What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Usually during the growing season, potatoes do not feed, for this reason, the main part of the nutrients must be made in the wells during the planting of the vegetable. In the article, consider in more detail what put in the well when planting potatoes.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What fertilizers add?

So that the potatoes grow well, it is necessary to get it in the spring. First of all, it needs micro and macroelements such as nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, phosphorus, copper. If you provide all the necessary fertilizers in the spring, then the potatoes will improve significantly, namely:

  • increases the level of harvest;
  • improves taste quality, as well as appearance;
  • Soil will enricts all the necessary components for the normal development of potatoes;
  • Vegetable becomes resistant to various diseases.

Find potatoes with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The first element contributes to active growth and is responsible for the formation of green masses, potash and phosphoric fertilizers allow you to improve the taste and promote the development of vegetable. Let us dwell on the main fertilizer groups.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Mineral

Mineral fertilizers are recommended to add to the wells while planting potatoes in spring. We should stick to those doses that are presented in the instructions, then it turns out a healthy and rich harvest. Mineral fertilizers are represented by several varieties.

  • Urea (carbamide). This option is used quite often to grow potatoes. This fertilizer is ideal for alkaline soil. 1 teaspoon of urea should be added to each yam, the earth is poured on it, then put the landing material. On average, one hundred meters of territory will require 2 kg of urea.
  • Ammonium nitrate. This fertilizer can be used at least every year, in addition, it costs pretty cheap. Initially, fertilizer is sold in the form of granules, of which a solution is already preparing. It can be used both separately and in a tandem with a fungicidal drug. In the second case, potatoes can be soaked before landing. One hole will take about 4-5 ammonium nitrate granules, but if the potato is grown in poor earth, then you can use up to 10 granules.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Complex

The introduction of complex fertilizers allows to strengthen the root system of vegetable, accelerate the process of formation of corneeling, and also increases resistance to various fungal diseases. A fairly wide range of complex fertilizers, such as “biomaster”, “Biona”, “FASHASOM”, “Gera”, Agros and others. Consider several sought-after species.

  • Ammophos. This option includes several elements: phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. They increase yields, as well as the shelf life of the vegetable.
  • Nitroposka and nitroammofoska. These fertilizers include potassium chloride, superphosphate, potash and ammonium salter. With their help, the fertility of the soil and protection of potatoes from various diseases increases. One hole will require 0.5 teaspoons of nitroposki and 10 grams of bone flour.
  • Azophoska. This fertilizer is quite commonly used for various plants. It consists of sulfur, potassium, phosphorus and a lot of nitrogen. Such a mix is ​​quite easily absorbed by various plants, including potatoes. Azophoski can be applied separately or in a complex with other fertilizers. For fertilizing potatoes, it is necessary to add about 3 grams of Azophoski into each well.
  • Superphosphate. If a fertilizer containing phosphorus is needed, then the superphosphate is the best solution. This fertilizer entered calcium, sulfur and other elements that are absorbed by potatoes are quite easy. With the help of superphosphate, there is an increase in the vegetative mass, the taste qualities of the root crops are improved.

One hundred will take several kilograms of this fertilizer. Superphosphate is a full-fledged feeder.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Organic

This variety of fertilizers includes productivity products, so it is environmentally friendly. Organic fertilizers are preferably used when growing vegetable crops so as not to use chemicals. Each type of organic has features that need to be considered when choosing a fertilizer.

  • Manure. For potatoes, fertilizer with fresh manure are optimal because they contribute to rapid growth and development. When the manure is added, the quality of the soil is improved, it becomes more loose and fertile, and the roots of the plants are obtained in full moisture and oxygen. It is for potatoes who preferably apply cow or horse manure. They are added to the soil at the autumn time after harvest. Per square meter will need 10 kg of organic. For winter, manure gradually decomposes and highlights heat that is so necessary to potato after disembarking. And in the spring it is possible to make a composition comprising 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, as well as 150 grams of overworked by one hole. You can only make manure 1 time in 3-4 years.
  • Bird litter. This fertilizer is also quite popular because it includes many nutrients and minerals. For this reason, it can be made in the soil only diluted. Mix a bird litter and water in proportion 1: 20 and insist 5 days. If you do not adhere to proportions, then the roots can burn. Just 1 liter infusion from chicken litter on potato bush.
  • Wood ash. This fertilizer includes phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, nitrogen and other valuable minerals. It should be known that the chemical composition of ash depends on the burning breeds of trees. Adding such a composition will improve taste qualities, will help the rapid development of tubers, an increase in the green mass, and will also become more nutritional. Wood ash recommended in the form of infusion. One well is 80 grams of ash.
  • Compost. This is the cheapest organic fertilizer. On the site you can dig a hole in which all the remnants of vegetables, fruits, vegetation and even the remains of food will be collected. From time to time should be made of sand or soil layers. Periodically, the compost must be mixed and praised with a stick for the release of gases, which are formed due to the rotation of the organic. After a year or a half of the humus is ready to use.

One hole of potatoes is enough to add a handful of such fertilizer.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Review of ready-made mixes

There are already ready-made mixtures from different manufacturers, which contain all the necessary substances that allow improved potato quality. Sometimes their composition includes special components, with which culture is better absorbed by fertilizers. Let’s stop more on several ready-made mixtures.

  • “OMA Potato” – Universal fertilizer, which has a rather long action. Using this organic fertilizer, you do not need to additionally use other additives. Potatoes becomes resistant to fungal diseases, as well as prevents rotting. No more than 1 tablespoon of feeding should be applied to one well. If this drug is combined with calmagnezia in proportion 5: 1, then efficiency will increase significantly.
  • “Kemira Potato” – Popular feeding for potatoes. It does not contain chlorine, is safe and easy to use. The balanced composition increases the harvest of root rates by about 70-100%. In the wells you should add only 20 grams of this substance.
  • “Potato Firth” – an excellent tool containing important trace elements, while there is no chlorine in its composition. This feeder improves tuber growth, as well as their burning. On one well enough only 15 grams.
  • “Agromax” – This is a fairly known tool that includes organic components. It is ideal for increasing growth. If it is used to plant potatoes, it will excellently replace phosphorus-potash fertilizer. It is very important before using in detail to read the instructions, since the use method primarily depends on which culture is used. On average, 1 square meter will require about 2.5 liters of mortar, which is recommended to do a few days before use.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Folk feeding

Many gardeners love to use folk methods to feed potatoes during landing. Such means are affordable and inexpensive, contain all the necessary mineral complex for active growth and development of tubers. In this case, it is very important to adhere to the recipe and dosage. Consider several options.

  • Dung Zhig. To increase the yield and improve the quality of the soil, a means made from manure. It is completely organic, positively affects the growth of plants. For cooking, you will need to take a barrel for 100-200 liters, then it is necessary to fill in with a manure of about 2/3, and add water to the top. Barrel is recommended to cover and leave for 12 days, while you need to mix several times a day. At the end, it is recommended to use 1 kg of wood ash at 100 liters. One hole will require only 1 liters. The most nutrient is the rabbit or horse manure.
  • Long husk. This option is ideal for protecting potatoes from a wire. Initially it is worth saving onion husks. When landing into each well under potato, it is necessary to pour one handful of onion husk. To make a more efficient means, it is enough to mix onion husks and coniferous opead.
  • Eggshell. The use of eggs shell allows us to protect the harvest not only from the wireman, but also from the Medveda. It should be noted that the shell should be raw, eggs do not need to pre-cook. The shell is recommended to dry carefully, thoroughly grind and pour in hand in every well before planting potatoes.
  • Dolomitic flour. This product can become an excellent fabric for potatoes, if it is planted on sour soil. In each well for landing it is necessary to put 50-100 grams of dolomite flour. In addition, many gardeners emphasized that the Colorado beetle becomes less.
  • Mustard cake. This natural fertilizer is suitable for highly depleted land. In addition, this tool will protect potatoes from various harmful insects and their larvae. It is recommended to fall asleep one tablespoon of cake powder.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

Common mistakes

Inexperienced gardens quite often make mistakes. Consider a few common.

  • Often tubers are laid on feeding. It is better to make mixing fertilizer with a small amount of land, and then put the potato. Otherwise, strong drugs can harm the landing material.
  • Valid dosage is exceeded. For fertilizer to bring exceptionally to benefit, you need to adhere to the quantity, do not use more fertilizer, since excess feeding can, on the contrary, lead to the drying of the future harvest.

Always before using the drug you need to get acquainted with the instructions.

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

What put in the well when planting potatoes?

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