The dend is used both in gardening and in landscape design, because it has a unique foliage. There are many plant varieties, but to dilute at least one of the varieties, you will need to know the features of care and landing.
Deren – Shrub of the Kizylov family, who became known thanks to such a scientist as a hippocrate. At one time he studied the peculiarities of the plant and found out that they can be used to treat the stomach. Today, the dend is more famous as a dog village, and the bark and roots are used in medicine, even flowers. One small shrub is able to replace the pharmacy if you know how to brew different parts and in what quantity. Religious people know the dend as a tree from which the cross was made for Jesus Christ, where he was crucified.
The most common shrub on the coast of Crimea, in the North Caucasus and Transcarpathia, but can be found in Africa, South America and on other continents. In the wildlock, the plant tries to let the roots on the edge, where enough light, but can take a place in crevices and stones. This decorative deciduous plant belongs to evergreen. Scientists note a species diversity that has a shrub, including perennial herbaceous forms and even wood rocks.
Shrubs and trees of this kind can reach height from 3 to 8 meters. They differ in a chic branching crown, on which many branches are formed over time, as a result of which the plant turns quickly into real thickets. While the plants are young, they grow slowly, branches are located vertically. Only a few years later, the old branches acquire a horizontal position.
If you describe the root system, it penetrates deep into the ground, very branched. But you can find a variety where it is superficial. Such shrubs are best planted in an area with plenty of precipitation, otherwise they will need to often water them. After the autumn leaves fall, the branches acquire an amazing colorful colorful.
However, on some kinds of dend, the leaves remain, but instead of the usual greens, you can observe the variety of red and yellow. In the spring, in April, Kizil begins to bloom, this process continues to twenty days, but there can be fruits only closer to autumn. Subneal berries have meaturacy and tart, an acidic taste. Peel in the spine condition becomes dark burgundy.
There are several varieties of this plant, which are often found on household plots. White or Siberian dend has an amazing winter hardiness. The flowering plant calmly grows in conditions of severe frosts. Such a feature led to the fact that the shrub does not reach more than three meters in height. There are plants on the banks of the rivers, if we talk about a natural environment. As a decorative plant, it was appreciated for a very thick, formed foliage crown, which also extends to 3 meters. The leaves of the deresses of this variety are large, have the form of an ellipse. Above it is painted in dark green color, below – in white.
White dend blooms only 3 years after landing, small yellowish inflorescences are formed on the crown during this period, the diameter of which does not exceed 5 centimeters. From May to June, the dend distributes its amazing aroma around the district, thus attracting insects to pollinate. Blue with white berries Spread only by the end of August.
In winter, shoots acquire a coral color, which is a feature of the plant. Such a dog was completely undemanding for the quality of the soil, he can calmly grow in the shade. You can plant it where the groundwaters are close to the surface, moreover, the plant will additionally dry the territory. This species has its own varieties, for example, the “sleeper” is very valued for the golden grocery around the leaves. This is amazing on beauty a decorative plant, which a few days before frosts acquires a purple-purple color, which only emphasizes white brushes berries.
Enjoy popular and variety of “haulect”, on the leaves of which pink specks and the same Golden Karochka. Another winter-hardy grade “Cream Cracker” rarely can be found in our country, although it also has a fantastic appearance.
White-silver edge of leaves from “Variagrat”. There is a shrub very similar to him – “Elegantissima”, which is popular all over the world, as he has a beautiful foliage, but it remains completely non-additive. Not so often you can meet, even in nurseries, “Ivory Halo”, a variety of white cut. His inflorescences are quite large and differ in milk color, in diameter they can reach 70 mm.
Sprayed dend brought to our country from North America, from here and the peculiarity of its growth. This plant loves humidity and large thickets, so it can often be found in the river bed and, in general, around the reservoirs. It has the same winter hardiness, like the previous variety, and externally possesses the similarity with it.
Shrub does not reach a height of more than 3 meters. When the density is young, his shoots have a bright coral coloring. A distinctive feature of this variety – fertility, because each bush produces a huge number of root shoots. From the part it may seem that it is simply falling apart, especially since even hanging branches when contacting soil is easily rooted.
Annual bloom begins only four years after landing, inflorescences are achieved in a diameter of 50 mm. You can observe the flowering process in May, but bluish-white fruits will be ready only for autumn. Over time, this dend appeared various garden forms, for example, “albumographic”, which in the foliage there is a white katch. It is worth noting that Thin vine of this shrub is often used to create braided products.
Still gardeners celebrate the blood-red dend, which is famous all over the world for this unique coloring. You can meet in the Caucasus and in another part of the southwestern region, however, the grade is perfectly withstanding and strong frosts. In nature, tries to start roots on wet soil and edges.
The maximum height of 4 meters, shoots at a young age possess greenish-brown color, but over the years it becomes darker. The foliage is also green, the maximum length is 10 cm. A variety feature – the presence of curly hairs on both sides of the leaves. The grade of “compress” refers to ordinary dend, which is capable of forming compact bushes.
Planting the plant begins very lately, only after 7 years. Inflorescences appear at the end of May, in a few weeks, the entire shrub becomes closed with umbrellas width up to 100 mm. Flowers have a milky white color. With good weather, sometimes the dend begins to bloom again in August, after which the blue berries appear, the size of which is like a pea.
It is worth noting that Shrub is quite rare, but it is completely non-additive to the soil. It can normally develop in a arid area, while it is quite optional that this is the place where the sun is constantly shining. In winter, the dend will not frown, after trimming does not ill. Among the Garden Forms are especially allocated “Atrosgivia”, whose shoots acquire a dark red color. Enjoy the popularity of Viridissima, a distinctive feature of this variety are green berries. The yellow-beard “Mitch” has pale yellow shoots with dots.
Chinese “Couza” has a unique appearance with a high crown. This small tree with inflorescences of 10 centimeters in diameter loves shadow. There is a Canadian variety, quite low, practically steels on the ground and has red fruits, which are as if located in the middle of the foliage.
The closest relative of the named shrubs – the usual cousin who has edible fruits. The plant has a high high up to five meters high, on average its life life is 250 years, so on one site such a tree can feed several generations.
There is not only an echoed version of Kizyl, but also a wild plant, the birthplace of which is the Caucasus, Crimea and in general south of the country. Yellow flowers are going to small bundles, the time of ripening fruits is several months. Such trees have fruits not so large, but remain delicious and useful.
The dend is not too picky to the landing, so gardeners, even beginners, do not face problems. You can plant shoots on both well-lit and a little darkened areas. It is worth considering that Various varieties with a large amount of shadow during the day may lose their amazing color.
Any of the selected varieties of the dender quickly adapts to the conditions created, this is another advantage of the plant. There are only a few varieties that do not possess big frost resistance, so they will need to be stolen while they are young. As for watering, the plant can withstand a long lack of rain, but there are also such varieties that the root system is on top, they need them more often.
As for the soil, it is better if it is a moisture-intensive type, although on the depleted organic soil such a shrub grows perfectly, because a large root system produces the necessary nutrients with deeper layers.
Very good if the gardener won’t be lazy and regularly make feeding under the plant. On such care and care, the density will quickly respond to thick vegetation and plenty of fruit. The most successful landing is considered to be ground with low pH.
But the frequent intervention around the plant in the soil does not like, since it suffers from this root system. This is one of the reasons why it is not necessary to produce loosening too often.
Before planting a pit worth to cook in advance. If planned to plant several plants next to each other, then the distance should be at least 700 mm. If it is a young shrub, then the depth of the pit is up to 500 mm. Root neck sure to plunge 3 centimeters. If the landing is produced on loamy soil, then it will be necessary to additionally pour compost, fertilizer or humus. You can use a mixture of peat and sand.
An ideal combination is considered to be 2 parts of the compost and the turf and 1 sand and peat. From fertilizers you can add 100 grams of dolomite flour, superphosphate or wood ash. If a peat ground, then the amount of dolomite flour should be increased by 2 times.
After the seedling is laid in the ground and looked apart the earth, it will take a little tamper around the soil. In the location zone of the root system should not be emptiness in order to remove them, the plant is watered.
It is worth saying that dense denying plantings help protect the plot from dust and excess noise. Such a green hedge looks very attractive. To outline the borders of the future fence, it is worth using the twine.
It is best to use for planting bushes by age up to five years, which are supplied in containers. The main thing is not to break the root system, for this, the dend packaging is extracted very carefully and with the existing soil immersed in the landing pit. It is necessary to remember every gardener that despite the fact that the turret is not additive, it will be sick if the depth of the pit is insufficient. It is impossible to keep the root system even partially.
The best time for planting seedlings – Early Spring. During the warm months, the bush will have time to adapt and prepare for subsequent wintering. Before sabotage to immerse in the pit, it will take a little bit off his roots.
Features of breeding
You can propagate in the open soil, the dend can be both cuttings and through the germination of seeds. If we talk about the natural growing plant, then in nature seedlings are formed every year. If you need a large number of landing material next year, you can organize a separate bed, which will begin to give sews after the winter. Only a year later, young seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place for their further growth.
You can also grow this village in the form of a strain or multiply by the process, that is, with cuttings. Slop shoots at the beginning of summer, but it must be already obsessive branches.
Place landing – Greenhouse or greenhouse. Already by the autumn, the young plant should form a good root system. Store such seedlings in the sand, in the basement or greenhouse, and in the spring produced landing.
Subtleties of care
Deren does not need trimming, which will help to form a crop. While the plant is still young, this departure carries a purely aesthetic function so that it can be created a tree with a high strab. After that, sanitary trimming is carried out in the fall. The main task with proper cultivation of the deresant is to remove old and damaged branches, make the crown not so thick, remove the extra minor shoots that only spoil the appearance.
20 years later, a rejuvenating trimming is required, which allows you to remove old branches and makes it possible to develop young shoots. No matter why it took to remove part of the crown, it is worth it only before the start of the Softness.
In winter, preparation for the spring begins, only a few unstable grades are required to stub.
As for the other care, this plant loves moisture and grows wonderful when it is enough. Regular watering – the main task of the gardener, especially for young bushes.
Watering is made in the evening, the soil around must be moisselected at least 50 centimeters in depth. The lack of moisture is perfectly visible on the elasticity of the leaves. You can make a well around and completely pour it with water, one plant takes up to 60 liters of fluid. To save moisture wet soil pour mulch.
Be sure to feed the plants during the year. Use urea and potassium sulfur for this 10 grams or 20 grams of superphosphate on the bush. Complex fertilizers are brought in the late spring or early summer.
Diseases and pests
Deren, which grows in vivo, is often amazed by viruses and fungi, including:
- Puffy dew;
- mosaic leaves;
- White spotting.
Do not leave this plant and some pests, including mole and warthogyer. If we talk about the varieties that were derived, they are practically not subject to the negative impact of fungi and insects. If this plant and sick, it happens very rarely, the most frequent phenomenon is considered the appearance of Tsley on young bushes, which in the spring feed on the juices of the plant, and when the heat arrives, it flies to grass. The best means – insecticide, which is divorced in the proportion of 10 liters of liquid 15 mm:
You can use 2 ml of “Aktara” to the same amount of fluid. Spraying is made only on a dry time, it is desirable that within a few days the rain was also not.
Application in landscape design
Thanks to the delightful color, most varieties of dend are used in landscape design. They can be decorate the courtyard, make a live elevation. In the spring, such plantings are pleased with abundant blossom, and in the fall and winter – the motley color, which perfectly harmonizes with white snow.
Even in cloudy weather, Deren is able to improve the mood and create a feeble feeling around. The most commonly used three-meter “albumograph”, “Variagates” and “Shpet”.
You can use such a decoration instead of flowering, on which bloom is maintained infrequently or combine plants with other plantations, which start to take the fall in the fall.
How to use a dend in your gardens and about it, look in the following video.