How does the dishwasher?

The overwhelming majority of people today are happy to use modern vacuum cleaners and washing machines instead of brooms and ordinary washing pelvic. However, automated devices for washing dishes are still spread. This is largely due to some distrust on the effectiveness of such household appliances. In other words, there are doubts that it will not be able to provide maximum shine and purity. To disprove stereotypes, you need to figure out how the dishwasher is functioning.


Most often used embedded models of the vertical loading equipment under consideration. Any dishwasher is arranged so that the water supply is supplied in sufficient volume.

In the network, you can easily find the rates of similar devices with a detailed description of all nodes and individual structural elements.

The internal device of household PMM with relatively small sizes of the case may include the following components:

  • circulation pump that is responsible for the flow of water into the chamber;
  • drain pump;
  • ion exchanger designed to mitigate the water used;
  • Electric heater flowing, working in a pair with a thermostat that provides protection;
  • Sensors tracking water level and temperature indicators;
  • Filter of water supply system;
  • filter element responsible for separating large particles in drains;
  • The inner chamber made of high-quality stainless steel;
  • sprinklers of water (bottom and upper);
  • Controls, including display.

In addition to the listed, some PMM models are equipped with a fan. This structural element is used for drying dishes at the final stage of washing. Even the list of additional equipment includes:

  • Additional heater and cooler, What is needed for accelerated drying in the turbojym;
  • Sensor, by means of which the degree of water purity is determined – this element provides the choice of the optimal mode of operation of the unit under consideration;
  • optionally installed by the manufacturer sensor, controlling rinse;
  • separate TEMPERATURE SENSOR environment at the stage of drying washing dishes;
  • Capacity for mineral zeolite – This substance is able to be a source of dry heat, such an option is present from representatives of the Bosch and NEFF model rows;
  • Special device responsible for controlling the level of rigidity of water used – Based on the readings of this touch sensor, the technique itself chooses the mode of operation in each case.

It is important to take into account that the list of equipment determines the cost of the dishwasher. It is understood that the arsenal of additional functions will require the appropriate additional costs.

Through the use of modern electrical circuits for the described household equipment, it was possible to minimize the volume of energy consumed. In this case, the efficiency of the machines does not decrease. It is worth noting that the overwhelming majority of PMM refers to the category “A ++”. At the same time, electrical strokes have important features:

  • installation of devices that provide reliable protection of the apparatus from overloads;
  • Connecting equipment to the network is carried out using the most ordinary cable with a fork;
  • Many models operate from 220 V;
  • Taking into account the main characteristics of the machines, they can be connected to a standard household network.

Special attention deserves such a node PMM, as an ion exchanger with salt. Such an element is most relevant if rigid water is used, which is the main reason for the appearance of scale on the heater.

    This in itself adversely affects the efficiency of the technique and its operation. This container is made of high quality steel, providing durability.

    One of the largest troubles with which you have to face the owners of modern dishwashers – this is leaks. The consequences of such emergencies are sometimes quite serious. Taking into account this, manufacturers of equipment equip their models with special features. This is about Aqua-Control and Aqua-Stop.

    To prevent leaks that can cause damage, including neighbor, it is required to identify a malfunction in a timely manner. For this in the PMM corresponds to the float, located in the pallet of the device.

    As soon as the system receives a leakage message, the water supply will be disconnected in automatic mode. The locking element in this case is a block consisting of 2 electromagnetic valves. It is located at the end of the bay hose of the dishwasher. One of the valves is constantly in the open position, and the second is a worker and triggers only after activating the machine.

    Principle of operation

    Many users are interested in what is happening inside the cleaning dishes of the machine after pressing the “Start” button. Unfortunately, to see what actions are performed there, it will not work. First of all, it is worth noting that for washing the dishes in the PMM will take:

    • detergent;
    • salt for softening rigid water;
    • Rinse.

    One of the key dignity of dishwashers is the lack of need to use sponges, brushes and other devices. The main requirement is to properly download the dishes. Otherwise it will be poorly washed. It should also be borne in mind that each model has a certain amount. The overwhelming majority of household cars are designed for 6 – 12 sets.

    As already noted, the use of the type of technology under consideration allows repeatedly reduce the consumption of water consumed compared to manual washing dishes. After downloading, you need to decide on the choice of the working mode, that is, the sequence of certain steps and their parameters. The full cycle time varies in the range from 25 to 160 minutes.

    It is worth considering that when using pre-wigging and rinse, the duration of the sink will automatically be increased by 20 minutes. At the same time period, the process will delay when heating water to 70 degrees.

    As the reviews show, the hostess most often use the following four modes:

    • intensive – for washing of highly polluted dishes (70 degrees, 60 minutes);
    • normal – with extra rinsing and drying (100 minutes);
    • quick – removal of light pollution (30 minutes);
    • economical – elimination of ordinary contaminants with the cost-effective distribution of the main consumables (120 minutes).

    After completing the main stage (directly washed with the appropriate means) the car goes to rinse, and then drying. As a result, the tableware is coming out of PMM, ready to use. It is worth noting that the final result of the entire process directly depends on the last two stages. But it is important to take into account that the duration of all the stages of the working cycle determines the cost of resources, and, consequently, the cost of washing.

    Water set and preparation

    It will be the initial stage at which the Camera PMM is initially filled with water in the desired volume. As a rule, it is cold, but some models have a connection and hot water supply. Water is passed through an ion exchanger, cleaning from extra impurities and sofver. Next stage is mixed with detergent.

    After water heats up to a temperature corresponding to the program selected by the user. For the achievement of the necessary parameters, the TEN is answered or flowing water heater – depending on the dishwasher model. It is worth noting that the second option works faster, but it spends more energy.

    An equally important point is that the replacement of ordinary Tan will cost cheaper.

    Spraying of the working solution

    Water prepared during the stages described (heated to a certain temperature and mixed with detergent) is supplied under pressure to sprinklers. Most often installed upper and lower, but there are models with additional side devices. Due to the rotation of special rocker, the water is evenly distributed across the water chamber.

    The tableware in PMM is completely wetted with hot water and detergent. At this time, contamination is removed from the surfaces of items. Used water gradually flows down, filtered and comes back to sprinklers. This process is repeated until the appropriate stage of the program is completed. After the last cycle, dirty water merges into the sewer.


    In the penultimate stage, rinsing pre-treated dishes. It uses a solution of water and a special liquid. The mixture is also supplied to the pressure chamber through the sprayers and removes the last traces of pollution, as well as detergents.

    Taking into account the features of the selected program, this stage may consist of one or two cycles. After their completion, the water merges from the chamber.


    Directly itself washing and rinse are not exhaustive stages of the whole process. Its final completion will be drying the objects placed in the chamber. The first version of the drying is the evaporation of moisture, which is natural and requiring significant time costs. Significantly accelerate the procedure allow special fans.

    The described mode is not only in budget modifications. The vast majority of dishwashers are equipped:

    • heat exchangers (drying based on condensation);
    • Heating spirals and fans (turbo);
    • zeolite blocks.

    The heat exchanger in this case is a sturdy plastic container in which cold water is located. The principle of its action is based on the fact that after the completion of all previous cycles of the program, the remaining moisture begins to evaporate and in the form of condensate to settle outside this block.

    The work of the tandem spiral and fan is the most efficient.

    However, it is worth considering a number of nuances. The first is associated with increasing energy used. In addition, it is important to pay attention to the seal on the cover of the machine, which should prevent leakage, as well as minimize the noise level created by the fan.

    The third way of drying dishes in the PMM is the most modern. Zeolite in the process of absorption moisture begins to actively allocate heat. The main advantage of this material is its ability to self-restoration, and therefore it is not necessary to change it.

    Distinctive features of different models

    At the moment, in the relevant segment of the market for modern household appliances, more than a wide range of dishwashers. In the conditions of a rather tough competition, manufacturers try to highlight their models due to additional options and systems. Regardless of the brand, the general principle of work at all PMM is the same. At the same time, some representatives of model orders of a brand may have its own characteristics and additional devices.

    1. Heat exchangers that allow energy consumed during drying dishes. However, it is important to consider that the duration of this stage increases.
    2. Water purity analyzers.
    3. Sensors that determine the presence of powder or capsule with detergent gel.
    4. Sensors responsible for determining humidity of already washed dishes.
    5. Additional fasteners for installing especially fragile dishes and glasses (glasses).
    6. Drying systems in turbojym, allowing to significantly speed up the final stage.
    7. Illumination activated when the door opens.
    8. Transparent glass of increased strength used as a decorative design element.
    9. The device projection on the floor of the room timer.

        Taking into account the performance characteristics of a specific model, it is possible to determine its functionality. For example, in some PMM, you can wash different roots (naturally, without adding detergent). In the PMM handle combs, rubber shoes and children’s toys. Also, such household appliances allows you to prepare dishes for a pair or in tomorrow mode.

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