All about hoses for drip irrigation

To feed the seven delicious, healthy, useful and safe food, modern person is not enough just to go to the store for products, on the shelves of which you can still see low-quality goods. In the race for profit, agricultural companies forget about the quality of products and use a large number of chemicals that improve the appearance of the goods. Independent carrying out agrotechnical work not only makes it possible to grow environmentally friendly vegetables and fruits, but also requires a lot of time, knowledge and physical effort.

Innovative technologies and modern equipment made it possible to develop a unique irrigation system – drip irrigation, which allows you to get a decent harvest even in regions with complex climatic conditions.

Peculiarities

Drip watering – a universal system of irrigation of agricultural territories, which is widely used by farmers and experienced summer houses. Home Feature – Water supply directly to the plant itself. Hose for drip watering plants – an integral and important part of this system. There are two ways to supply water.

  • Overhead – laying of hoses between rows of vegetable crops. Advantages – Low price, ease of installation.
  • Underground – Water intake by pipes, buried to the ground. Advantages – Maximum use of water without her losses and evaporation. Disadvantages – the complexity of the installation of the system.

The advantages of such watering are obvious:

  • rational use of water resources;
  • an increase in the amount of crop;
  • lack of earthquake;
  • reduction of the amount of weeding;
  • Formation of a strong and powerful root system;
  • the possibility of combining watering and feeding;
  • Prevention of the development of erosion of the fertile layer of soil;
  • the possibility of using both open plots and in greenhouses;
  • prevention of the occurrence of swampy sites;
  • obstacle to the development and nutrition of weary grass;
  • minimal cost of physical forces and time;
  • the ability to create an automatic watering system;
  • Prevention of the development of root system rotary processes.

Flaws:

  • the need to install special filters;
  • DISTRIBUTY OF THREE RETERS;
  • carrying out regular diagnostics and flushing of the entire water supply system;
  • High cost of component parts.

Principle of operation

Principle of operation – independent flow of fluid from a water source into irrigation system. There are several ways to fill the watering system. The simplest method is to organize automatic watering – connecting special hoses with plugs at the end to the water crane. This method of irrigation is characterized by ease of use and installation, low price range and availability of necessary parts. Experts allocate a number of shortcomings:

  • Regular clogging of the system by plumbing garbage;
  • the inability to regulate the temperature module of water;
  • Limited area of ​​iris.

Experienced summer residents recommend filling the system using a special capacity that is installed at a height of 150 cm. Watering tank can be filled with water of any origin. The most common sources are rivers, reservoirs, wells, wells, urban water supply system and even precipitation. Water from water tank moves through the line of the line in pipes that are laid along the beds and have small irrigation holes. It is through these holes that goes to the root system.

In large farms, where the area of ​​one plot can reach tens of acres, experts recommend installing pumps to increase the pressure on the network and reduction valves that stabilize this indicator. For full automation, you can install water supply controllers.

What are there?

In specialized stores You can see several types of hoses for drip irrigation.

  • PVC hoses – Classic type of rubber trunk irrigation inventory. Before connecting to the system in these products, drill the holes of the required diameter in which the droppers are mounted. Droppers are two types – noncompensated (depend on the pressure in the hose), compensated (evenly distribute the supplied liquid). Next to droppers join tubules with special racks. Rack data and are a source of moisture for nearest plants. Disadvantage – Low quality, DISTRIBUTY, manufacturing by handicraft.
  • Labyrinth ribbon – Specialized capillary hose, on the basis of which new drip systems invented. Main feature – the presence of a labyrinth canal near the hose walls. Principle of operation – a set of water into the labyrinth channel and gradually returning it through outdoor opening.

Disadvantage – short period of operation, mechanical damage, fast clogging of the system, installation complexity and installation. Advantages – Low price range.

  • Slit ribbon – a new type of device, the principle of the operation of which is the flow of water into the soil through the water supply holes. Feature – laying the labyrinth canal inside the hose throughout its length. Advantages – Reliability, Durability. Disadvantages – clogging system trash.
  • Emitter tape – improved type of watering hoses, which consists of special droppers of emitters. Feature of droppers – flat shape, presence of winding water structure and turbulent flows. Advantages – self-purification, high level of reliability, durability.

  • Final hose (porous) – Innovative product that is manufactured from polyvinyl chloride. Feature – availability on the surface of the product of a huge amount of pores, through which water easily passes. Advantages – simplicity of installation and operation, long period of operation, versatility.
  • Sprinkler – Special hollow splashing hose, on the entire surface of which small holes and sprayers are located. The incoming water under the action of high pressure in the system irrigates the earth with thin jets. Advantages – Watering a large area. Disadvantage – Water getting into stems and leaves, high liquid consumption.
  • Corrugated – Special product, the surface of which is made in the form of perforated corrugations. Advantages – durability, lack of twisting, resistance to mechanical damage.

Rating models

A large number of modern producers is engaged in the release of this group of goods. Novice dachensons need to pay attention to the following brands that produce high quality and reliability products – Kärcher, Gardena, Palisad, Belamos. The most successful value for money is offered to the buyer and domestic Brand “Beetle” and “Ambudy”.

Materials

For the manufacture of drip watering hoses manufacturers Several types of material are used:

  • rubber;
  • PVC;
  • silicone;
  • thermoelastoplast.

Rubber hoses

Universal watering equipment that withstands the temperature differences from – 30 degrees to + 80 degrees.

Advantages:

  • No need to disassemble after harvesting;
  • resistance to solar radiation;
  • high density;
  • Resistance to the action of chemical fertilizers and drugs;
  • pressure resistance up to 8 atmospheres.

Polyvinyl chloride products

Used only in the warm season. Temperature range from – 5 degrees to + 30 degrees.

Advantages:

  • Connect directly to the water supply;
  • affordable price range;
  • high level of elasticity;
  • high pressure resistance.

Flaw:

  • twisting;
  • Loss of flexibility under the action of high temperatures.

Silicone hoses

Products for the organization of temporary drip irrigation, which are withstanding the temperature range from – 20 to + 40 degrees.

Advantages:

  • high level of elasticity and flexibility;
  • a large coefficient of temperature expansion;
  • Lack of bends and races.

Flaws:

  • Low pressure and pressure;
  • Use for irrigation of small areas.

Hoses of their thermoelastoplast

New type of product that can be used both in private household plots and industrial scales.

Advantages:

  • long period of operation;
  • The best resistance to temperature drops;
  • Ability to use at any time of the year.

Choice rules

Before purchasing this product, novice gardeners should know all the subtleties of the choice of quality product, which is suitable for the implementation of the tasks. By purchasing hoses for drip irrigation, it must be borne in mind that products consisting of two or more layers are better, more reliable and more durable than single-layer goods.

Reinforcement hoses are distinguished by the greatest strength and reliability.

The main parameters that affect the choice of goods, the following.

  • Length – the main indicator, which depends on the area of ​​the site, the level of atmospheric pressure and from the distance between the water pipe and the last point of the bed.
  • Diameter – Important indicator affecting the amount of water flow in the system. The diameter of the hose depends on the pressure in the system. The less pressure in the highway, the smaller diameter you need to take the hose.
  • Pressure – indicator on which the system of operation of the system depends. Low pressure hoses can be disretened from strong head. The pressure indicator must be 2 times higher than the pressure on the network. Acquisition of hoses with a higher pressure level financially inappropriate.
  • Temperature Range – intermediate indicator, which must be taken into account in the winter during the storage of products in unheated premises.
  • The interval between the slits – Important indicator for ribbon products. The distance between the watering holes can vary from 10 cm to 40 cm and depends on the type of plant, landing density and soil type.
  • Bandwidth – indicator that depends on the length of the beds, the form of crops, such as the soil and climatic characteristics of the region.

Subtleties of use

Before starting the process of installation and use of a drip irrigation system, beginner gardeners should be carefully examined by all subtleties and features of this process. Installation and operation of a simple drip system consists of the following steps:

  • laying the hose in a broadcast;
  • compound hose and fitting;
  • fastening fitting to the main highway of the water supply system;
  • Installing the plug at the end of the hose;
  • Running system by opening a water tap.

The period of watering depends on the peculiarities and properties of plants, as well as on the overall temperature mode of the environment. For watering the next bed it is necessary to overlap water and move the hose. Experienced summer residents recommend using a more complex and simultaneously convenient irrigation system, the installation process of which consists of the following steps:

  • Installation of a watering capacity;
  • connection of a waterway;
  • Installing valves and cranes;
  • installation of the highway;
  • division of the hose on the required segments;
  • installation of drip hoses;
  • laying of hoses on the plot.

In the next video, you will find instructions for installing a drip watering system “Watercase”.

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