The use of modern dishwashers allows you to significantly simplify life and save time that goes on washing dishes. Install her in the apartment is quite possible without the help of specialists.
General rules and requirements
First you need to learn the basic rules for installing dishwashers.
- Connect the device only directly to the outlet. Dishwashers consume a lot of electrical energy. Therefore, the use of extenders can lead to device breakdown.
- In the process of connecting the machine It is important to ensure that all the details are securely connected to each other.
- When installing a dishwasher, it is important to monitor the, To the gap between the rear panel of the device and the kitchen wall be in the range of 5-6 centimeters.
- Place for mounting the machine is better to choose in advance. In this case, you can choose the device of a suitable size. In addition, the dishwasher will fit better in the interior of modern cuisine.
It is not necessary to hope that the connected device does not have to disassemble. The installation of the dishwasher should be carried out so that in the event of a breakdown, the machines can be easily disassembly.
Tools and materials
Before proceeding with work, you need to prepare all the necessary tools. In the paper it will take a basic set of things:
- sealant and gun for him;
- FUM tape;
- clamps for hoses;
- adjustable key;
- screwdriver kit;
- three-core cable and socket;
- a hammer;
- acute knife.
For your own security, you need to choose high-quality gloves for work, as well as a protective rubber apron. We use the installation of the machine and the following plumbing elements:
- Connectors of a suitable diameter;
- ball valve;
- Pipes or hoses.
Before installing, it is also important to check the package of the dishwasher itself. It is best to do this in the presence of a store workers in which the purchase was made. If the kit is not all the details, it will be impossible to connect the dishwasher.
Planning a gathering product with your own hands, it is also important to make sure that the instruction that comes with the machine, translated into Russian. Otherwise, in the process of installing and connecting the dishwasher, a novice wizard may have problems.
There are several options for installing dishwashers.
On the table
Desktop dishwashers are distinguished by a small size. Install them easier. It is enough just to fix the drain hose running from the car in the sink, as well as connect it to the network. This option is best suited for small kitchen. It should be understood that such dishwashers are designed to serve small families.
In the kitchen set
You can install the car and in the finished kitchen. But the installation process is the most difficult. Before starting to work, a novice master will have to prepare a niche for the machine. In the process, it is important to consider the size of the selected model.
In advance, you need to drill and small openings for wiring, as well as for the output of the hose. Dishwasher in no way install next to the oven or gas stove.
Separately from the headset
Such devices are the most popular among buyers. Similar dishwashers can be installed in any suitable place. The main thing is that it is near the sewer. It is also important that in free access there is a separate moisture-resistant socket. Connect the dishwasher through adapters and extension cords.
Work with electrical wiring
One of the most difficult machines of the machine installation – work with electrical wiring. It is from it that the device connects the device.
First of all, you need to ground the dishwasher. You can do it, even living in a high-rise building. This process consists of three stages.
- First you need to prepare a three-core copper wire. It must be placed on the wall design and gently remove to the electrical tailor, which is located on the site. This item is required to fasten with the help of screws.
- Wire edges need to carefully clean. With the help of self-tapping and bolts, it is required to fasten on the shield.
- Next to the back of the dishwasher, you must attach the second edge of the wire. The desired location manufacturers are denoted using a special sign that is on the panel.
If a person has no experience in working with electrical appliances, it’s not worth the ground. This procedure is best to entrust professionals.
Selection of wiring
In the process of connecting the machine to the mains, it is recommended to use a high-quality stranded cable with copper wires. Such wiring will accurately maintain the power of the modern dishwasher. In addition, it does not deform and easily holds the right form.
To enjoy the dishwasher, it was possible without a health risk, it is necessary to connect it to a special moisture-proof outlet. Install it with your own hands is quite simple.
- First you need to choose a suitable place to locate the outlet. In the wall it is necessary to do the hole of the desired size.
- Next, you need to determine the location of the shifts.
- With the help of putty from water and plaster, the plastic base is required to fasten in the wall.
- In the stroke you need to lay cable. Wiring must be attached to the wall.
- Next, the ends of the cable must be protected from insulation, and the three-core wire is divided into parts.
- You can go to the next step, only before turning off the electricity in the house.
- Wires need to gently connect with contacts.
- After that, all the wires that are feeding must be hidden inside the socket.
- Next to the base is attached its working part. It is fixed with the help of self-tapping.
- After all these works, you need to fasten the socket cover. It must be securely fixed.
In the process, it is important to comply with all safety rules. In this case, no problems with installing the outlet will arise.
How to connect water?
Having finished working with electricity, you can move to the process of connecting the machine to the water supply. The first thing the Master will have to overlap cold water. Only after that you can start connecting the dishwasher.
As a rule, the device connects to the water pipeline through the mixer. The dishwasher connection scheme is as follows.
- From the pipe outlet, you must carefully disconnect the mixer hose.
- Next there you need to fix the brass tee. For threads you first need to hire a fum-tape.
- To one of the holes, you must connect the mixer to the other – the filter and the edge of the filling hose. The connection site is recommended to cover the sealant layer.
This process takes quite a bit of time. You can cope with such a task yourself. After completing the work, it is important to check all connections.
Connection of draining with sewage
People who live in modern buildings, problems with the connection of the dishwasher will not arise. Sewer pipes under the sink in such houses are equipped with a standard socket to which the drain highway is connected. Installing the car, this item should be disassembled. In her place it is necessary to attain a tee. You can buy a suitable detail in any construction store. Tees are sold along with rubber gaskets.
Installation of such a detail is very simple. The tee is simply pushed to the stop in the desired connector. Immediately after that, it is possible to insert a hose from the washbasin and a hose from the dishwasher. If the latter is installed in plastic plug, it is important not to forget to remove it.
The dishwasher drainage scheme in the old building looks more complicated, because in such houses the sewer pipes are made of cast iron. Disassemble elements of fastening such a sewage to a simple person will be difficult. In addition, it is worth remembering that cast iron is a fragile material. So, it is necessary to work with it especially gently, trying not to break anything in the process.
Very often, it is impossible to connect the drain hose to the cast-iron design directly. In this case, the master has to be installed on such a plastic adapter. It is very important to choose the right size of such a detail. Before it is installed, the cast-iron foundation needs to be well cleaned from pollution and dry. After that, the adapter is inserted into the inner flange and covered with a dense layer of silicone glue. In the framework prepared in this way, you can insert a drain hose.
If pig-iron pipes in the house are too old, they can be replaced with new. But it’s not worth doing it yourself – it is better to trust this work by a specialist.
Adjustment and first launch
As a rule, the step-by-step process of the first launch of the dishwasher is described in the instructions. It consists of five stages.
- To begin with, you need to connect the car to the network.
- Next you need to open water supply faucet. At the bottom of the device there is a small hole. It is tightly closed by cork. This hole needs to open. Inside you need to fall asleep special salt for water softening. The hole must be completely filled with this product.
- After that you need Enable food dishwashers.
- In a separate compartment you need to fall asleep powder. Instead, it can also be placed a special tablet.
- Having finished with the preparation, It is necessary to close the door tightly and install it on a short mode of operation.
After turning off the machine you need to carefully examine all the joints. They should not be any water drops. It is also important to touch wiring. It should be slightly hot. If the first launch passed without any problems, the machine can be used already for washing dishes. Test start of the device helps not only check the reliability of fastening the hoses to the siphon and the plumbing pipe, but also wash the device from the inside.
Separately, it is worth talking about adjusting the height of the dishwasher. Raising or lowering her front legs with their own hands, to achieve the correct location of the machine very simple. It is important that she stood steadily. It depends on how long the device will work. In addition, a securely fixed unit is less than noise.
Install the dishwasher on their own novice master will help the councils of specialists.
- Place the dishwasher stands next to the sink. If you do everything correctly, the device will be easier to connect to sewage and water supply. In addition, to use the machine in this case will also be more convenient.
- Embedding dishwasher in pencil or other furniture, under the table top it is necessary to install a metal plate. This will prevent the deformation of the floor covering, as well as protect it from a couple.
- Difficult table type can be placed on a rubber rug. This will reduce the noise levels and device vibration.
- To protect your dishwasher, it is important to install a high-quality filter intended for water purification. If there is an opportunity, it is also necessary to provide a water mitigation system. Due to this, on the walls of the car will not form scale.
- In the process of installing the dishwasher, it is important to follow step by step instructions, After all, different devices can have their own installation features.
- It is not recommended to connect the machine to the boiler. Water heater when the device is turned on, it will still be turned on. Therefore, to save will not work.
- In case of incorrect installation or after a while after operation, the machine may begin to leak. This leads to the appearance of mold, as well as to rotting machine and kitchen furniture housing. Solve this problem is quite simple. It is enough to determine the place of leakage, and then gently sew it with a clear sealant.
Following these ordinary tips, you can quickly cope with the installation of the dishwasher.
About how to connect a dishwasher with your own hands, look in the following video.