Knowing everything about what Karagach is what its characteristics can exclude any errors in handling it. Useful information is a description of the leaves of this plant and where it grows in Russia. It is also necessary to pay attention to the differences between squat elm from other types of ebolochny type.
What it is?
The name of Karagach is a source name for a number of varieties of elms found in the south of the country. It has been established that this name is rooted in Turkic languages and literally means “Black Tree”. Outwardly, this is most often both trees high up to 40 m. However, some of the species, rather, looks like shrubs. On young branches, a light brown bark is initially formed, devoid of all signs of roughness.
But gradually it will be covered by the vertical-oriented grooves. Karagach unpretentious. This species grows perfectly even on the shaded areas with a minimum level of soil fertility. However, of course, Elm mellite looks and develops best on the soil enriched substances.
An important feature of the plant is a rapid growth, in which it is increased by 50 cm for the year, and the cross section of the trunk is expanding by 30 cm.
Karagach leaves have an oval species. For them typical gear edge. Foliage in length ranges from 4 to 20 cm. It will be located on the next scheme on short stiffs. Ilma’s roots are distinguished by significant power – they will be able to penetrate into a depth of 30 m, although some types will grow in width.
Flowers Karagach in the Spring Months. Flowering ends when leaves appear. Characterized grouping in small yellow inflorescences. The fruits of this plant are small nuts of the “Wolf” format, having slept by the end of spring. After entering the ground, they grow in a few days; Live the tree will be up to 400 years.
Black Elm meets primarily in broad forest. You can also see it in the south and in the middle area of spruce forest subzones. Autonomous lipsticks occur infrequently. Karagach grows without problems on fertile land. Most often it is grouped on alluvial soil.
Basically, this tree is growing in Russia: in Western Siberia and in the south of the Urals. You can see it in the Volga region.
In general, for the European part of our country, this kind is more typical than for the Urals. Abroad, the main part of the range includes the Scandinavian Peninsula. You can also meet it in Central Asia.
Description of popular species
Elm, or Karagach, or Best, ordinary (smooth) species – the one that is widespread in the European part of the Russian Federation, including the Caucasus. It grows in the west of Siberia. The trunks of such a tree can grow to 10 – 25 m. At old trees, their cross-section can reach 1.5 m. But it is necessary to understand that in the conditions of the city, especially on scarce soils, the trunks will be much lower and not so fat.
Characteristic Dark Brown Corn Coloring. It has a relief surface and externally rude. Sometimes it peckles in the form of small scraps. Soothes form a crown in the form of a wide ellipse. The length of the leaves reaches 15 cm, and their width is 10 cm.
elongated form of leaves;
small flowers of the brown-violet color, scattering in April;
ease of trimming;
Formation of thick shadow.
It is called another mellite vessel or Ilmovik. The greatest growth does not exceed 15 m. In many cases, this plant forms a shrub pig. You can see squat elm in Transbaikalia and Far Eastern areas. The branches are relatively thin, the foliage has a rounded shape and a toothed perimeter; its length from 4 to 7 cm.
Spring leaves squat Ilmovik painted in gentle green. It is characterized by leathery. In summer, she will darken. Typical small yellow-brown inflorescences.
Plants are developing on weakly shaded areas, best in light places, but can form a dense shadow.
This species of Karagach has a light gray bark. Its surface is broken by cracks, and when squeezing, it forms moderately thick scales. Height can reach 30 – 35 m. The thickness of the barrel in the Komly area is approximately 1 m. The leaves in shape resemble an oval or egg; Their ends are sharp.
Such Karagach develops well on fertile land and categorically does not tolerate a strong salinization. This tree can be found in deciduous forests both in the West and East Europe. Barrels grow straight and coated with moderately smooth dark brown bark. The foliage of such a plant reaches 17 – 20 cm, the form looks like an egg and painted in light green.
Procedure for landing Karagach in free land is not too complicated. For work, you will need to dry thoroughly caused seeds. You can get seedlings in a few days after Seva. However, it is necessary to take into account the rapid loss of germination at the landing material. Therefore, it is necessary to produce as quickly as possible.
Collect seeds should immediately, as soon as the tree flowering ends. Seeds will need to be placed in wet. Alternative is the navigation to the humidified substrate.
In advance, seeds are treated with drugs blocking the development of fungi. A few days later, the landing material must be seen in the tank filled by the soil.
Well (among the soil) suitable chernozem. It is in him that the seedlings develop much more. In some cases, apply sheet humus. Regardless of the selection of the substrate, it is necessary to achieve its moisture and softness. Other recommendations:
Blowing seeds inside the substrate approximately 1 – 2 cm;
Separation of holes by 25 cm;
covering soil dried grass, cotton-free or sphagnum;
Daily substrate irrigation;
Removing the observer material after the seeding;
The need to temper the seedlings.
A very important point is the conduct of frequent active irrigation. So that the sprouts did not suffer from sunlight and wind gusts apply agriched or film. Young pig iron can be covered with scattered light. It should be borne in mind that drought on this plant affects extremely negative. If she comes, Elm will have to wipe abundantly or 3 times a week.
Karagach extremely needed sanitary trimming. Best do it in January, February or March. The main thing is to have time before the movement of the juice. You can cut the crown on the summer. Posted by culture planned form will succeed with simple wire.
But cut the Karagach – this is not all. For this plant, high-quality fertilizers are very important. Young pigpit feed the organic matter several times a week. Such an approach guarantees shortage of transplantation. The best option is the compost or use of other organic tools.
Feeding are possible not only through the root, but also on the leaves. Best buy them in special stores. Making fertilizers on the sheet should be carried out in a quiet sunny day. Sanitary trimming are resorted annually.
The withered leaves should be removed in a timely manner and completely.
If the branch does not give foliage, it must be destroyed. The branches deformed in any way should be cut out. Preventive trimming makes before reaching Karagich 8 years. Crop the culture must be evenly on any side so that it does not swing. It should be taken for the secateur already when care for young seedlings.
It is worth considering that the push trim not only makes Ilma is more beautiful. It significantly increases their life. The main role is played by the allocation of the central escape. Around it it is necessary to form branches of the right form; All sections are definitely treated with Garden Wara. Necessarily monitor the circulation of air inside the crown.
The soil near Elm should always be resolved. In the arid periods every tree is watered using at least 50 liters of water. It is possible to extend vegetation at the expense of regular use of mineral complexes. Biological stimulants should be made only after Karagach transplant to a permanent place; need for shelter for winter usually no.
Attempt to propagate the seeds of Karagach very laborious. But it is this approach that professionals are recommended, as it guarantees the achievement of the best effect. Planting material is collected in the autumn months. It is necessary to store it in cool conditions wrapped paper or pure matter. About 30 days before landing seeds heated.
In the past few days before Seva, they must be put in water tank. This will allow you to drink seeds moisture. The landing primary goes on the pots filled with loose soil. Problems with shoots usually do not occur, and to wait for the sprouts most often will have about 2 weeks. Landing on the permanent site, however, is produced only after strengthening seedlings.
Some people plant seeds directly into the ground. In this case, preliminary preparation is not always required. But before the onset of the cold, then without covering the film can not do.
Spring landing is carried out only in thoroughly warm.
Perhaps reproduction with cuttings. To do this, select the most strong shoots. They must fit for the formation of blanks is not shorter 15 cm. Shining implies heating of planting material at room temperature. Additionally, during transplantation, each sprout is placed 24 hours in highly divorced manganese and then 72 hours are soaked in simple water. Transplant elm into open ground is produced when it gives 4 strong sheets.
In some cases, resort to reproduction. But to breed Karagach in such a way. Near the tree digging shallow wells. They will have to abundantly moisturize and add organic and mineral components to water for watering. The easiest way to grow drags from young shoots and roots – however, this is not such a simple task, as it seems; Usually readiness for the department is achieved at the end of autumn.
Diseases and pests
Extremely dangerous is the Dutch disease of Vyaz. This is a typical fungal defeat. Signs of such alend are manifested very quickly, and for a month it is clearly visible even on the crown of a tree. From among the insects, a serious threat represent:
Ilm big crook;
Else can be planted in different climatic conditions. They are compatible with a variety of drainage earth. They are easy to grow in half, and even where frosts occur to 30 degrees. Wood has a pronounced natural drawing and a noble shade. Rays she has a heart-shaped, but consider them only on radius cuts, and even then only as small brilliant strokes.
Describing the properties of the visual wood, it is necessary to emphasize its decent viscosity and resistance to wear. Process, grind and polish this material easy. It is easy to go to dyes. The probability of rotting is small. The density of the rod dry massif is 560 kg per 1 cubic. M.
Returning to landscape design, it must be emphasized that Karagach use during the decoration of the leaves and the formation of alley. Rapid growth allows you to create extensive thickets. Low lawns are drawn up in the shade.
Use karagach on firewood is not too reasonable.
Even if they store them 2 years, the humidity does not fall below 15%. Elm cives extremely bad, and when burning smokes. In other cases, this tree perfectly manifests itself. So, it is quite possible to make a table from epoxy resin and elm. This breed is suitable for receiving the table top in the bathroom under the sink, because it looks noble and elegant.
In various cases, in the interior you can apply the ledid. It is sold in a large assortment in online stores. This version of the decor is full of budget. Based on the visual wood, a edged or unedged board for various works and joinery products can be made. In the kitchen often buy a cutting board.
Made from Elm options for it are very durable and perfectly polished. On the surface of this wood, a well-pronounced factory is formed, so that Viaty veneer will successfully complement any interior design. You can also use furniture from Ebvious, for the manufacture of which is often purchased furniture shield.
For strength, such furniture products are not inferior to almost manufactured from a good oak array. In terms of practicality, they are also very good. Furniture is diverse, but most often it is:
Capital lunch and office tables.
For environmental friendliness, the windowsills made from Karagach.
They will definitely not be distinguished by foreign harmful substances (but it should be remembered about the constant risk associated with poor-quality impregnation). There is a similar design inexpensively and it is not bad, it isolate from the loss of heat. Heated to the same extent in the heat as plastic, it will not be, moreover, it is “pleasant warmth”. However, care sometimes causes a number of questions.
Some firms offer Karagach stairs. They get good quality, but need professional equipment and appropriate skill. Even experienced woodworking women who do not have the necessary preparation in handling such a breed, often “pass”. If you succeed, the appearance and strength of the Karagachi stairs will be at a very high level.
Elm mellite fits and for the formation of live elevations. It is well combined with coniferous and deciduous rocks. Such a barrier is often created on solar sites devoid of even a small shading. In decorative purposes, regularly use and Panel from Karagach. It is drawn up on the basis of a carefully thought-out tile, the production technology of which is already well worked out.