Features, device and visit Hammam

Hammam: What it is and for what it needs – these questions arise from those who first decide to visit an unusual Turkish steam room with a low warm-up temperature. Today, such a spa complex can be equipped in a country house, hotel. Towels, doors, sun beds and other equipment for Turkish or Moroccan Hammam can be easily acquired outside the countries of the Middle East, but The culture of water treatment in such an institution should be studied separately and more.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

What it is?

Hammam – a variety of a bath complex, common in the countries of the Middle East and Central Asia. Also this word denote procedures that are conducted within this analogue of the Roman term. Outside the eastern countries, Hammam is more famous as a Moroccan or Turkish bath. From the sauna, it is distinguished by a reduced heat temperature – only 45 degrees in the hottest room. In addition, in Turkey and Morocco, a moisture mode is used in the steam room, approximate to 100%, which allows you to get skin with the useful substances, rejuvenate and improve it.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Hammam – Traditional Arabic invention, especially relevant in the climate of the Middle East. However, there is an opinion that here the tradition of a wet guar was simply undermined by the Romans who knew a lot in high-quality ablution.

In Turkey, the first Hammams appeared in the VII century, after the adoption of Islam as the main religion.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

After that, the maintenance of body cleanliness has turned to local residents in the urgent need, often came to the bath after visiting the mosque or before. Here arose integers Closed clubs for men, Women’s Day was appointed especially every week.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Traditions to visit Hammam in especially important moments of life are preserved today. Bachelorette party and boyfriend before the wedding, 40 days from the moment of the birth of a child, circumcision and completion of the service in the army – just a small part of the reasons for collecting family and friends in Turkish baths.

For residents of Russia, such exotic became relevant about 30 years ago, in the 90s of the XX century. The luxurious halls of public baths in oriental style produced a strong impression on the first participants in foreign currency. Soon the first Hammams appeared in Moscow, and they were focused on the female audience, the innovations were far from immediately.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Benefit and harm

Whether Hammam needs it, whether he is useful for children and adults, a lot is also said by specialists, and novice lovers of wet couple. This bath works a little different than the Russian steam room and Finnish sauna. But its benefits are absolutely indisputable and is the following.

  • Detoxification. The special atmosphere of Hammam provides a full disclosure, removal of toxins, provokes sweating. It is worth paying attention to the fact that with a long and regular exposure of a wet pair, the skin condition is really improved, acne and acne pass, the tone increases. After visiting the Turkish bath, the tan is saved, looks evenly, it is better to go.
  • Reducing body weight. Own home hammam allows you to ensure a more efficient impact of lymphatic procedures, massage. With it, it is possible to remove cellulite, reduce volumes. It cannot be said that the Turkish bath strongly accelerates weight loss, but it accurately helps make it much more pleasant and comfortable, ensures the assignment of the result.
  • Reducing skin. Increased secretion of the sebaceous glands delivers a lot of problems. With regular passage of the procedure with a wet ferry, a narrowing of pores can be achieved, normalize many processes in the body. The condition of the skin and hair becomes significantly better, eliminated excessive fat.
  • Fighting cold. In the absence of increased body temperature, the Turkish steam room can be considered an integral part of successful treatment. In Hammam, it is possible to carry out aromatherapy sessions, to ensure uniform heating of the respiratory organs, as when setting cans and mustard, but do it in the complex. Such a domestic steam room will be a truly good solution for children, not too loving therapeutic procedures.
  • Relaxation and antistress. Hammam’s visit contributes to deep muscle relaxation, helps to get rid of clamps, excessive ejection of lactic acid. It is this way that relaxation provides a successful struggle with fatigue, overwork, depression. Even with a strong stress, a couple of hours in Hammam will help bring the mind and feeling in balance, will relieve the feeling of anxiety and tension.
  • Removal of pain in the joints. The Turkish bath with its soft, delicate heat provides a beneficial effect on the state of the musculoskeletal system during arthritis, arthritis, osteochondrosis. Restoration after injuries and fractures, the fight against salt deposition in such conditions is faster and more efficient. Can be considered a procedure for visiting the complex as part of physiotherapy.
  • Fighting chronic diseases of the respiratory organs. Bronchitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, constantly arising against the background of colds, can completely and disappearly disappear, if you make a regular visit to the Turkish bath with your useful habit. Wet steam combined with warming up, the use of aromatic oils works better than any physiotherapy. A person at the same time enjoys the procedure, it’s nice time.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

The harm of the Turkish bath is directly connected only with individual restrictions established for specific people. For example, prohibited procedures with a ferry if a person is in an acute painful condition: with increasing body temperature, the development of inflammatory processes, the presence of chronic diseases in the acute phase. A visit to the bath and with the tumors available in the body of any type – benign, malignant. Pathogenic neoplasm may begin to grow, as the warming provokes cell division.

Do not attend Hammam in the period of having a child. Under the prohibition procedures for people with lung diseases: tuberculosis, bronchial asthma. Do not visit the Turkish bath after a suffered infarction, stroke, with problems with vessels, an endocrine system, liver diseases.

Procedures in this case will cause more harm than good, can provoke deterioration of health.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Temperature mode

Hammam – one of the most gentle bath procedures. Air heating temperature, depending on the room, it varies here in the range from +30 to +60 degrees Celsius. The warm-up process occurs gradually, without “shock therapy”, with a gradual disclosure of pores. At the same time, the level of humidity varies from 80 to 100%. During the construction of the Turkish bath, it is necessary to comply with the correct temperature transitions when changing halls. Hammam reminds the gallery, in each room of which installed its heating mode:

  • + 28-30 – degrees in the locker room;
  • + 40-50 – in the room Sundle with sun beds;
  • +40-50 – on the marble benches of Chebek Tashi;
  • up to +70 – in the pylines niche, the temperature in them is different, for every taste.

By providing gradual warming up and cooling of the body, you can feel the indescribable feeling of lightness, comfort, relaxation achieved only in the Turkish bath.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Device

Modern hammam may well accommodate in an ordinary country house, in the country, in the apartment. It is not necessary to even develop a project of a full-fledged bath complex – ready-made shower cabins with a bathroom and steam generator easily cope with the imitation of the principle of work of the Turkish Spa in a conventional bathroom. For those who have enough free space, it is possible to create a full-fledged hammam in a private house. In the apartment, standard ventilation with such loads will simply not cope.

Features, device and visit Hammam

This Turkish Hammam begins With interior design. It uses a glossy ceramic finish – mosaic, with a complex decor or painting. Sun beds, referred to as “Chebek Tashi”, make from marble, like the seats in the steam room, equip the individual heating system. Rest rooms have low round tables and sofas, tea and fruit serves.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

In the center of the main hall is a marble stone. For this room, the creation of the ceiling dome is characterized, allowing condensing moisture to drain along the walls. In modern performance, a moisture-resistant fan with condensate trap connected to the ventilation system is used.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Besides, It does not use wooden parts and structures here – Only natural minerals or ceramic tie to decoration. You can use for decorating wall panels from artificial stone or transparent natural onyx, matte marble, travertine. Hammam lighting is also special. Luminaires are located in the steam room and other halls at different levels, create a special situation.

The muffled, scattered rays emphasize the relaxing atmosphere.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Even on a small area, shower steam Turkish bath may look quite realistic: just sun beds will replace the seats, the bowl for the ablution will turn into modern equipment with a tropical shower effect, the glass doors will help to keep the desired temperature inside. For relaxation will be answered by flavoring, dosing essential oils. About how home hammam is arranged, it is worth talking more.

Especially since Turkish baths with boilers on firewood deserve. The scheme of the location of their halls is like a brush of a human hand with five fingers. And everyone has its own purpose that you have to consider when designing. Attend the halls in the same way – in a strictly instituted order.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

entrance

He is separate for men and women – That is how it is in traditional hammamams. This is connected mainly with the traditions of Islam. In addition, such a separation allows the finishing of each of the parts of the building in different colors and designs. In fact, in Turkish Hammam, even coming into it at the same time, men and women cannot cross – all rooms in the right and left wing are mirrored and insulated.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Dressing room

A room intended for change of clothing is called “Jumekan”. Here they remove the daily vestments and take sheets, slippers, in the center of the tradition hall there are a fountain. Nude be not accepted, Is it necessary for spa procedures. It is worth considering when visiting public Hammamov.

Slippers, too, must be worn, the floor in individual rooms heats up to 70 or more degrees.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Pair

Hararet, or steam, – Central Hammam. The temperature here reaches its maximum, comes to 55-60 degrees. In the room in the center there is a marble “abdomen”, and around it – benches from natural stone, where the main procedures are received, you can relax and how to warm up. Inside the chart can also be installed a special font – Kurn, replacing the pool.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Around the central hall are located showers for doubling after steam room. From here, from Hararette Hall, you can go to Kuulkhan. This room refers to the auxiliary premises. Here we rest, they organize tea drinking, communicate after ablutions.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

SunCue

The wash room is usually bordered by the locker room, and the steam room is already behind him. There is here showers, access to the toilet. The temperature regime inside reaches 30-35 degrees, which allows you to prepare a body to further sprinkling, contributes to the disclosure of pores.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

How to visit?

Rules of behavior in Hammam exist for all guests – and locals, and visitors. If we are talking about Turkey, Morocco, other Muslim countries with strict religious canons, it is necessary to produce a separate visit for men and women. It is worth finding out in advance where which entrance to the bath is located. Visitors inside necessarily turn into a sarong wherever the nudity is not provided.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

When visiting a common hall with benches, it is necessary to lay a towel before lie down. In all rooms it is necessary to be in special slippers. After warming up It is impossible to get up sharply, It is necessary to carefully take a vertical position, without superfluous. At the entrance to the Turkish bath, alcoholic beverages and other stimulants are customary to leave for its threshold. After receiving food, there should be at least 1-1.5 hours, for a complete stomach procedure to visit prohibited.

The average frequency of Hammam’s visits – 1 time per week. The duration of the session should be not more than 1.5-2 hours.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

Required set of items for Hammam

There is a certain list of items traditionally used in Hammamams during water procedures. Today, the complete set of taking with you not necessarily. If you want to keep the authenticity of the procedure, it is worth sure to take care of the acquisition of the following accessories.

  • Pechestoneal, or Dog-Te-Mal. This is a towel, complemented by a fringe, which is customized to wrap around the body. It is made of silk or cotton, made wide – from the armpits to the middle of the hip, a striped ornament or a monophonic color is allowed. In total, 3 towels are used in Hammam, from 1 a head turban is made, out of 2 – cape for shoulders, the latter turns around the body.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

  • Nain. So called wooden sabo, providing good clutch with the surface, they do not heat up, comfortable for the skin. Such products are often richly decorated, complement with silver or pearl decor elements.

Features, device and visit Hammam

  • Bowl for ablution. It is similar to the usual pelvis, but made of metal – copper, silver, may be made gold-plated. In Turkey, you can buy original bowls for ablution with ethnic ornament, richly decorated, transforming a procedure for visiting Hammam to a real ritual.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

  • Soap Storage Capacity. It is made of metal, with handles from above, like a bag, as well as holes for flowing water through the bottom. There are not only soaps, but also a mittens or glove to scraping the skin, wash, crest.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

  • Ces. This is so referred to as the most mitten for self-massage of the body. With it, you can easily ensure the surface of the skin surface, removing from it dead, oroging particles. The degree of rigidity of the washcloth may change, sometimes they specifically select several different cesses – for light or deep peeling.

Features, device and visit Hammam

  • Cosmetical tools. These include pink oil, designed to apply to the surface of the body after the procedures. Henna as a hair mask is taken together with a special bowl in which the powder is divorced to a cascidular state. Also in Hammam Eastern beauties perform eyebrows.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

It is important to take into account that it is not customary to use the Turkish bath. Special people work here – Telak, which conduct massage sessions, make masks, perform other procedures in compliance with all precautionary measures.

At home, it is possible to cope with the task with the help of the most rigid mittens and special massage rods.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Features, device and visit Hammam

The procedure for receiving water procedures

When visiting Hammam, to achieve the best recreation effect, it is necessary to comply with a certain sequence of actions. The correct order is presented below.

  1. Rinsing in the soul or other running water source.
  2. Moving on a heated marble sunbed – for pore opening. The procedure takes about 20 minutes while the body will not feel relaxation and comfort.
  3. Peeling. The body is triturated with rigid washcloths, better natural – from LUFFA, providing a rather intensive massage effect. With the correct compliance with the procedure for actions, it is possible to achieve the intensive branch of the skin cells.
  4. Removing the consequences of peeling. Need to take a shower again.
  5. Naming with special soap based on olive oil. It has a beneficial effect on the body, helps to prepare for massage. In the classic hammam massage session can occupy up to 60 minutes.
  6. Washing soap foam. After that, the body can be resting, moving out of a bathing with thermal water in a rest room.
  7. In the room, referred to Kyulkhan, tea drinking, men here can smoke hookah or just communicate with each other.

Features, device and visit Hammam

Only following all the recommendations associated with visiting Hammam, you can fully enjoy the procedures.

It is worth noting that the real Turkish bath is still different from compact shower cabins with steam generators, imitating the atmosphere of steam room. But even such a mini-spa house can be quite useful for spiritual and bodily equilibrium.

How to build a hammam with your own hands, look in the following video.

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