What and how to get garlic?

Despite the fact that garlic can always be found on sale, it is often grown on domestic sites. Right and regular feeding during the growing season are of great importance, because only thanks to them you can get a good harvest.Beginner gardeners are often interested, which feeders are best to apply in what quantities when they are better to enter. About this and talk in the article.

What and how to get garlic?

Timing

Fertilizers make not only in the fall, before landing, but also in the spring, and even in the summer. The main thing is to know the proportions, deadlines so that the feeding brought a positive result.

Autumn

From the autumn period the preparation of the place of garlic begins. Two weeks before landing, you can make the first feeding. Any experienced gardene will say that without the proper amount of nutrients in the ground get a high-quality harvest of garlic will not work. The soil, which has been revealed by a high level of acidity, is not suitable for growing garlic, its leaves are yellow.

Therefore, before starting feeding, it is necessary to reduce this indicator.

If the place of the garlic has high acidity, it is necessary to make lime, it is better for hated, and you can also add a substance to a soil in which a lot of calcium. This is usually an egg shell, but it is difficult to get it in a lot of quantities, so Wood ash is perfect.

What and how to get garlic?

It is useful to complement the soil with the following mixtures:

  • sand and peat (by bucket) that help improve the quality of heavy and clay soil;
  • clay and peat – for sandy zones;
  • clay and sand – for peat swamps.

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

If you add to the soil the necessary fertilizers in early autumn, then you can easily improve the structure of the soil and provide it with nutrients. Until spring and mineral complexes will be able to dissolve.

There are many mapping schemes, and each is checked by experience. Here are the two most effective.

  • In the process of pinching the site, they advise immediately add superphosphate in the amount of 20 grams, as well as humid (5 kg per square meter).
  • If there is a compost or overwhelmed manure, they will need 4-5 kg ​​to the operating square of the area, while the potash salt is used in the amount of 25 grams and the dual superphosphate granules are put. The latter needs 35 g per square meter.

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

If the compost was bought independently, then it is allowed to use it in large quantities. They cover the sowing area to the rescue, 1 square meter can be taken up to 11 kg. Well ripening compost is the optimal view of the organications on any plot. Organizer, mixed with other components, is evenly distributed over the surface of the soil and neatly dripped with a soil to the depth of the shovel.

What and how to get garlic?

In addition to the indicated mixtures, it is well suited for garlic in the fall and other options in the following proportions.

  • Potassium salt in the amount of 20 g and granulated superphosphate (30 g) are mixed with a humor, which will need half a bucket. It is allowed to use peat, but then it needs 1 bucket. Such a ratio of ingredients is designed for one square meter.
  • 0.5 liters of solvent of ash are added to one bucket, and then there are several large spoons of potassium sulfate and one spoon of double superphosphate.

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

There are many types of organics that are used for feeding the described vegetable. This is the grass, and old leaves that are mixed with ash, superphosphate and nitroposka. The last three elements are needed on a tablespoon, and foliage – 3 kilograms.

What and how to get garlic?

Important: It is not recommended to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the fall. This will lead to an active growth of germs, which is undesirable before the winter. Take, for example, urea, ammonia, calcium or sodium nitrate as nitrogen substitutes. The number of any component must be twice as smaller than phosphorus and potassium.

Spring

Winter and Spring Garlic – Some of the most demanding crops. Fertilizer helps vegetables get the necessary protection against diseases. Such garlic is perfectly withstanding unfavorable environmental factors. In addition, the plant that has grown strong and quite developed, can independently displace weeds from the site.

In addition to increasing the volume of heads, fertilizer helps to improve the properties of vegetables with a special aroma. Due to this, the cost of such a crop is significantly higher in the market. But it is not necessary to abuse the use of fertilizer in the spring, because from the overaction of micro and macroelements in the soil can go to the uncontrolled growth of weeds, and they often destroy garlic plantation.

What and how to get garlic?

In the spring it is necessary to comply with certain recommendations:

  • The first time to feed garlic is necessary for 14-16 days before landing;
  • Fertilizers worth choosing, taking into account the main needs of plants in some microelements, so it is so important to first study the type and composition of the soil;
  • fertilize primer preferably at dawn or after sunset, which avoids evaporation of solutions under the influence of ultraviolet radiation;
  • When applying dry fertilizers, the soil must be moistened, otherwise their digestibility decreases significantly;
  • Do not exceed the dosage of funds, otherwise burns may appear, as a result of which garlic will just die.

What and how to get garlic?

Spring feeding provides a three-step process.

  1. A week after melting snow you can spend the first feeding. It helps garlic intensify growth and strengthen in the ground. During this period, mineral complexes based on urea or other compounds are needed.
  2. The second feeding will be required 14 days after the first, approximately in May. Specialists advise using liquid fertilizers. It is very important that they consist of potassium, phosphorus and a small amount of nitrogen.
  3. Third feeding must be made in July. Thanks to her, too early garlic arrows, who pull the juice, because of what the rootpode ceases to actively form. Heads will be large if the plant is to feed at this stage of nitrogen compounds. The most common means is ash wildlife.

What and how to get garlic?

The first two points can be moved by 7-14 days, the third one must go on time. If this is not done, then the effect of the proper can not be expected. Or there will be a lack of green mass.

Summer

Summer fertilizers are as important for the described vegetable, like autumn or spring. They are usually brought 30 days before harvesting. Undercalinking in the summer is the third stage of macestling into the ground. This is the time of forming a head when the plant is extremely needed by potassium and phosphorus. Therefore, crusts actively use superphosphate. The drug is bred in the following proportion: two large spoons on the decider container. Feeding consumption is 4-5 liters of finished liquid per 1 m2.

What and how to get garlic?

Types of organic fertilizers

All plants spoke nicely on the organic, and spring (planted under winter) garlic – no exception. This is because the nutrients contained in the organic faster are released in the soil. To enrich the soil, you can use the humate, and you can consider other options.

What and how to get garlic?

The following products are usually used as organic fertilizers.

  • Manure. Quantity – 1-3 kg / 1 m2.
  • Chicken litter. It is best to bring it into a soil in a liquid (1 kg / 7-10 l of water) or in a dry form (no more than 1-2 kg / 1 m2).
  • Mullein. It is provided in a liquid appearance and spent in the amount of 1 kg / 7 liters. Plants watered with solution.
  • Compost. Represents rotten plants or food waste. Such a feeding is spread over a homogeneous layer surface (2-3 kg / 1 m2), it is not bad to enrich garlic in the open ground and is often used to increase garlic head.
  • Peat. It takes 1-3 kg per square meter.

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

Most often such fertilizers are used on low acidity soils (sandy, or soil). They improve the structure of the soil and enrich it with important nutrients. It is worth saying that the organizing order is not bad adjusts the pH of the soil, and this is important if you want to get a big harvest of garlic.

For growing winter garlic, it is also desirable to apply nitrogen fertilizers, but in small quantities, otherwise you can get a rich greens and a small fruit. Useful and spraying by manganese. This remedy helps well from phytoophulas. To better start garlic head, the use of humate is allowed or you can dilute urea.

What and how to get garlic?

In the fresh form, manure works well, if you use it as a root feeding, but you should not use this tool in the fall: the heads will be loose, and such a garlic is most often infected with fungal pathogens. Manure is the best way to fertilize soil in spring.

What and how to get garlic?

Be sure to dilute it with water, the proportion used – 1: 6. Repeat such a procedure 2-3 times throughout the growing season.

It has long established itself as feeding and ash. It is introduced together with the compost, then the future beds under the garlic must be drunk. You can add ash immediately in the wells in the plant. It is allowed to even produce soil with a solution of ash after landing garlic, but it is worth it only in a few weeks.

To create a fund, you will need only 1 large spoon of ash and liter of water. Consumption – 2-3 liters per square meter landing. This feeding is a multicomponent fertilizer, which contains many trace elements, so its use contributes to the growth of garlic.

What and how to get garlic?

If garlic is poorly growing, other folk remedies are often used.

  • Nanish nettle. For its preparation, a capacity of 10 liters is taken, which must be filled with a third of freshly chopped herbs and pour water. The mixture should be sinking from 2 to 5 days, after which it can be watered garlic. Before use, concentrate must be dissolved with water.

What and how to get garlic?

  • Ground woody ash. Based on it is prepared with water with water (200 g / 10 l), which are well wetted roots, and also watering in the intervals between the rows. The ashes not only plays the role of fertilizer, but also helps protect the described vegetable from all types of pests, including worm.

What and how to get garlic?

  • Ammonia. A weak solution is prepared (25 ml / 10 l of water), then they are well moistened to the soil.

What and how to get garlic?

  • Sawdust. Waste wood generously scatter on landing area (1-2 kg / 1 m2), after which the soil is carefully loosen. This fertilizer is an ideal solution for heavy soils, as it makes a substrate easier.

What and how to get garlic?

  • Dietary yeast. About 50 g are stirred in 1 liter of warm water and leave it for 2-3 hours. The solution is then needed to dilute with water in the 1: 5 ratio and use for watering. The use of such feeding is especially useful, because it contributes to the fact that plants are quickly rooted and saturated with vitamins.

What and how to get garlic?

  • Hydrogen peroxide. Its main purpose is to remove pathogenic microorganisms, but gardeners have long understood that this tool can feed vegetables and stimulate their development at the stage of active growth. The drug is used to saturate the soil with oxygen, which favorably affects the growth of vegetable. For irrigation, taking two tablespoons of 3% of the means and dissolve in a liter of water. Plants moisturize this fluid immediately after the appearance of the first seedlings, at the very beginning of the spring season.

What and how to get garlic?

This agent is also used to process already mature plants. It provides them with the necessary meals in the period when active growth is observed.

  • Iodine. Undercotting with iodine makes the soil more fertile and pushes garlic to increasing the head and greenery. This is especially important if the landing is produced in peat ground. To prepare the solution, it is necessary to take 40 drops of iodine with a concentration of 5% per ten-tier container. Most often, iodized liquid is used as an extra-root feeder at the stage when the fetus is being forming. It is allowed to produce irrigated iodine, mixed with hydrogen peroxide.

What and how to get garlic?

  • Salt. Salt solution that is widely used to treat onion and garlic, gardeners with extensive experience use in spring when the length of the feathers reaches about 100 mm. Such watering is carried out twice, with an interval per week. You need to take 3 big spoons and breed them in a bucket of water. Such a solution negatively affects pests and at the same time activates plants.

What and how to get garlic?

There are other folk remedies used as an inexpensive way to feed garlic. Some rabbies even water the culture with a solution of kefira or serum.

Mineral fertilizers

Together with the Organic, Mineral Complexes will need to be added to the ground under garlic. Fortunately, the deficit of individual elements in garlic has symptoms. Unreasonable increase in growth and appearance of stains indicate the lack of phosphorus. Potassium deficiency is manifested in the form of thin stems.

Recommended doses of mineral fertilizers:

  • nitrogen – 90 kg / ha;
  • phosphorus – 80 kg / ha;
  • Potassium – 150 kg per hectare.

In the case of growing autumn garlic, feeding phosphorus and potassium applied during plowing of soil a month before landing, but nitrogen feeding is carried out only in spring, after the appearance of germs. In addition, the dose of nitrogen can be divided by two times. The first procedure should be scheduled for early spring, and the second – after 4 weeks.

What and how to get garlic?

The modern market is overflowing with special fertilizers, among which are:

  • Phosphorian-potash feeding;
  • monocal phosphate;
  • Potassium sulfate;
  • ammonia;
  • sulfate potassium;
  • Mixtures with gray in the composition;
  • boric acid.

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

Use such feeders is necessary strictly according to the instructions, and otherwise you can only harm plants. It is also worth saying that the best mineral fertilizers show themselves in the ground where there are a lot of humus.

They allow you to quickly eliminate the lack of basic elements that are required by the plant for normal development of garlic head, and also give the soil the necessary micro- and macroelements.

Before you buy a certain complex of minerals, it is important to evaluate the general state of the soil. To do this, it will be necessary to make an analysis of the situation based on the following factors that influence the number of useful substances in the soil and the level of leaching them from it:

  • total soil fertility;
  • acidity;
  • lighting level;
  • Prior culture.

What and how to get garlic?

Based on the information received, garlic feed the following means.

  • Carbamide Take 50 g for ten-tier capacity. The tool is suitable for soils in which little nitrogen.
  • Nitroposki 100 g per 10-12 l liquid. This is a versatile remedy with a large content of nitrogen, and with it potassium and phosphorus. Used on earth where their deficiency is revealed.
  • Nitroammofoska (60 g / 10 liters of water) gives soil the necessary connections.
  • Superphosphate (60 g / 10-12 liters of water) – the perfect solution for soil with a large disadvantage of phosphorus and with neutral pH.

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

What and how to get garlic?

Important: The use of mineral complexes is the most effective. It is better to use several species, making a break between subcording in a few days.

Making schemes

You can give the necessary microelements to garlic with two methods: Root and extractal. Everyone should tell separately.

What and how to get garlic?

Root

During the entire period of vegetation, garlic feed the root three times. Starting after the appearance of 3-4 feathers on the plant. Main goal – grow greens. One of the best options – urea. 1 l liquid requires 15 grams. At least 2.5-3 liters will be needed on the square of the landing.

The second time garlic feeds at the end of May, but after the first fertilizer it is already 2.5 weeks. Experienced gardeners are used nitroammophos and nitroposk. At this time, garlic requires nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. In the required quantity they are in these fertilizers. On decider capacity, 2 tablespoons of substances will need 2 tablespoons. 4 liters of fertilizer poured on one square.

The third time fertilize the root during the pouring period. The best fertilizer so that garlic is large, is superphosphate. To prepare a liquid solution, you need to add 2 large spoons of fertilizer in a declined water container. Next you need to pour under the root of the plant.

Upper feeding of garlic ammonium nitrate does not apply with increased soil acidity, as it is sour fertilizer. If the soil shows a neutral pH, then you can make a working solution, for this you need to take two large spoons of the substance and dissolve them in ten liters of liquid.

Ammonium sulfate can be used: 3 tablespoons dissolve in 10 liters of water. The solution is injected under the root of the plant. Fertilizer is usually used to acidify the soil and is used very carefully in places with sour soil.

What and how to get garlic?

Extrannevy

Plants are able to receive nutrients not only through the root system, but also through the leaves. Garlic is no exception. The root method of macephatent is not always enough to obtain a good crop. Garlic also requires extractive feeding. To do this, it will be necessary to spray plants.

Garlic is sensitive to a shortage of such components like magnesium, calcium, boron. It reacts positively to the introduction of these trace elements by spraying. For large garlic, urea and boric acid will be required, which are well suited for spraying.

Do not neglect these feeding, as they give impetus to the development of culture.

It is worth remembering that The level of nutrient content in the compositions for the extra-green spraying is always lower than in the root fertilizer solutions. Produce plant processing is needed after sunset and when there is no rain. If it rained after the procedure, it should be repeated in a few days.

What and how to get garlic?

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