a respirator, gloves and take care of carrying tight clothes covering the whole body.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Prevention of infection requires the use of fungicides. They are used in autumn. 0.5 kg of urea is laid for every 10 liters of water. Important: It is necessary to spray with such a solution. Not one barberry, but all shrubs. Only so you can avoid the emergence and distribution of various ailments. Barberries often suffer from fungal infections. Among them are especially harmful rust and mildew. With the last disease, struggling with the help of “Topaz”, “Vectra”, “Fundazola”. Usually grabs 4-6 treatments. In particularly severe cases, sick plants utilize completely.

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Barbaris Ottavsky "Superb": description, landing and care

Usage in landscape design

Barbaris “Superba” can be decorated even relative to modest plots. Advise him to plant it on the most illuminated places. Then the plant will look brighter and expressive. It is possible to use culture both in single and group landings. It is planted near the curbs and alpine slides, as well as in the format of decorative hedges and in the design of the houses.

On how to properly care for Barbaris Ottavsky “Superba”, see the following video.

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