The honeysuckle is more known as wolf berry, it represents a unpretentious culture and gained widespread in landscape design to arrange household plots, parks and squares. Culture is distinguished by persistence to adverse weather factors, it is little susceptible to pest attacks and fungal infections. At the same time, the plant actively grows up and also has an exclusively decorative species.
The honeysuckle is also called forest, ordinary and even wild. In natural conditions, it is found in conifers and mixed forests, it can be found on small forest edges, in undergrowths, as well as near ravines and on the banks of the rivers.
In the people, the honeysuckle of this species is called wolf berry. This is due to the fact that its fruits are attractive, but poisonous.
Plant is a low shrub. It has a gray-brown bark, on adult branches, it peels with thin longitudinal stripes. In favorable conditions, it grows up to 2.5 m. Young shoots more often greenish either have red sings.
The leaflets of the honeysuckle reach 5 cm in width and 7 cm long. The shape of the sheet plates is all-axis, oval-elliptical, slightly pointed on top. Coloring – Dark, matte. The back side has a pronounced grayish shade, densedly chosen by small hairs. Central Violet Square.
Wolf’s wolf blooms when the trees are just beginning to bloom the very first flowers – In the middle lane of Russia, this time falls in the middle of May. Flowers-Agent-white, small, collected in inflorescences 2-4 pieces, exuded fragrant fragrance. Crazhelistic Cropped, can be naked or covered with vile, length – up to 10-13mm.
Plant – biscuit. Ripening fruit comes in July. Berries has a bright red color, shape – spherical. Berries may have a characteristic shine. Often there are twin.
Important. Despite all the external attractiveness, the fruits of forest honeysost contain toxic substances – they are believed to be unbearable.
It is this poisonousness that caused an unusual nickname plant “Wolf Berry”. But in folk medicine, the plant has gained widespread as a vomit, laxative and wound-healing agent. In addition, the bark and greens of this plant with a big hunt eats small cattle.
Forest honeysuckle – unpretentious plant. But it is important for it to choose the best place. It is quite comfortable. It develops near walls of buildings and fences. In the natural environment, the culture occupies the average tier of forests, therefore adapted to partial shading. Although in all its glory it is manifested on the sun lit by the sun.
Shortly before planting the wolf berries should prepare the boarding fossa – it is formed at the rate of 60-70 cm deep and 50-60 cm wide. Drainage from clamzit or rubble layer 5-7 cm is laid out. The mixture of 5-8 kg of manure, 60-80 g of superphosphate and 50-60 g of potassium salt. Soils are prepared from the turf, humoring, peat and sand, torn proportions 3: 1: 1: 1. The optimal level of soil acidity – ranging from 7 to 8.5 units.
It is necessary to plant the honeysuckle in such a way that the root neck after the seal and sedimentation of the soil ranged at about the ground level. When forming a living hedge between seedlings, a distance of 1.5-2 m should be observed. After planting the plant needs to pour and cover the land in the rolling circle of mulch – it will save moisture and accelerate the adaptation of a young seedver.
The most comfortable honeysuckle is adjacent to coniferous and deciduous bushes:
- fir conic;
- Spring-winding spirits;
- plenty roses;
- Tis berry.
Care for the honeysuckle does not need special troubles. She needs a set of standard agrotechnical procedures – Regular watering, making nutritional feeding, loosening, mulching, sanitary and forming trimming, as well as preparation for winter time.
For the honeysuckle successfully grew, developed and pleased with his decorative species, she needs feeding. Early spring, before the start of the deployment, the mineral complex is made at the rate of 20-30 g per bush. Shortly before flowering, a three-step liquid feeding is carried out, the work structure is prepared from 10-15 g of nitroammophos dissolved in water bucket. During the autumn popple in the rolling zone, the ascent is made at the rate of 100-200 g per plant.
A good effect gives extractive processing, for this takes 1 part of the urea, 1 part of the superphosphate, 5 parts of calcium chloride. The resulting mixture is dissolved in a bucket of water and produce spraying. It is best to carry out processing in the evening either on a cloudy day. Extra-corner feeders spend 3-4 times per season.
In the first year after landing, the plant should be watered more often and richly, then watering gradually reduce. With moderate weather, watering wolf berries produce 7-10 times per season, while each bush should be made by 1.5-2 water buckets. The amount of irrigation is adjusted with the weather factors. If in the summer there are strong rains and shower with thunderstorms, the additional moisture of the honeysuckle is not needed. A dry summer plant needs more abundant and frequent watering.
Advice. In hot weather it is best to use the technique of sprinkling. Watering through the hose can cause a burn of sheet plates.
Loosening and mulching
3-5 times per season It is necessary to carry out soil. Also do it in cases where the earth is strongly compacted from irrigation. During the loosening, the land is drunk to a depth of 5-10 cm, in parallel remove all the weeline grass. Such a procedure facilitates the influx of air to the roots, improves the absorbency of moisture and fertilizer.
To keep water in the substrate, after loosening and watering the ground cover mulch. The optimal solution will be the use of peat with a layer of 10 cm. Alternatively, you can take straw, sawdust or coniferous needles.
Wolf berry easily tolerate any haircut, molding and trimming. At the end of winter or early spring, all old, injured and sick branches are removed. If necessary, break the crown.
It is advisable at this time to remove the top, as well as the section of the stem to the place of branching of the largest stem stall.
When carrying out radical rejuvenation, all the stems are removed to the maximum branching section, that is, just above the base.
At the end of bloom, the blurred shoots shorten on half the length
Wolf berry refers to frost-resistant cultures, so it does not need additional shelter. But so that the shrub is easier to suffer cold, it is covered with a snack. A good effect gives manure laid with a layer of 5-6 cm, in the process of melting of the snow, it will create an additional feeding.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that the honeysuckle forests refers to hardy cultures, with non-compliance with agrotechnology, it may be affected by all sorts of infections:
- Puffy dew – This is a disease of a fungal type, which is rapidly developing in a lack of watering. A characteristic symptom becomes dusty light gray stains on leafy plates. If you do not treat the fungus, he will cover all the leaves in a matter of days, and then reinfects other areas of the honeysuckle.
- For treatment It is necessary to remove all the affected shoots and make a prophylactic spraying of fungicidal drugs.
- Black blame – Another fungal disease, which often amazes shoots with a weakened immunity. They appear black raid from spores and mushrooms, it can be erased with my fingers. To save the plant, you need to cut all the diseased fragments and burn them. Healthy fabrics spray burgundy liquid.
- Ramularity – This is a fungal disease in the form of brown spots with a white middle. Its distribution contributes to the reduced temperature in combination with high humidity. For the treatment of the bush, it is necessary to spray it with fungicide or copper vigorous.
Wolf berry can be a victim of insect attacks. Methods of combating them varies depending on the type of pest.
- For the destruction of scoops and spiders use “Bovterin”.
- Against the colony of Tibe effectively spraying with tobacco with the addition of green soap to increase the adhesion. Processing is made from the bottom and outdoor.
- Neutralize the switchboard allows a three-time spraying “Rogor” or “AcTelly” with a frequency of 1.5-2 weeks.
- If the landings are attacked by the gooseberry spin, save the plant will help the compositions “Phytoverm”, “Fufanon” or “Aktellik”.
- Eliminate the rose leaflet, which leads to the spinning of the sheets, allows the treatment with the drugs “Eleksar” or “Decis”.
Application in landscape design
Despite poisonous properties, the honeysuckle Forest has gained widespread in urban and suburban landscaping. Culture distinguishes exceptional decorativeness – it blooms for a long time, after the end of flowering, the shrub decoration becomes brightly scrub berries, they look very impressive against the background of a saturated-green foliage.
To other advantages of honeysuckle include:
- resistance to drought and freezing;
- the ability to grow even on dense, lowland substrates;
- Successfully grows and develops in a drawing of large cities and nearby with roads, the plant quickly adapts even to the polluted air itself;
- It is considered a good honeycomb and attracts pollinator insects.
In addition, the wolf of the berry is a long-liver. In one place, it can grow up to 25 years, and in favorable conditions and that longer.
However, the plant has a disadvantage – it gives a rather thick increase, so requires regular thinning trimming.
Forest honeysuckle often use for garden landscaping. It is not afraid of trimming, bush wolf berries can take any, even the most intricate forms. Nevertheless, it is most often used as a living hedge – she quickly and thick grow up, forming almost impassable thickets. They decorate the site and besides protect it from dust and wind.
Wolf berry has exceptional decorativeness. It is often used to create stylish landscaped compositions. To do this, it is combined with other cultures. Best of all it looks surrounded by roses with long shoots, making up beautiful plants, as well as near coniferous shrubs.