Tile mosaic for the kitchen on the apron is an equal alternative to traditional finishes by widescreen tiles. Although its long-term use has some difficulties, an excellent appearance worth it.
What it is?
For the manufacture of mosaic tiles either glass, or porcelain stoneware. The finishing material is realized in the form of a peculiar matrix of a square shape consisting of several small elements. Thus, Not individual squares are stacked on the treated wall, and plates that combine them with a paper base, plastic or mesh details.
There is also a self-tier mosaic, a significantly simplifying installation process. True, it will be used only on perfectly smooth walls.
Self-adhesive mosaic will be fixed on the surface due to a special film, so it is important to place tiles carefully, because it will not be possible to correct the curvature without consequences. Chip thickness in this case reaches half centimeters.
Advantages and disadvantages
Mosaic apron looks modern and very beautiful. Opportunities for the embodiment of creative ideas are very extensive: You can use one or more colors, choose elements of different shapes, Create a monochrome image or a complex composition. The use of such a finish will be relevant both in classical interiors and indoors with other stylistics.
The tile mosaic itself is distinguished by persistence and does not deteriorate from any mechanical damage. It will not deteriorate due to increased ambient temperature, fluid or sun rays. Finally, it will be possible to apply it even on the curve ribbed wall.
To put the apron from the mosaic tile, only the finishing material, grout and adhesive will be required.
Experts recommend choosing a grout having an epoxy resin in its composition. This component is preventing the devastating effects of liquid and dirt.
Nevertheless, this type of finish has some disadvantages. Caring for him is quite complicated, but must be regular and start immediately after laying. As soon as the installation works are completed, the apron is processed from fungi and mold, as well as coating with means of tightening dirt and liquid. Next, behind the tiles will have to take care, based on the existing material.
Installation itself is a more complex process than in the case of conventional widescreen plates. The resulting apron has a large number of seams that are considered the most vulnerable zone, so they will have to additionally handle contamination, liquid and mold. Finally, the cost of such a finish is much higher compared to plastic or chipboard.
By the way, it is preliminarily important to tracho prepare the wall. First, the surface is cleared from the old finish, after which the primer is covered. This procedure will improve fixation.
In the event that apron is created from self-adhesive tile, the basis additionally should be deguted. When additionally requires alignment, it will be carried out using a putty or plaster. The glue is recommended to acquire, hanged by Latex.
Regardless of the selected pattern, the tile will be placed horizontally, except for the first row, which is mounted vertically. At the end, it is necessary to sweep the seams either manually or using a special device.
How to choose?
Before you choose the design of the apron, you should calculate the amount of material required. Mosaic is typically implemented by plates, the side of which is 24, 28, 30 and 32 centimeters. Squares of 30 per 30 centimeters are considered the most popular or 32 to 32 centimeters. In the event that a ready-made mosaic pattern is purchased, then, most likely, its parties will correspond to 100 centimeters. The same applies to matrices filled with round or other non-standard form chips.
Tile is like small and larger – the length of the sides of chips ranges from 1 to 10 centimeters. Most often there are fragments with parameters 2 by 2 centimeters or 5 to 5 centimeters.
To determine how much mosaic tiles will need, first you have to find out the basic parameters of the planned apron, that is, the length and width. Following, deciding with the design, you should calculate how many matrix squares will be required on this apron. Missing pieces will already be cut into matrices taken as a reserve, which should be from 15 to 20 percent.
Usually, no more than nine matrices are required for the execution of a square meter.
In the case of glass or other light mosaics, it is better to take white glue that will not spoil cladding. In addition, the composition should be characterized by a high adhesion that makes up 20 to 28 kilograms for one square centimeter. Such a solution will increase the interaction of surfaces, thereby providing retention of tiles on the wall surface.
The best grout is epoxy. Although this material is distinguished by high cost and rather complex operation, it does not deteriate in neither excessive moisture, no due to food components.
The optimal color of the grout is considered light gray.
Mosaic chips can have a square shape, rectangular, round, pentagonal or kameshko-shaped. They are most often made of durable glass with dimensions 2 by 2 centimeters. Glass chips differ in color, are matte and glossy covered with sparkles or foil.
Maximum strong varieties of glass blocks are considered, Made by pressing colored glasses. It is characterized by saturated paints and uneven color distribution. The highest quality is the Spanish and Italian Products.
Usually, the brighter the color of chips, the higher its price will be, because saturated paints are possible only when using additives and high-quality pigments.
Glass mosaic is very hygienic, as the bacteria cannot multiply on the glass. The use of glass is possible even in those parts where the highest temperature is felt in the kitchen, that is, near the plate. Material heat-resistant and wear-resistant, it will not also absorb and excess liquid.
There is also a ceramics tile, which is more affordable, but no less attractive.
Porcelain stoneware looks as much as possible, although it is more expensive than the above materials. It is not well known with original color solutions, but allows experimenting with texture: the surface is and smooth glossy, and rough, and a pronounced relief.
Stone mosaic looks very rich and noble, which explains its high cost.
Chips from marble and onyx usually get a larger size than glass. In addition, the mosaic can be pearl or metal.
Many designers recommend combining a mosaic of several species, for example, glass and ceramic, stone and “metallic”. Some companies even do it independently, offering customers original solutions.
In the case when a full-fledged mosaic apron seems to be too agile, or simply does not look in the interior, then you should perform a background from ordinary widescreen tiles, and then add several mosaic inserts selected in the tone or contrasting colors. Looks very beautiful and modern.
An apron made of mosaic, in no case can not be handled with rigid sponges, brush with rough bristle and aggressive chemistry. It is possible to care for the material only with a soft cloth, wetting. In the case of severe pollution, you can use the special means for washing windows.
It is better to avoid soap-based solutions, Since it can create an unsightly film on the surface that will deprive the gloss mosaic.
Missing the surface is recommended every time by completing work in the kitchen to avoid fatty plates both on chips and seams.
If we talk about reviews, then most often they are positive. Of course, the mosaic tile transforms the appearance of the room, making it very modern. Best of all it is suitable for the style of high-tech, but in other cases will be worthy of accent. Acting technology, after a couple of hours it will turn out to complete all the work, and create a new apron.
It is not difficult to care for the tile, but it is necessary to do it regularly.
About how to lay mosaic in the kitchen, look in the following video.