How to choose a sunscreen?

An even tan is a girl’s dream. Experts warn, in the pursuit of beauty do not forget about the safety of the skin. In summertime or when vacationing at a sunny resort, use sunscreen for the body. It can help reduce the negative effects of ultraviolet light, which causes skin aging.


  1. The best sunscreen manufacturers, which company to choose?
  2. The working principle and structure of sunscreen
  3. Types of sunscreens for tanning
  4. The parameters for choosing sunscreen
  5. Which sunscreen should I choose??
  6. How much does a sunscreen cost?

The best manufacturers of sunscreens, which company to choose?

The best manufacturers of sunscreens, which company to choose?

There is a wide range of cosmetics for face and body care on sale. There are thousands of SPF sunscreen names, but not every one of them justifies the price and provides UV protection. In such matters, it is better to trust the products of trusted manufacturers and not to risk your health.

  1. Nivea.The German manufacturer Beierdorf AG has been represented on the Russian market since 1989. It adheres to progressive methods of production and scientific research. The Nivea SUN line combines safe creams that are water-resistant and easy to use. They are approved by dermatologists and other experts.
  2. L’Oreal.The French company L’Oreal is the largest manufacturer of perfumes and cosmetics. It sells more than 600 million euros worth of products each year in Russia. Loreal sunscreens offer safe and reliable protection against UV rays.
  3. ederm.Among the Russian brands on the market stands out the
  4. ederm. The company is not as well-known, but offers some types of high quality products. The production uses the developments in the field of cosmetology and pharmaceuticals. The brand’s sunscreens have received a lot of positive feedback from consumers.
  5. Vichy.The French cosmetics brand is named after the spa town, where there are springs with healing water. It has been used to produce cosmetic products. The brand model is popular in our country. It is sold through pharmacy chains, which indicates the quality and safety.

Principle and structure of sunscreen

How sunscreen works and how it is formulated

The sun emits radiation in different ranges. The dangerous effect is caused by ultraviolet light, which is divided into three kinds, UVA, UVB and UVC. C rays are harmful to the human body, but are fully absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere. B rays reach the surface in the amount of no more than 5%.

A-rays make up the bulk of all UV radiation affecting human skin (95%). They lead to tanning, and with prolonged exposure to the sun to negative consequences – hypersensitivity, tissue damage (burns), cell mutations and cancer. Sun worshippers without sunscreen face loss of skin elasticity, rapid aging and the appearance of wrinkles.

Dermatologists, oncologists recommend the use of sunscreens when in the sun. It will help to avoid sunburn and prevent photo-aging of the skin. Products do not interfere with the appearance of a bronze tan.

The sunscreen operating principle is based on neutralizing the action of the A and B spectrum rays. Their action is as follows:

  1. Creation of effective UV filters;
  2. Prevent dangerous rays from penetrating skin layers, reducing the risk of burns and cancer;
  3. Chemical conversion of ultraviolet light energy into thermal energy.

The beneficial effect depends on the type of a particular sunscreen, its composition and other features. pay attention to the SFP value ranging from 4 to 50, it defines the level of protection from the effects of harmful radiation.

Types of sunscreen for tanning

Types of sunscreen for tanning

Cosmetologists offer different sunscreens for the face and body. They are selected according to individual needs and skin type. A simple classification of tanning products is the division according to the type of skin for which they are intended:

  1. for very light skin;
  2. for light;
  3. for normal;
  4. For dark.

People with pale and very light skin should be careful to protect themselves from ultraviolet radiation. It is better to choose products with intensive protection and SPF of at least 35. It is also recommended for those who find it difficult to get an even tan and must spend long periods of time in the sun. Intensive protection creams prevent burns and signs of premature aging and skin damage, but they are applied every 2 hours.

Products for light skin types – creams with SPF from 25 to 35. They are recommended to people of pale type with light blond hair, which after 1-3 hours in the sun burns on the shoulders and back. These sunscreens help to even out the tone of your tan without negative effects.

creams for normal skin are a common category. Their SPF values are from 15 to 25. The effect is to protect against burns, toning and regenerating properties. Tools are easy to apply and absorb. Recommended for people with lightly tanned skin and dark hair tones.

For darker-skinned people, it is better to choose creams with SPF of no more than 15. Such products are more for maintaining skin elasticity and preventing wrinkles. It is a lightweight texture that absorbs quickly and protects the skin from harmful UV rays.

The parameters for choosing a sunscreen are

The parameters for choosing sunscreen

When choosing a cream, it’s important to choose the right one, so it suits your skin type. Otherwise, the beneficial effect will be minimal.

The parameters include:

  1. the degree of protection from UV rays;
  2. physical and chemical filters;
  3. water resistance;
  4. consistency;
  5. Additional ingredients for hydration and firming.

People with fair skin who plan to spend a long time in the sun need creams with SPF protection above 30. For the rest, lightweight suntan products will do as well.

Physical and chemical filters protect against specific varieties of UV rays. To do this, it is worth studying the weather forecast for the region where the UV index is given. On the packaging of the cream is usually listed UVA, UVB protection. In this case, the IPD, PA label appears+. PPD.

To useful additional substances include, first of all, vitamins A, B, C, F. They strengthen and moisturize the skin and have an antioxidant effect. The undesirable additives include alcohol, parabens, oxybenzones, etc.

Water resistance is an important parameter. Even if you don’t plan to swim in the water, you will sweat in the sun. Good water resistance guarantees long lasting effect, otherwise the beneficial effect will be lost after 15-20 minutes.

Dermatologists and allergists point out that such cosmetics have serious effects on the skin. Each product should undergo clinical trials to confirm safety. First of all it is hypoallergenic. Otherwise, a person will experience dryness, burning, irritation.

which sunscreen to choose?

Which sunscreen should I choose?

First of all, you should choose a sunscreen for your specific skin type. Cosmetologists recommend having 5 types of creams on hand – for intense protection, dark skin, face and body, children. It all depends on how you plan to spend your time in the sun.

People with very white and sensitive skin are recommended products with an SPF rating of at least 35-40. This also includes those undergoing cosmetic procedures or skin surgery. Intense protection is also important for the first few days, when the skin is not yet tanned. This will avoid burns and hypersensitivity.

Remember that children also have sensitive skin, so they need products with intensive protection.

If the cream is planned to buy for daily use during walks or not long stay at the beach, then the standard means with SPF from 10 to 20 are suitable.

Filters play an important role. If a person wants to get a quick tan, then it is worth choosing creams with UVB filters only. If you plan to spend a lot of time in the sun, then pay attention to safety. In this case, products with UVA and UVB protection are used.

Pay attention to the indicators of water resistance – the higher the better. Such cream will not be superfluous, because it is taken with you on walks and the beach.

How much does a sunscreen cost?

The price of cosmetics varies depending on the brand, components, complexity of production.

Simple sunscreens are sold starting from 100 rubles.

Expensive products can cost more than 10,000 rubles.

In the following articles our experts tell you how to choose the right sunscreen for your face, the secrets of choosing a sunscreen after tanning and the peculiarities of choosing a sunscreen for hair removal.

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