Know everything about lawns about what it is important to any owner of the country (and not only). To achieve a good result, it is necessary to study such species as universal and meadow lawns, their other types, decide which better to plant. But even the most beautiful decorative green lawns need careful care and this topic is also required to carefully explore.
What it is?
It is worth noting that the term “lawn” is used not only by gardeners, architects, designers and ordinary people. It is mentioned even in road rules. But there it does not have a clear definition and applies only to the gap separating the roadway from the sidewalk. In encyclopedias and dictionaries, attention is focused on such properties as a specially prepared herbal coating, subjected to a haircut according to a special scheme. Legal norms in individual regions suggest that bushes, trees and elements of the park landscape can be on the lawn (but it is not necessary).
As for herbaceous lawns, they can protrude as a background for decorative landing and park buildings, objects. These are precisely these moments in Guest 28329-89, dedicated to the landscaping of settlements.
A short haircut of grass on the site was popular in Europe in the XVIII century. At the beginning of the next century, she began to be considered the subject of luxury in North America.
The ability to use a plot of land not for everyday needs had only secured people, and they tried to demonstrate their status.
Later lawns were interested in the city’s authorities and people with average. Already by the middle of the twentieth century, they became a full element of everyday life in almost all states. From a decorative point of view, the benefits of lawn is undoubted. However, with poor-quality care, these decorations of the territory are rapidly degraded and can lose their appearance. Lawns are also threatened by uncontrollable walking animals, lacking for construction, and still wash the soil, its wind erosion or the inaptation of grass.
Developed various methods of the formation of a lawn platform. Most often, the seeds of perennial herbs are used for this purpose, which can plant in a traditional way or hydropower. You can also put the finished rolled lawn or bring the Earth’s cut from another place, immediately containing roots and seeds. It is worth noting that lawns are inferior to natural dissemination for a number of parameters. For example, due to them, biodiversity is reduced, which is especially noticeable outside the city with a significant amount of sowing.
Monocultural landings can displace local species. This adversely affects the animal world. Regular haircut of lawns, cleaning of deciduous pouring brings considerable damage to trees. The suppression of natural herbicides threatens the health of people living nearby, and herbicides themselves can clog outdoor reservoirs and underground aquifers. Still worth noting:
- reduction of oxygen release compared with natural dissemination;
- the complexity and high cost of organizing the sowing and care;
- the need to use lawn mowers (noise, gasoline combustion products);
- The demanding of the majority of lawn grass to lighting and humidification, low suitability for shady and dry sections.
Review of species
And yet, even objective flaws of lawn plantations do not mean that they need to refuse. On the contrary, it takes carefully to study the features of specific species of such plant scenery. Parter’s lawns Many people consider the most decorative option. The most important task is to decorate and emphasize the main parts of the garden, primarily fountains, sculptures and water bodies. On the parter lawn, a juicy herbal cover is invariably formed, growing from the beginning of spring up to the arrival of frosts.
Herbs should form a homogeneous layer. The use of decorative plants with a perennial development cycle, giving thin elegant stems and narrowed leaves, intensively worn. The aesthetic perfection of the parter lawn has already rated enough long ago. It was he who was used in many vintage manors.
Today, a handsome parter lawn is used in memorial parks, in historical centers of cities, near administrative buildings.
But it is worth noting a number of minuses:
- According to parter laws, it is impossible to continuously and actively walk;
- It is difficult to care for them;
- the cost of arrangement of such green corners and their maintenance is fine enough;
- Any mixture for the parter lawn is slowly growing, and the growing culture occurs for too long;
- Ensure the same effect that on the front photo, it is possible only after thorough preparation of the Earth.
That is how officially called well-known garden lawns are called. It is almost universal format. It can be found in the parks, leisure zones, at dachas and on the lawns near houses. Sometimes such landings do even along the automotive and railways. However, this is not entirely true – for such purposes you need another coating. Good gardening lawn resistant to mechanical stress. You can safely walk on it, running, sports games or just lying. Another important requirement is resistance to shadow, to drought and other negative factors.
Selection of herbal mixture is quite complicated. But at the skillful work, almost the same aesthetic perfection is achieved, as in the parter lawn.
In this embodiment, cereals are used. But the essential value of flowering cultures. Moorish lawn literally attracts insect pollinators. It is also valued for minimal care and impressive variety of colors. Quantitatively dominate the cereal herbs, providing the displacement of weary species.
Of course, no patterned scheme should be. Have to pick up plants according to a specific situation. Describing the Moorish lawn as a whole, it should be emphasized:
- spectacular appearance;
- the ability to restrict the haircut every 6 months;
- suitability for any courtyards and gardens, their individual zones;
- high demanding to moisturizing (but in a number of modern options, this problem is mitigated);
- The fact that along with the butterflies on the site will fly bumblebees, bees, and sometimes even wasps.
Obviously, for such a plot, herbs need, stand-ending pulling. But from the use of sustainable wild plants has long been refused. Much more often apply specially derived varieties with improved properties. It is worth noting that artificial sites are usually trying for serious sports competitions. They are much more stable even under the most adverse conditions.
Artificial coating has another advantage – it is enough just to care for him. The composition of the grown herbs should be adapted to the sport of sports that plan to engage. Differences concern also disembarking density. For example, on football lawns, the same grass concentration is inexpedient across the area. It usually reaches the maximum values near the gate, where the players act more often and more actively.
Special coating in the form of a roll is completely ready for use herbal mat. Apply easy and this is the fastest way to create a grassy platform – much more prompt than even the use of carefully selected fast-growing crops. Advanced roll samples have well-developed roots, which simplifies the development. Professional agrotechnics without problems will select the exact schedule of work and the scheme for the preparation of a rolled lawn. It is worth noting that it is universal and can be applied to:
- sports games;
- physical education;
- Taking sunbathing.
Typical rolled lawns:
- We need a sun or a half (are not suitable for deeply shaded sites);
- have a saturated green color;
- differ velvety and soft surface;
- It is not bad to experience cold seasons;
- Created with a flow rate of 0.04 kg per 1 m2.
Meadow lawn is usually formed in a bundle with already present grass. The combinations of cereals are affixed to him, carefully selecting them in accordance with the conditions of cultivation. Meadow lawns are closest to wildlife in its original state. The use as the basis of natural herb is the most promising not in the urban environment, but on extensive country sites, sometimes in parks. The fact is that from scratch completely artificial lawn is very difficult and expensive, therefore go on a compromise.
In meadow lawns, use herbs with a rigid stem. This type of decorative sites can be broken even in territories with low ground fertility. In this case, the cultures that give moderate growth are chosen. Otherwise, by the middle of summer, all harmony will be broken.
In cultural meadows, uneven haircut is allowed, and therefore different height of plants.
Separately, it is worth saying about the English lawn, which is often confused with the French regular type. In England, traditionally and went, and ran, and even riding went, which shows the impressive stability of the herbaceous layer. So do these days. But mechanically transfer such experience in domestic practice is impossible – not only the climate, but also the emergency complexity of maintaining grass in order. Difficulties with this occur even from the British themselves.
In any case, the English lawn is very mercy and very low. In addition, it is always made up of a limited spectrum of herbs. Strike the site will have to constantly, otherwise the dense rapprochement does not achieve. In ordinary cases, the height of the haircut – 2 cm. For the best sports lawns, it is not more than 1.6 cm.
The composition of lawn grass
Guided reviews about specific plants very useful. But it is equally important to consider which cultures experts consider the best solution for a certain case. In the middle lane, it is recommended to use rags, oatonese, mint and pool. The abundance of varieties of these plants in itself allows for forming chic areas. At the same time, they will have a relatively uniform color and a good cold will be understood.
For garden and parking and simple lawns, a large-sized cereals are used mainly. They are mixed with oatmeal and wilderness. Welcome to the use of forest renoval – many years of grass forming loose soft rod. The height of the mint varies from 0.3 to 1 m; It is mostly planted at the foot of the trees, where the soil is wettered and gives an active acid reaction.
A good reputation enjoys a meadow mint – also a perennial, rising to 1 m, blooming in June and partly in July.
Attractive in many cases, the decision turns out to be a long-term regime. Its leaves partially painted in pink tone. Plates of foliage have light green color, thickness reaches 0.4 cm. Part of the grades of railing leaves are still. It is characterized by slow growth and excellent resistance to low haircut.
Survived, the meadow fescission turns out.This multi-year grass is well sued in areas with medium moisture. When the plot is flooded with melting water, oatmeal can live in this mode about 30 days without any risk. A characteristic feature of culture – the presence of narrow flat foliage. The oatmeal tolerates a napuping, at the beginning of the summer, forms a pulp of up to 1.8 cm.
Meadow Timofeevka gives a loose bush with swollen at the base with stems. Leaves are painted in a green or gray-green tone. Plant is suitable as part of grassmery for meadow or garden lawn. Timofeevka meadow is not subject to pulling and growing perfectly on heavy damp ground. But it is not recommended to cut it short or put it in sandy land.
Some other is the composition of the partare lawns. When selecting plants for them, they are oriented towards the homogeneity of the colors and the perfect surface alignment. This goal is best achieved by Polevitsa Any variety. At the same time, the grazing of pasture and cereals with wide leaves it is more correct to refuse immediately. Parterial lawns in Russian practice are formed using Red oatmeal and meadow.
In addition to these cultures, you can safely use:
- sheep oatmeal;
- dog field;
- Thin field.
The composition of meadow lawns are widely used:
- turf puff;
- placed Besklinnitsa;
- soft bonfire;
- busty fire;
How to choose a lawn?
Selecting the lawn for cottages or for another site, it is necessary to take into account the criteria for choosing a herbal mixture. Navigate only for its suitability for a specific type of plantation impossible. Not all combinations of herbs are ideal for climate of Russia, especially for localities to the east of the Urals. In domestic conditions, the most practical lawns from perennial herbs. The use of annuals is too impractical and turns out to be excessive consumption of funds.
It is recommended to use cereal plants that are most adapted to the harsh climate. But even among them it is necessary to pay attention to:
- resistance to freezing;
- attractive decorative characteristics;
- development of a developed root system;
- speed restoration of cover after kosba;
- Fitness to vegetative reproduction.
How to sow?
Best of all create lawn do it yourself in spring. In this case, cultures have time to root and adapt before the onset of autumn frosts. If some shortcomings are allowed, it will be possible to even re-postect landing or plant additional plants. It is also important that the saturation of the earth with thawed waters accelerates the formation of shoots. But you need to consider:
- daylight hours;
- germination of specific seeds;
- Soil quality (its saturation with useful substances).
Lawn landing is possible and under winter. But in this case, the accurate calculation is required and solid experience. In particular, it is worth late and cold will destroy the whole idea of the root in the literal and figurative sense. In summer, danger represent drought, which is especially serious in steppe areas. However, there are no choice in localities with a harsh climate: there is a landing on the summer, be sure to carefully treat the soil.
The question often arises: how to ravages the land without a rink and other special tools, without agricultural machinery? Small plots are handled by hand, and with special difficulty there are motoblocks. Tamchka is still better to perform vibrating or rink.
The process of the tamping does not stop until traces from walking on the surface. Before the sowing ground is worth breaking.
Sow seeds or plant flowers more correctly manually. On the large plot use mechanized seeders. To maintain the territory it was easier, the lawn divide on the conditioned stripes with a width of 1.85 m. Seeding after sowing is made by rake; After compaction, the blank is mulched. Make a lawn on clay soil difficult enough, but with due diligence it is quite possible.
The most difficult areas will have to thoroughly drain. The angle of laying pipes depends on the total slope of the terrain. Drenter in clay land must be baked textiles. Improving the quality of the soil is achieved by adding sand and humus mixed with peat grounds. Without preliminary plowing it is impossible to do without.
When will go up and how much is growing?
How fast will soon appear after sowing, and how long they will grow, determine:
- Weather specifics;
- execution of the rules of care;
- Characteristics of a specific type and variety.
Pasture rags give early friendly shoots (approximately 7-11 days). Party begins 3 weeks after this period. Waiting for the release of Roskov Red Oatsynah will have from 10 to 14 days. But in the first year after the landing of a chic red carpet, it will be possible – it can be seen only in the third season of development, and the full condition is achieved on the fourth year. It is necessary to take into account the displacement of weak escapes (with the formation of “successful” plants of non-seasons next season).
Meadow Mattik is actively growing (and becomes aggressive) only in the third year. Waiting for germination will have to at least 14 days. In arid periods – up to 30 days. In the first two years of cultivation, Matlik looks extremely unbelievable. But this plant is unpretentious and frost.
Secrets of care
Haircut (production of lawn design), as well as care for the perimeter of plantations, is practically art. It is from such a moment that the external attractiveness of land depends. Periodically, lawns need to be cleaned, to repair their repair. It includes:
- removal of foreign objects;
- leveling of the terrain;
- processing old landing from weeds;
- kota to a height of 2-3 cm;
When it is done, and the whole garbage is assembled with robbles and removed, you need to make seeds on empty spaces. The larger the debris, the more sublets are required. In complete, evenly distribute the composition of the composition (combination of sand and peat). With a strong exhaustion of the Earth, this mixture should be put up to the subsection and use it somewhat more.
Additional sowing, like primary sowing, can be performed using seed sprayers. In this case, they are immediately glued to the base, will not be carried away by the wind, and the bumps are prevented almost completely. The planting mixture contains valuable nutrient components.
If possible, it is necessary to mow a home lawn with an electrical mile, which does not distribute toxic fuel combustion products.
You can also buy various lawn care techniques:
- Mechanical seeders;
- manual secateurs;
- fertilizer spreaders;
In any case, you need to pay a lot of attention to watering, weeding and ventilating. Professionals are even talking about the canonical rule “Trey P”. Spring from watering and kids is better to refrain. If possible, processing fungicides should be postponed until the middle of the summer. The first bookmark of autumn fertilizers can be performed in August, and in the fall of haircuts lead the farther, the less.
One of the best options is deservedly considered a landscape characteristic of English lawn. This photo shows that its smooth and smooth space is perfectly diluted with several vertical groups.
Lawn can be put on the roof. On top of a wooden house it looks very beautiful and interesting.
Optionally use a solid herbal carpet – The surface in the form of spots, separated by “Earth”, looks good too.
About how to sow lawn correctly, look in the following video.