Ampel flowers are practically unproduced among decorative plants. Their cultivation is quite difficult compared to the usual. But still the gardeners are important to know how to grow a healthy culture at home, because the ampels are very attractive, and it all explains.
The characteristic feature of ampel colors, distinguishing them from other decorative plants, is revealed already in the title. Ampel from the German language literally translates as “Hanging Flower Vases”. Therefore, it is obvious that they are grown predominantly in the suspended kashpo. Such cultures can also be used in the design of homemade rooms, and in the nursery, and in the improvement of parks, squares, other public places. Part of ampel plants are used as a soil culture.
Review of species
The ideal “candidate” for the garden is petunia. They perfectly fit into the hanging baskets. Sweeting is possible by 0.5 m. Such cultures are in demand in the design of cottages, veranda and even urban streets. Sometimes you can hear about cascading petunias, but it is only an alternative name of ampels.
Such varieties are always unpretentious street plants. They are:
able to survive overheating with the roots of the sun;
withstand rare watering even in a dry period;
form dense powerful thickets;
bloom for several months in a row.
Beginner flowers are better to navigate the F1 series hybrids. They are still hardy and can even transfer pretty random care.
Typically, successful cultivation is guaranteed while reducing the temperature to + 10 degrees. Culture is great as a continuously growing flower. To this end, it will have to bring it home late fall, and in the spring again send to the street and plant in fresh soil.
On the street can be grown and syrup. Strictly speaking, biologically, this is the same petunia, only derived from the aesthetic characteristics into a special group. Such cultures appeared at the beginning of the XXI century. And almost immediately they were recognized as excellent filling for the garden, resistant to rain and other non-weather. Surfinia quickly raises and gives a mass of lateral shoots.
It is characterized by increased abundance of flowering. The rate of development as a whole also inspires respect – only 45-60 days is spent on laying a lush bush and prepare it for flowering. What is interesting is not necessary to form auration – it develops in an optimal way in itself.
Be sure to remove the sworded weaves, otherwise the seeds will not appear.
Other attractive ampel colors are distinguished by Pelargonium. However, the overwhelming majority of domestic flower flower, it is more known as geranium. The huge popularity of Pelargonium is associated with exceptional ease of care and impressive spectrum of varieties. About 250 types of geranium. The number of varieties at least an order of magnitude more. Zonal species have unique circles on the leaves.
Circle coloring changes greatly, varies and saturation of the primary color. Inflorescences also differ in the intensity of color. Often you can see:
Scarlet and other inflorescences.
No less attractive view can have the Royal Pelargonium. This group of plants is divided into a whole hundred varieties, and according to a number of specialists, there are even more. Characterized by the formation of large (individual varieties – larger than 0.07 m) inflorescences. The leaves have a rounded shape and slightly sharpen around the edges. But it must be borne in mind that such a culture presents very high demands on the content.
Plush and fragrant geranium deserve attention. In the second group, aromas can vary very much. Associations with oranges and tangerines, with nutmeg, apple, pineapple, many other fruits and spicy herbs. Unfortunately, fragrant pelargonium can not boast of very large inflorescences. Any variety and view of this culture is quite racks to the heat and drought.
Picking up hanging plants for kashpo, do not forget and dichondra. This evergreen perennik belong to the binding family. In addition to the Bindwee, Ipomoy and CaliShegia are considered his closest relatives. Literal name is associated with an ancient Greek word denoting “two grains”. Fruits dichondra and in fact resemble a capsule of two cameras.
There are 10 species in the genus Dichondra. They populate subtropical and tropical areas of the globe. In the culture, the plant has become relatively recently, but almost immediately appreciated. Dichondra grow perfectly in the sun, and with light shading, and in deep shadow. Preferred soil – drained loam with a slight acidic indicator.
Ampel dichondra in height does not exceed 0.15 m. ZATO Length of shoots can reach 1-1.5 m. Flowering falls on the last month of spring and for all summer. Typical pollinators – small insects. Dichondra leaves are distinguished by a pomp and have a round shape.
Among ampel plants with red flowers, Verbena occupies very good position. This culture is characterized by minimal demanding on the content conditions and looks very good. It blooms for a long time and with a timely breakdown of faded buds will remain beautiful up to the coldest. For most of our country, Verbena turns out to be annual culture. The overwhelming majority of its varieties are cultivated from seeds.
Verbena can be grown in any garden corner. It is suitable for decorating the territory remaining after empty-flowers. But it will be more beautiful to other bushes developing on thoroughly illuminated land. Foliage and buds are long resisting fading even under the right sunlight. Sometimes Verbena is grown in porridge and vases, which is facilitated by the compactness of the root system of the plant.
A good alternative can perform caliberoa. This culture looks like a powerful ball of bell-shaped flowers, placed over the entire surface of the bush. She decorate not only gardens, but also long galleries. CalibaHoa is becoming an increasingly frequent guest in balconies and window sills. Flowers are so much that counting them is extremely tedious. The flowers in this plant differ in pronounced inhomogeneous color, and, what is curious, transitions between two colors are very cutting.
Another attractive amplula flower – Impatience. It is difficult to call some new kind, but the use of culture in domestic gardening and flower growing well worked. More known impattiens under the names of “Balzamin” and “Ladut”. About 500 species are listed in this. For them everyone is characterized by fleshy foliage of a solid structure having a purely green or red-green.
Impatienses occurs in almost the entire moderate zone of the northern hemisphere, even on both sides of the Atlantic. Fruits are distinguished by juice and stretched in length. For each gram of mass of fruits accounts for about 100 seeds.
Although the lack needs decent lighting, very bright light can damage her. For the summer, culture advise slightly.
Depending accurately deserves attention. It is actively used to decorate balconies and terraces. Practiced Diassic landing in:
Pots of the usual type.
This species has also soil grades. The length of the stalks ranges from 0.25 to 0.6 m. An unusual form of flowers – it is extremely rare to meet three-dollar tubular perisheries. The flower diameter is approximately 0.02 m. But the total number of these flowers at the peak of flowering is huge, and the color is very different.
Like other southern crops, diasitia must be planted on lit areas. Plant needs frequent abundant watering. Excessive substrate fertility can destructively affect the flower. Wintering in open earth is impossible. Even the shelter does not allow to keep the whole puff of flowering for the next year.
Both annual and perennial varieties have a Viola. In this family, the violet family has, according to various sources, from 400 to 700 species. Castle plant areas of temperate climate. The demanding culture is small, and even inexperienced flowers will be disintended. The height of the Viola is small – usually 0.15-0.3 m.
Bush ampel form can reach 0.5 m. The reproduction of both seeds and cuttings. Flowering can continue until the cold. Intensive lighting will only hurt because it will accelerate the end of this period.
It is best to maintain an average temperature – 15 degrees.
Complete the review of species of ampel plant plants is quite appropriate on begonia. They occur from mountainous areas of wet subtropics. Meet perennial and annual, grassy and bush forms of begonia. But the general features of the family are invariably, the asymmetric form of leaves and the one-bed structure of flowers. Sometimes hemonia is grown at home, but she needs a rest period.
Hoya is perfect for home well. This name refers to evergreen shrubs and lianam. In everyday life of the plants are called wax ivy. Young shoots of Hoya invariably deprived of foliage. Young vine painted in purple color. Characteristic features of the species are gradual decoration of escapes and an umbrella structure of inflorescences. There are both monochrome and two-color Hoya.
Another attractive option for the balcony in the apartment – Fuchsia. This representative of the Cylet family is characterized by the opposition of foliage. Different types of fuchsi may have a green or light reddish tint. Fuccia is found with gear leaves. Coloring is very diverse, which will delight flowerfields and lovers of aesthetics.
At home quite often use and Ampel forms of jasmine. It is typical of thin, gradually flawed by the bottom. Flowers are grouped into inflorescences, similar in shape on the shield. Most often found:
Pretty in demand and perennial grassy spatter. Its everyday name – coral moss. Characteristic juicy green leaves of oval shape. Inflorescences are placed singing. Flowers have white petals and tips of greenish color; Nerder decoration is its elegant berries.
Fans of exotic immediately pay attention to ampel succulents. Ripzalis, he is a twitch, – the genus, numbering over 50 varieties. Characteristic features of culture are:
abundant formation of branches;
air roots on shoots;
Full absence of spiny.
It is good and a tradescania. In this family, there is also a lot of species. Clevish shoots are easily rooted on the surface of the earth. Decorative effect creates foliage. Only occasionally there are one-photon plants – species of species that have 2 or 3 main shades.
You can also think about growing:
Favorable content conditions
Whatever ampel plant is used, it is necessary to correctly grow it. Almost all such cultures are distinguished by the elongation of shoots. They will be either hung on a support, or climb on her due to the mustache. Other ampel cultures require that shoots could hang freely under their own weight or even get out of the ground. Approach to each type of plants is strictly individual.
Petunia moves bad weather well and speaks perfectly on pinching. She can survive drought, but very high demands for soil fertility. Be sure to use in the preparation of the planting mixture by humus and peat.
Other lobelia case – she will not survive the sinking and direct sunlight. But on partially shaded areas, this plant feels great. In the hot periods it should be shed and spray from the sprayer.
In any case, the ampels need strictly dosed water consumption. Fluid stagnation in a vessel can provoke rotting root system and the development of pathological microbes.
Be sure to provide a thick layer for drainage.
Watering ampels best organize with leeks with elongated curved nap. Spraying in the winter should be made more often than the usual – only so you can compensate for excess dry air. Electrical humidifiers will be not bad assistants.
Plants advise periodically to deploy to avoid asymmetry crown.
In the rapid growth phase, systematically organic and mineral feeding are used (they need to be made every 2 weeks at least).
Choosing a pot
From the point of view of beauty, the best choice is considered to use hanging baskets. Such tanks are appropriate almost everywhere:
on the walls of houses;
At the entrance doors in the dwelling.
Such adaptations will also help in the design of the courtyard or a stylized lantern.
Exterior window sills of houses are usually made up narrow oblong boxes. Pelargonium in the winter is not held in containers, but in the most ordinary pots. Another good way to present ampel plants – these are outdoor containers.
Single worse are suspended plastic containers with hooks. Biologically, they are quite suitable for ampels, but it is impossible to expect that the plant will form a continuous bulk balloon.
Much wider workshops open the use of steel wire baskets. They are easily covered with a plant from all sides and do not spoil the species. Can be used as a sphagnum moss as a filler, but you will have to pour water very often – too fast he is silent. If this lack is critical, it is worth using a disk type filler from flexible foam or compressed coconut fibers.
Any ampel plant will inevitably push the shoots and wither flowers. These talked parties will have to remove immediately. It is recommended to combine pruning with watering. In such plants as Verbena and Geranium, inflorescences are shreddied by a secateur once every 3-4 days.
It is possible to achieve a more accurate appearance by cutting a plant under the bottom of the leaves after the bloomon.
Special support is needed for the branches of the brassy cultures. Otherwise, they can germinate in the land that will be relying or hang out. Curly annual plants refrease with sticks. A more durable and more accurately economical option – the use of the grid “Rabits”.
IMPORTANT: Wires should have large cells, otherwise the meaning in such a support disappears.
Useful to take into account some more recommendations:
Plants in the suspended baskets are advised to water in the morning, and feed – in the evenings;
Be sure to avoid the convergence, even if some kind of water loves;
Once at 14 days should be mixed up to water a little liquid complex fertilizer;
At departure for 1-2 days in the hot season of capacity with ampels, they are removed and put in the shadow, placing them in advance in a bucket with water filled almost to the top.
More useful information about ampels in video.