Different types of irises have an extraordinary coloring, and in the period of flowering, bright flower petals are transferred to the sun with a variety of shades. Elegant irises become the main decoration of the garden. So that flowering was lush and abundant, you need to explore more information about the peculiarities of this period in the life of the plant.
Duration and duration of flowering
In the middle lane of Russia and the Moscow region, culture begins to bloom In late May – early June. Blossom continues to about mid-July. It is impossible to accurately name the flowering period, since this indicator depends on the variety.
The average flowering duration is 10-15 days, these parameters are also determined by the climate and care features.
The color period can be determined by the Latin designation indicated on the package with seedlings:
- Ve – very early;
- E – Early;
- EAT – medium;
- M – average;
- ML – medium impact;
- L – late;
- Vl – very late.
If the letters of EML are seen, it is understood as “bloom is possible in any of the specified deadlines”.
Naturally, the weather has a huge impact on the duration of this period, for example, plants with different periods may unexpectedly begin to bloom at one time. If we talk about the suburbs, then The difference between these deadlines is 10 days. Also climatic conditions determine the abundance of colors and their colorfulness.
Why not bloom and what to do?
If there are too few buds in the expected time, they quickly flow free or blossoms are not observed at all, it is important to understand factors that contribute to such “behavior” of plants. Finding out the reason, the flower will be saved and still have to admire the lush flowering.
If the gardener during planting was too deepened to the roots, then the culture will show some leaves according to the result, and the colors can not be waiting at all. When landing 1/3 of the root neck, leave over the ground level, but the roots themselves should be underground. If this error has become a reason, then burst the soil around the plant and carefully remove a pair of superficial soil centimeters, not digging the flower.
During the landing, try to do so that the leaves go towards the North, and rhizome – south. Such a location contributes to full development.
Special attention is paid to the landing site. For example, this culture will not bloom in too acidic soil, so at high acidity, it is important to dilute the land of the ash, dolomite flour or lime. Siberian varieties can be grown in penetrated.
Sit bulbous cultures in September or early October – during this period the plant has time to prepare for freezers.
Bad selection of place
In the conditions of a fellow in the country, bloom will be significantly inhibited, and over time and will stop at all. Therefore, the landing should be chosen by a plot that at least 2/3 days will be lit by the solar rays. You can not landflowers under thick high trees and bushes, also avoid landing near fences.
When planning in the shadow, the gardener risks to face another problem – a disease of mildewing dew or rust, which also lead to the poor state of the plants and may be the cause of blossom.
The place selected landing should be removed from groundwater, for example, you can land the irises to a high flowerub.
Also, the site should be protected from wind, gusts of which are able to break fragile stems.
It is important to feed the culture in a timely manner. Due to the lack of food, the leaves can be twisted, the buds are flying out, and did not have time to disperse, stems and roots stop developing. In April-May it is important to pay attention to the growth of foliage and the development of the root system, so there will be suitable fertilizers Ammonia Selith and Potassium Sulphate. During this period, you can feed the plants Fish minced meat, divorced in water. Such a feeding is recommended every other day, but two weeks before flowering it is important to stop making fertilizers.
In June, the main purpose of feeding the formation of flowers. Most successful extra food – Superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, ash. At the beginning of the fall, plants should be prepared for wintering and feed Superphosphate or potassium sulfate.
During the flowering period, you can fertilize the irises of nettle. All feeders are made by the leaves.
When feeding this culture Do not use manure, Since it threatens the formation of a rotten process, as a result of which the flower will begin to reset the leaves. When making any fertilizers, carefully follow the dosage: when the Irisov is re-published, the leaves will grow, and they will no longer grow on the formation of colors. Especially this problem is relevant when overproing the flower with nitrogen.
Failure to comply with rules of watering
Culture is well withstanding dry time, but it can negatively affect the stages of bootonization and flowering. As soon as the plant landed, it needs to be regularly water for 3-4 weeks. During the ripening period of flowers should be painted watering. In general, it is recommended to moisten the soil 3 times a week.
Excess moisture will also negatively affect the health of the flower. In this case, the plant can not only be bloated, but also to die from the root. Watering procedure is performed in the evenings, it is important to ensure that the drops do not fall on the flowers. In autumn, the culture needs minimal moisture.
The growth of the root system
During the landing, the gardener must observe the scheme and plant tall varieties at a distance of 40-60 cm from each other, low – 30 cm. The rapid growth of culture provides good growing of the roots, and at closest landings of the roots begin to interfere with each other. Each instance has a deficit of moisture and useful components, it also leads to the affection of plants insects. All this becomes the cause of weakened flowering. To solve the problem, you should share bushes every 4-5 years.
The procedure is customary to exercise in a couple of weeks after flowering (in July or August).
Damage to winter
If in front of the wintering plants turned out to be poorly protected from frosts, then floral kidneys can be frozen, and then the gardener will be in vain waiting for flowering. It is impossible to cover the specimens and too early, otherwise it will provoke the roots.
It is possible to warm the plants at a temperature of +5 degrees. The protection is used dry foliage, for example: oak, moss, husknik. The recommended layer of mulch – 20 cm. If the English variety is grown, then it can not be covered (it is winter-hardy view). In the event of a landing of Spanish and Dutch irises, insulation for winter – a mandatory process.
Diseases and pests
It is believed that this culture is resistant to diseases and insects, but with incorrect care this problem does not bypass Irises side. Most often the plants are striking Dry rot, wet rot, gray rot, rust, septorize. Relief from the ailments will help drugs, as part of which there is zinc and copper. The most dangerous is the disease called mosaic, The source of infection becomes a word. Treatment in this case is not conducted – the patient is destroyed.
From the insects most of all to these representatives of the flora love scoops, they eat buds, and flowering does not happen.
The same harm to buds Iris Muha, which does not just drink bloom juice, but also postpones offspring. In this case, the bud is recommended to eliminate – the flower will no longer dissolve. To protect against insects apply Bordeaux liquid, as well as means such as “Aktara” or “Aktellik”.
How to care for flowers?
After the Irises are fighting, a simple, but competent and regular care is required. During this period, it is important to perform the following procedures:
- eliminate weeds and loosen the earth;
- in time to deal with diseases and harmful insects;
- timely moisten the soil and transplant.
As soon as the plants ceased to bloom, pruning becomes an important point of care. Coloros are removed at the base of the bush. Half foliage is removed from the beginning of frost. Previously yellowed leaves are also cut off.
Need a transplant?
The subsequent stage after flowering is a plant transplantation. This procedure will contribute to the fact that the culture is beautiful and thick bloom the next time. Manipulation is performed once every 4-5 years.
The best time to reset – two weeks after flowering. The fact is that at this time the specimens have already begun to accumulate useful components for the winter, their root system is well developed, new sprouts appear, and the color-making kidneys are not laid. Because this period is chosen for color transplantation.
In the process of digging the flower extracted from the ground and divide the bush with a sharp knife.
Sections of sections for 15-30 minutes are placed in a solution of manganese, dried and processed with impellent activated carbon or wood ash. Wherein It is important to carefully inspect the rhizome and make sure it is great. After dividing part of the plant is also visually studied, when damage is detected, all affected areas are deleted. For the procedure Choose a sterilized sharp tool: scissors, knife, secret.
The transplant process looks just like planting plants in open ground: rhizome planted at the ground level, and the leaves have vertically. The depth of the landing pit is determined by the parameters of the length of the roots. After planting the flower pressed and pinch the earth. Just planted plant watered, and the following watering are produced only after 3-5 days. The growth of transplanted copies begins a couple of weeks. Compliance with landing and care rules will provide timely, long and picturesque blossom of irises.
About what feeding to use for abundant flowering of irises, look next.