Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

A bit of history

Georgina is a very common flower, which is found practically on every garden plot. According to some information, the ancient people of Maya chose this plant to decorate their temples and conducting various rites. Another, no less ancient people, Aztecs, used georgin stems as water pipes, and rooted roots they were eaten. In Europe, Georgina was brought from Mexico in 1557, and they were called “Aktil”. For the first time, this plant was investigated from a scientific point of view in 1791 by the director of the Royal Botanical Garden in Madrid Antonio José Kavanilles, who gave the flower a new name – Dahlia (Dahlia Crinita), which in liberty from Latin means “long-haired”.

A few years later, in 1803 the flower received a new name – Georgina (Georgine). He was named after Professor Botany Academy of Sciences St. Petersburg Johann Georgi. This name marked the beginning of the genus, which today has about 15 thousand varieties.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Peculiarities

We will get acquainted closer with the description of this amazing flower. It is believed that the name “Georgin” – male genus. This flower is a herbaceous complex plant relating to the Astrovy family. The flower leaves are simple, located on the pair stem, most often have a cigarette form, are 10-40 cm long; Color – Green or Dark Burgundy. Stems hollow inside, dense outside, depending on the variety in the wild, dahlias can grow to 2.5 m in height.

Distinguish many years and annual varieties of dahlias. At the same time, the latter very recommended novice gardeners because of their beauty and non-duty.

The above-ground part of Georgina at the end of the season is dying, and in a cup of flower seeds (up to 140 pieces per 1 g) are formed, which retain the properties of germination to 3 years.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Advantages and disadvantages

Among the advantages of annual dahlias can be counted following:

  • Annual grade blooms in the first year of planting and blooming much more intense many years of varieties;
  • Long flowering period: from the beginning of summer and to the first serious frosts;
  • Annual flowers breed seeds that do not require special storage conditions in contrast to the tubers of perennial plants;
  • Surrive in any, even the most severe climate;
  • more resistant to various diseases and rot.

The shortcomings of annual few:

  • The flower does not winter, and every year you need to grow a new plant;
  • Seeds of hybrid varieties do not preserve the properties of the parent plant, so in some cases from its own flower seeds will not be exactly the same plant, and it is necessary to buy them in a new way.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Types and varieties

Depending on the size of the stem of the grade of dahlias There are:

  • low or dwarf (15-30 cm high);
  • the average, the height of which is in the range of 50-70 cm;
  • Tall, growing up to 120 cm.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Georgina please eyes with their large beautiful inflorescences. Depending on the variety of plants may have the most different form of the structure of the flower and petals. It is customary to distinguish between the following groups of Georgins.

  • Simple (single-row) – Usually it is the low-spirited flowers with petals located in one layer, the diameter of the hat is about 10 cm.
  • Anemoneovoid – Petals in the middle are shorter than extreme, with dissected tips. Most often these are low grades, not higher than 70 cm.
  • Cactus – grade with terry inflorescences with long pointed petals tubes. The height of the stem near the meter. Inflorescences are bright, very voluminous.
  • Decorative dahlia – The height of the stem is 120 cm, the inflorescences of the right round shape, the petals of terry. Designed mainly for bouquets.
  • Polokaktusovy – Something cross between cactus and decorative. The height of the bushes is 80-150 cm, inflorescences diameter up to 30 cm, the petals are elongated, begin to curl into the tube from the middle of the length.
  • Character – Named so because of the form of inflorescences in the form of balls with dense tubular petals. Bowl diameter 10-20 cm.
  • Pomponny – Very reminiscent of the previous view, the difference is only in size. The inflorescence of the pomponic group is more dense, with a diameter of 5-8 cm.
  • Namneye – in shape resemble a flower of water lily or lotus-nymphi (hence the second name “Lotomoid”). Flat flattening form, texture dense, flowerclosure elongated, height 1 m and higher, so the plant needs a support.
  • Collar Georgina (Cork) – refer to the category of semi-world dahlias. The middle of the inflorescence consists of yellow tubing petals. Extreme petals are longer than the middle, and painted in another color. So the flower seems to be dressed in a kind of collar.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Read more details with some of the most popular varieties.

  • “Funny boys”. This variety is considered short: the height of the adult plant usually does not exceed 30 cm, although in some cases the bush can grow to 60 cm. This variety is named because of its colorful color – seeds for germination form a motley flower bed. This grade does not form the tuber, so it is subject to cut in the first year immediately after flowering. Inflorescence Simple with flat petals and yellow tubular mid. In the discontinuing form, the diameter of the hat is 7-10 cm.
  • “Vasilisa”. The variety belongs to the category of dwarf. This is a plant with a stem with a height of up to 15 cm and large terry flowers. Size of inflorescences 5-7 cm, color may be different. Flowers grade almost before the first snow, suitable for the design of flower, balconies and terraces.
  • “Bambino”. This grade is also considered short and does not grow more than 25 cm. The inflorescences of the terry, 6-7 cm in diameter, the color is different, mostly bright. Plants are used as the bottom tier of the park landscape, decorating garden tracks or decorating summer terraces.
  • “Minion”. Height up to 40 cm, Flowers Simple, 6-9 cm in diameter. The color of the flower is like solitary and two-color. The variety looks great as a border or demarcation of flower.
  • “Collytte Dandy”. This variety refers to the category of collar and is considered the average – plants grow to half a meter, represent a mix of multi-colored colors. Yellow middle surrounded by semi-whale.
  • “Salute” – a dwarf bush with pesting petals, reaches a height of up to 25 cm, decorated with a large (about 8 cm in diameter) by simply inflorescence.
  • “Pompon”. 120 cm height bush has a branched system of stems, decorated with carved leaves and fluffy spherical inflorescences resembling woolen pompon.
  • “Opera”. Plant up to 30 cm high, bulk flower with a small yellow middle with terry petals 7-10 cm in diameter. Coloring colors Single, but diverse: from pale yellow to bright coral.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

How to grow?

As mentioned above, the cultivation of annual dahlias occurs with seeds or seedlings, unlike perennial species whose tubers need to be stored in special conditions. If you prefer to plant flowers seeds, then buy them preferably in specialized stores, choosing well-known manufacturers. Thus, it is possible to reduce the risk of purchasing not that grade. Seen seeds in the open soil follows in the middle of spring, when the soil has already dried and warm well.

If the earth is too cold, the germination of seeds will deteriorate significantly. Before boarding, it is necessary to make the marking of the territory. For low grades between plants, it is necessary to withstand a distance of 25-30 cm, and for tall – 50-70 cm.

Seeds should be put on a depth of about 2-3 cm, pour and sprinkle peat or mulch.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Some gardeners prefer to grow flowers from seedlings. This method is especially good for the northern regions. The optimal time is the beginning of April, since since the first germs before flowering should pass about 2 months. Seeds are laid in separate containers with a soil to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, cheered, watered and covered with film. A few days later the first shoots should appear, and the film can be removed.

Georgic care is not complicated. To formed the right lush bush, the young sprout should be seen. To keep the flowering flowerbed to keep the flowering flower, at the first signs of cooling over the night, it is insulated by observer material. If you plan to save seeds for further reproduction, after fading the flower head does not cut off so that the seeds are tied. After that, they can be collected and dried. Store assembled material in paper packs in a dry place. Planting dahlia better on a sunny, well ventilated place. High varieties should be taped to stalks not broken.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Preparation of soil and landing

To get a good harvest, the soil must be prepared correctly. The optimal composition for planting flowers must contain nutrient soil, sand and humus. Soil can be purchased ready in a flower store, but you can dial in the meadow, preferably in the place where the color of the clover and other herbs. The composition must be 2 parts of the soil and 1 part – humid and sand. A few days before the plant landing, the soil should be disinfected with a warm solution of manganese, and for a greater guarantee – to roll in the oven 2-3.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Watering

Georgina love water, so they need abundant and regular watering. With a dry and hot climate, water to water the plants need daily, as the soil moisture can be gradually reduced.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Podkord

If initially the plant was planted in a nutrient medium, additional feeding is not required. If the ground is poor, it can be fertilized by an organichea from autumn. During the growing season, plants are recommended to feed complex fertilizers – so they will bloom better. After making feed bushes you need to pour.

During flowering, the plant can be filled with phosphorus and potassium.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Fighting diseases and pests

Georgins are most often susceptible to sulfur diseases or brown rot, the pathogen of which is considered pathogenic fungus. The disease can develop if the seedlings are planted too thickly, or there is a stagnation of moisture near the roots. There is a disease in the dryer drying and leaves. As treatment, drugs containing fungicides are used. Place of landing must be treated with lime mortar. Leaves spotted – no less frequent disease, it is expressed in the appearance of yellow and brown spots on the leaves. Cause – bad air circulation and thick landing.

Also, the plant can affect various insects-parasites: WLL, strawberry or chrysanthemate nematodes, vegetable bugs, slugs and other pests. Most often affected areas of the plant are cut, and the flower itself is treated with special drugs.

For example, “Phytoverm”, “Aktara”, and from bedops, it is recommended to use Musepilan or Iskra-M.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Beautiful examples in garden design

A garden that consists of Georgine is called a georgin. It can be decorated in one color scheme, for example, white, pink or yellow. It looks very beautifully a multicolor landing of several varieties with a smooth transition from bright colors to darker. To create a larger effect, the flowers are planted in the form of an ornament or geometric shapes. At the edges of the garden tracks, low varieties are usually planted, and in the depths of the garden – tall plants. It should be borne in mind that low-spirited varieties bloom the first. The higher the grade of Georgin, the later he blooms. Beginner flows are recommended to acquire specially selected sets consisting of a mixture of seeds, selected, taking into account their growth, colors and landing terms.

In addition, dahlias are perfectly combined with other flowers – flocks, viola, carnation. When forming, flower shapes should be taken into account. The most advantageously looks like a bed with a contrast combination.

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

Annual Georgina: Description, varieties, landing and care

The brighter of the color of Georgina, the more bright neighbor, he should be chosen, and vice versa.

In the next video you are waiting for the cultivation of annual dahlias from seeds.

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