Maple Dlanidoid – this is a plant that does not look quite like the classic and habitual outdoor maple. The birthplace of this plant is Japan, and this means that culture is quite originally. If there is a desire to grow it in your own garden, it is better to know everything in advance all the features of the tree.
Dlanid (fan) maple got its name due to the unusual form of leaves. Something they resemble palms, and in Japan, they are called “frughed legs”. If we talk about Russian, then you can remember the word “garbage” – this is an outdated name of the palm. That is why Maple with such foliage and called the Dlanoid.
Culture is a shrub or a small tree, often it can be found in the woods and undergrings. It does not differ in growth: the average height of the plant varies within 6-10 meters, but individual varieties can grow above. The trunk is usually smooth, but as it grows it, contributing to the formation of a round crown. With the age of Crown begins to resemble a tent.
Feature of culture – foliage of unusual forms. All varieties are different, but in any case it will be like a palm with floatful fingers. The number of finger-shaped processes – 5-9, they all narrow to the tip. Dlanida maple blooms in the end of spring, at the end of flowering the fruits are formed. They represent the winters, so that the wind can break the seeds for a long distance.
Overview of the best varieties
Today, about 1000 Maple varieties are known, and the complexity in their classification is caused by natural culture variability. Plants from one parent may well look different: distinguished by the growth, shape of the leaves, painting, type of crown. Therefore, even experienced gardeners can not always immediately determine what is before them for the plant. Let’s try to figure out some features of popular varieties.
Pretty large palmitic grade, can be represented as a shrub and a tree. Grows slowly, with age more width than height. Crohn looks like a bowl or umbrella, leaves have from 5 to 9 “fingers”. In the first years of life, the foliage has a rich red tone, but later darkens. The root system is powerful, but the plant is demanding to soil.
Height can be different – from 3 to 5 meters.
This variety is a real mix of different types of maple. For example, Red Emperor is a small plant in the shape of a shrub or tree, width and height approximately equal – 3 or 4 meters. In the autumn months, bright red foliage, in the summer dark.
The leaves of the variety Red Wine, indeed, the color resembles the red wine. Krone has a pyramidal variety, but maybe oval. Height – about 6 meters.
One of the most exotic subspecies of the “Red” variety – Red blush. This is a very beautiful tree that can become an emphasis of the whole garden. Grows up to 10 meters, has an openwork crown. Red leaves, but with orange tint. In the middle there is a number of green streaks, which gives an additional effectary contrast.
A low, sophisticated village to 3 meters in growth – the dream of many gardeners. Spring blooms with pink leaves, made of yellow streaks. In the summer green, and the luxurious crimson color is acquired by autumn. Krone is distributed in width to 2 meters.
Culture is very winter-hardy, can carry strong frosts.
This grade grows up to 4 meters, has a beautiful crown with openwork palpses. The color of the leaves – burgundy-red, however, by the autumn Crown becomes incredibly bright, already outlined attracting glances. Fruits also have a red color, but in the fall begin to silver, thanks to which the tree looks elegant at any time of the year.
This variety also has a good winter hardiness.
There are some more interesting varieties worthy of consideration.
Dwarf variety with high decorative qualities. It grows no above one and a half meters, the leaves are seminal, in the summer they have a dark red shade, closer to the autumn they are cast by purple. Crown width – a maximum of 2.5 meters.
One of the most beautiful varieties. The leaves of the bright red color look like fan, the crown has an umbrella form. Purple inflorescences. The plant reaches a height of 4 meters, the crown in diameter is 2.5 m.
This is a leafy shrub tall up to 3 meters. It looks rather unusual. Green bark brightly contrasts with leaves. In the spring they are yellow, then change their color to a salad. Fall yellow again, casting sand and gold.
To this category varieties include several trees at once. Most Popular – Dissectum Nigrum and Disectum Ornatum. The first subspecies grows up to only 2 meters, has a lush purple crown. The second will be slightly higher – up to 3 meters. Crown Bright, Red-Orange.
Almost all year round retains Aluu foliage, so suitable for owners who want to contemplate the beauty of the site at any time and any season. Can grow up to 6 meters.
Best for landing to buy a ready-made seedling. Purchase such copies is in proven nurseries, ready to provide the necessary documents. When buying, check the seedling on the subject of rot and diseases. It is important that he was with an earthen room.
Sizza Maple Dlanted early autumn or in the middle of spring. The main thing is that the soil is not cold. The plot should not be shaded. Landing takes place in several stages:
A pit is digging in the ground, it should be done by 40 cm wider than the container in which the maple was bought;
The bottom of the wells falls asleep by the 15-centimeter layer of drainage (it is best to take rubble);
2 pieces of humidity and peat takes, mixed with 1 part of the sand, half falls asleep in the pumpe;
The seedling is located in the middle, the roots are packed, the root neck is slightly raised;
The seedling falls asleep ground, poured 10 liters of water;
As soon as water is absorbed, another 10 liters fill.
Secrets of care
Growing of the prone maple – not too simple task. After all, such plants are accustomed to other conditions, and not all of them are easy to sit in a more severe climate. The task of the gardener in this case – to ensure the most correct care. Important aspects of several.
In the first 30 days after the maple landing, every week. In the autumn-spring period will be enough time in 14 days, In summer, water is served every week 1 time, with a strong heat – twice.
Fertilize maple needed annually, it is done in the spring. There should be no special difficulties: It is necessary to just buy a comprehensive fertilizer for Japanese maples and prepare it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
More maple speaks well on solutions of organic feeding.
The nearby tree circle is rarely frozen: just 2 times a year. At the same time you can make a mulch. And it is necessarily stacked for the winter. Besides, It is required to regularly remove weeds growing near the tree.
In most cases, pruning with dust-shaped maples is not required, since these trees themselves form their crown. Cropped only dried leaves, as well as branches that interfer the normal passage of air or hanging up to the ground.
Only in rare cases, pruning is carried out in order to improve the shape of the crown.
Preparation for winter
This is a very important point that can not be overlooked. At the beginning of autumn stop loosening to prevent fresh shoots. The foliage is immediately removed. Then covered with a tree with any observer material. If winter is too harsh, and you suspect that the plant will not survive them, it is better to initially grow maple in the tub, so that it is possible to put it in the winter.
Maple Dlanidoid breeds seed method. Sowing material is collected in autumn as soon as it completely matures. It is then desirable to stratify it, holding a couple of months in the refrigerator, but many do and without it. Having finished with the preparation, they choose small capacity and fill their soil. The ground is watered, and then lay down on its surface seeds, slightly indent. Tar is covered with glass or film, put in a well-lit place.
Daily shelter needs to be removed so that the containers are ventilated. Moisturize the soil recommended using a spray gun. When the first sprouts appear, the shelter can be removed. The next stage is a dive, it is carried out when at least 2 sheets will be at the spicker. Plants are cleared at different tanks, and now it remains only to wait for the heights of 30 cm. Such seedlings will be ready for landing in open ground.
Diseases and pests
Dlanoid maple is well opposed to diseases, but if the tree is contained in the wrong conditions, it will be sick. The most common several types of illnesses.
Changing the color of leaves, stains. If dark spots appeared on the foliage, then such a maple will quickly lose a decorative look. Spots cause some kinds of fungi, to fight with which can be borodovka mixture or fungicides. If foliage turns around the edges and dries, it is recommended to revise watering mode.
Anthracnose. Fungal disease, also causes the color of the leaves. Foliage falls quickly, the tree weakens. Fight with fungicides.
Verticillese fading. One of the most dangerous diseases because it is able to quickly destroy culture. The defeat begins in the root system, then goes to branches and leaves. The latter dry and brown, quickly fall. No treatment, we will only have to destroy the tree.
Puffy dew. Common illness, it is easy to find out on the appearance of a blessed foliage. Fungicides are treated.
As for pests, the following insects can contribute to the weakening of maple:
Maple Mute Cherver;
All these insects can be destroyed as folk methods (for example, a solution of soap, tobacco, garlic) and complex insecticides. If the colony of pests rummaged, it is recommended to immediately use insecticides.
To make a tree as less as possible, and also not affected by parasites, prophylactic measures must be carried out in a timely manner, as well as ensure that the right conditions remain on the site.
Here is a small list of recommendations:
Do not dilute with irrigation, because the fungus may well appear from excess of moisture;
Trees should be planted at a distance of at least 4 meters from each other, otherwise the influx of oxygen will be disturbed;
fallen leaves should be immediately removed – this is an excellent environment for bacteria and viruses;
The affected and emerged trees are forbidden to burn in the plots, as the disputes of fungi are spread by the wind;
If there were cases of mushroom diseases in other cultures or maple precursors, then plants need to be treated with burgundy fluid in the first month of spring.
Application in landscape design
Dlanid maple will be a real find for those who are already tired of the familiar eye of cultures. This plant is used completely differently. Most often this is a soliter landing at which the maple becomes an accent of the site. The most successful choice will be varieties with bright red leaves. They degenerate not only Japanese-style gardens, but also any other well-kept sites.
In addition, fan maples are often used to create spectacular shady alley. High varieties are suitable for long paths, if the task is to turn a short track, then a good solution will be dwarf varieties of maple. They can be successfully combined with coniferous low-spirited crops, decorative green plantings in the shape of a ball.
Draid maples are widely used and when creating mixtures. This culture is combined with many types of plants and colors. She will be amazing to look in the company Barbaris, Magnolia, Lilac. Especially interesting compositions are obtained when the designer plays on the contrast method. For example, maple with carmine leaves landed among snow-white, blue or purple colors.
Another design option – maple landing in a large decorative tub. Capacities with plants can be placed on the desired areas of the garden or before entering the house. If you wish, they will easily move, changing the design. And also the maples in the tubs beautifully look near the artificial reservoirs, reflecting in the water and creating an indescribable game of light.
About how to carefully care for Japanese Clean, you can learn from the video below.