Lipa – a beautiful and unpretentious tree growing both singly and with other trees. It is especially good during flowering. It is found in almost every region of Russia. Best grows linden mellite.
Linden mellite (on Tilia Cordata Latin) has about 45 varnods. She has a second name – “Lipa heart-shaped”.
The birthplace of the plant is considered Caucasus and Europe. Culture has not only decorative, but also medicinal properties.
Very resistant tree, able to live not one hundred years, while keeping the crown thickness. The life form of linden is a tree, the diameter of the crown of which reaches 19 m, and the height is 30 m. Crown has a tough shape. Dark green leaves, heart-shaped, pointed, gear. Each sheet is not more than 4 cm. Flowers yellow-white small inflorescences from late June to early July about 2 weeks, fruits ripen in August or in September.
The root LIPE system is very developed, urine. It is the root system that gives a tree nutrition and moisture. Lipa is growing almost on all types of soil, but prefers good fertilized soil. The thickness of the crown and beauty of the tree as a whole directly depends on what soil it grows.
The trunk is covered with dark gray bark, thin and smooth in young trees. On the old trees, the bark is rude, thickened, covered with cracks. Anatomical structure is a white wood that has a pink or reddish hue. On the cuts you can see the annual layers that weakly differ. The difference between the core rays is visible to the naked eye. Wood is easy to process, it is good to use it for crafts.
For the first few years, culture grows pretty slow. After about 5 years, the growth rate increases. Lipa is growing not only in wild conditions, it is very good for decorative landing. In this case, a small-scale lip was used on a strain – a tree with a pyramidal crown, which can be easily given any form, for example, a ball or cube.
Lipa-shaped linden occupies an area extending from Europe and Southeast Asia to the north-American mainland.
Lipa heart-shaped – common culture in Russia (even behind the Urals and in Siberia, since it is not so demanding to conditions like other cultures), in the Caucasus, in Spain, Italy, Norway and in many other countries and regions.
Good lucky in the forests, especially often found in Bashkiria, in the Crimea and the Middle Volga region.
Can adapt almost to any conditions. Lipa loves fertile soil, especially well develops on moistened nutritional soils. Easily tolerates any weather conditions – and frosts, and drought periods, but it grows better in warm areas with high humidity.
Currently, there are many diverse varieties of linden mellite, which carries out in the city, is not afraid of bad weather and is an excellent honey.
A tree with a thick ball-like crown, which over the years can become 6-8 m in diameter. The height usually does not exceed 5 m and directly depends on the stan. Heart-shaped leaves, have dark green color, they are smaller than other varieties.
In the fall painted in a beautiful yellow color, making a tree more attractive.
Can adapt to any conditions, but prefers a fertilous and moistened soil. Do not love drought. It is best to plant a plant on a well-lit place and provide additional irrigation – then the crown will be beautiful and symmetrical. Every 5 years, culture is recommended to trim.
Plant reaching 20 m in height and 12 m wide. Has a branched, oval shape of the crown, which upstairs ends with a spire. This variety is very popular in Europe. It is often found as a living hedge, and also used for landscaping. Squares and parks. Unpretentious, grows well on any soils, is characterized by shades. Suitable for landing in big cities.
Linden grade with thick but compact bone oval shape. It is very easy to cut, suitable for creating a garden, which practically does not require care. It will look good in allery landings. Small trees of the same height and a crown of one form in the row will be spectacular to look.
Is also suitable for landing on a narrow street or in a small yard. The tree takes a little space and does not fall completely yard to his crown.
Tree with orange shoots that are very brightly highlighted in winter. Crown dense, pyramidal, but over time it becomes rounded. Rights rapidly and in height reaches up to 20 m. Blooming blossom at the end of June or in early July with small yellow-white flowers with a pronounced aroma. Fruits – small nuts, ripen in August or in September. He is excellent honeycomb.
The variety is unpretentious to the soil, but best develops on fresh and fertile loams. In urban conditions, too good. Easily succumb to cropping. If you need a decorative form, it is recommended to cut a tree every winter.
Suitable for creating alive hedges, as well as for the formation of Alley. It will be equally good to look in single, and in group landings. It is often used when landscaping urban and school courtyards and parks, sitting around the playgrounds, as well as medical institutions. It’s well tolerate even the frosty winter.
A small tree with a compact crown, reaching 12 m in height. Suitable for small summer cottages and gardens – everywhere, where a big tree is impossible to plant. Differs with bright green shiny leaves. Begins to bloom and fruit in 5-8 years. It depends on the conditions in which the tree grows.
It blooms very abundant, is the best honeymoon of all varieties. The variety is demanding of the quality of the soil. Does not grow on raw and sandy soils. It is best to plant it in a well-lit place where the possibility of additional irrigation will also be.
There is another variety of linden mellite – bush. This is a mixture of a mellular and largest linden, which has the properties of both species. It grows much faster and begins to bloom much earlier than other varieties. She has a pretty splashing branch, which gives a thick crown a beautiful form.
Blossom starts in May, many small inflorescences appear. Considered the best honey. It is equally good and when landscaping large areas, and for decorating private gardens, and to create landscaped compositions.
Landing and care
For planting seedlings, you need to make a hole with a diameter and a depth of at least 50 cm. The bottom of the drainage layer is embanked, which can be used crushed stone, pebbles or broken brick. Then put a layer of mixed with superphosphate humoring. After that, a seedlock is placed in the prepared soil and falling asleep by the turf, humus and sand.
When landing, it is desirable to arrange the root neck at the soil level, but not critical if it is slightly lower.
After that, the seedlove needs regular watering and feeding nitrogen fertilizers at least 3 times in the season for 2 years. In the first winter it is better to make a shelter so that the tree does not die.
I need to plant a lip, given her attitude towards the light – it is shadowed, but light-loving and better develops on well-lit places. It is important and how the tree refers to moisture, namely prefers moderate moisture.
A few years after landing, Lipa no longer requires special care, but still it is worth complying with some rules so that the tree decorate the site for many years.
- For the second year after landing, you can start trimming the crown for its formation, as well as under sanitation. The first time it is better to do the early spring, before the kidneys dissolve and new shoots will appear. If the crown has grown very much, you can cut a little in the fall.
- Adult trees do not need a constant feeding, but a couple of times in the season it will be odd.
- Watering trees is also not required, except during a strong drought.
- For winter, the lipa must be meditated with peat, sawdust and fallen leaves.
- Each spring is recommended to carry out treatment in order to prevent diseases and prevent pests.
Methods of breeding
There are several ways of reproduction of linden mellite.
- Disembarking seeds. This is a very long way, this process can take up to 10 years. First collect seeds and put them for half a year in place with a temperature of no more than 0 ° and high humidity. Instead of soil take sawdust or sand. Seeds can not take immediately, but only on the second or third year. Shoots need every day to water and prevent the appearance of weeds. In winter, they are covered.
- Using the root row. It is necessary to find an old tree that grows in a slightly excluded place. From its roots grow new shoots. It is better to choose seedlings that are not less than 2 years old. In the spring, when the street is wet, you need to pick up the main root and after that all summer care for the piglet – water, fertilize and loose soil, and fall to the right place.
- Way of chain. Rather unusual but common way. Young tree must be cut down and wait when new sprouts will appear on the stump. After that, the young branch be flexed and fixed in the ground so that the end of it leaves the ground. In the summer you need to regree. Usually the third year on this seal will appear roots. They need to be carefully separated and transplanting a young plant.
- The easiest way to buy (or dig) and plant seedlings. With proper care, the tree is perfect.
Diseases and pests
Like any other culture, Lipa is subject to attack insect pests, especially when the tree is not growing alone, but in the Alley.
- The most dangerous and frequently found enemy of Linden is a shield that can be easily taken for falling on a tree bark. Females lay eggs, and when the larvae hatch, the branches begin to die, and the leaves and the fruits be premature. The shield is also dangerous by the fact that it distinguishes a medical dew, which contributes to the development of a sage fungus, very harmful to linden.
- Another dangerous pest is a gallic tick, which in reproduction covers the leaves with red spikes, of which new ticks appear, feeding the contents of the kidneys, which leads to deformation and death of shoots.
- Many varieties of butterflies are very often attacked on the lip, which also multiply on the leaves, and hatched caterpillars devour them, entangle the web and cause such diseases like malievous dew.
Also young, and old trees are periodically subjected to various diseases, such as:
- White marble rot;
All these diseases are provoked by parasitic mushrooms and affect not only branches and leaves, but also a trunk of a tree. The plant affected by the rotor is doomed to death, and can also infect the growing near the culture.
Fighting with pests and diseases helps spraying trees insecticidal agents. This is pretty difficult, as insects are more often inhabited on top of the crown, it is very difficult to get to which the motor sprayer is very difficult, since the manual sprayer will not cope with the processing of the whole crown. Good alternative can serve special injection.
What is different from the largest linden?
The main difference in the mellular and largest linden is the size. Large reaches 40 m in height, and its leaves are of size up to 14 cm. Dismissed later mellite, about 2 weeks. Its flowers are much larger than that of the heart-shaped, but in the amount of them less (no more than 5). Largest is not so frozen resistant, but it takes better drought.
Application in landscape design
Lipa heart-shaped not only is used as a medicinal plant and as a honey, but also got the spread of landscape design. Ideal in your form, it is easily trimming, beautifully flowers, filling the air with the aroma of his small inflorescences. Suitable for the formation of alley, parks and living hedges. In this case, the trees are strigut equally. Thick crown easily turns into a dense fence. Tripped Lipa holds the form that she gave her.
Lipa perfectly gets along with other types of trees and shrubs, which allows you to create unique landscape compositions. You can implement a group landing and focus on the lipa, and it is possible, on the contrary, to pay it the effectiveness of other cultures. Especially harmoniously combined with coniferous trees. Mixing paints will look great on any territory.
On the household plot, the Lipa is recommended to plant from a leeward side if you want to hear her fragrance during flowering.
Lipa – a unique culture that will be the perfect decoration of any plot. With minimal care, it will serve as a source of shadow, and therapeutic agent, and element of landscape design.
How to plant and grow a lipa, look in the video.