- Authors: Shefatov B. BUT., GNU Volgograd Experimental Station VNIIRs. N. AND. Vavilova Raskn, FGBOU VOLGOGRADSKY STATE AGRAPHED UNIVERSITY
- Year of assumptions: 1953
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: LateVire
- Timing of ripening, days: 116-130
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Transportability: High
- Bush size: middle-resistant
See all the characteristics
One of the proven tomatoes, cute heart of the conservative category of gardeners – Intenerminant variety Volgogradsky 5/95. Universal Tomatoes are used in fresh form and in all kinds of heat treatment – juices, sauces, tomato paste, winter salads. Culture is grown in film, polycarbonate greenhouses, and in the open soil, where it shows the same shiny results.
History of removal
The origin of the variety is the breeder in. BUT. Shefatov, GNU Volgograd Experimental Station VNIIRs. N. AND. Vavilova Raskun and FGBOU to Volgograd State Agrarian University. The variety is registered in the state market of selection achievements in 1953.
Description of varieties
Tomato Volgogradsky – this is the average (70-100 cm) Stambal compact bushes of medium desirable. The shoots are covered with dark green leaves of medium sized with slightly carved edges and small. Light yellow flowers are collected in simple inflorescences. The first are laid over 6-8 sheet, all subsequent follows every 2-3 sheet. Fruits carry long-term transportation and persist well.
The main qualities of fruits
Mid-medium and large flat-packed weaklobrary fruits painted in light green color with a dark spot in the fruction, become bright red in the stage of technical and physiological maturity. Tomato mass varies from 90 grams to 150.
Juicy fleshy pulp has sufficient sweetness to become one of the tomatoes-pets on the table, and acidity to give a unique notch sauces and juices. The fruit covered with a smooth dense skin contains from 5 to 6.6% dry matter.
Ripening and fruiting
The variety belongs to the late – Ripening time 116-130 days. Tomato has a long fruit, so the harvest is collected in July-August.
Volgograd 5/95 is considered to be a high-yielding grade: from one square meter removed from 3.7 to 8 kg, with hectares 374-1035 centners, which makes it in demand among farmers.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
To obtain a good harvest, seeds are carried out at the end of March – early April, the same grained plants are planted at a permanent place two months later. If the plants are planted into the open ground, then it is important to wait until the threat of return freezers will.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
When disembarking seedlings, the distance of 40×60 centimeters between plants is observed – no more than two roots per square meter.
Growing and care
Grow tomato Volgograd 5/95 ever. By the time of the transference to a permanent place, there are events of the seedlings. Approximately two weeks before disembodied capacity with seedlings, they begin to endure on the street, on balconies and loggias, passing them to street temperatures and sunlight. Do it should be careful not to burn gentle greens, because the spring rays are especially aggressive. By the end of hardening, the seedlings are already left on the street around the clock.
For landing, places with permanent lighting are selected, since the tomato is a plant heat-, light-chapter. Soil for growing tomatoes should be fertile, breathable and loose. No less important requirement is the level of acidity – pH in the range of 5.5-6.5, but not more than 7. Sour soils can be given in a normal state even in the spring season. Enough to make the required amount of dolomite or bone flour, chalk or plaster, limestone. All these substances greatly reduce the level of acidity.
Heavy thin soils tear through the buckwheat or rice husk. Moreover, the cereal husks, in addition to the ability to aerate the soil, saturates its minerals: copper, zinc, iron, phosphorus, magnesium and others. Husk use both mulch, fertilizer, compost. In the fall in the zone of future landings under the people into the ground, the organic, spring superphosphate, urea or complex mineral fertilizers contribute to the ground. In advance, stakes are installed in advance as supports for bushes. Young plants neatly planted on the proposed scheme, fall asleep the earth, which is compacted and well spilled in the indulged water temperature. Bushes have to form, not allowing them to grow and form a lot of uncens. Regular steaming will help avoid unnecessary shoots. At the same time, the lower leaves should be removed after formation. Such a reception provides ventilation, keeps the moisture from stagnation. Increased humidity, as it is known to provoke the appearance of phytoofluorosis.
All further care for tomato lies in timely irrigation, weeding, loosening or mulching. Feeding makes at least three times per season, but usually their number is more, if you consider not only the introduction of nitrogen and phosphoric-potash fertilizers, but also organic. Tomatoes are extremely responsive to watering with riot cowboat, nettle with the addition of bread residues – yeast actively help the development of plants. Watering is usually reduced during the pouring of fruits, then they stop them at all.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Tomato is quite resistant to diseases such as fusariosis, verticillosis, bacterial spot. However, other diseases remain, as well as pests, so do not forget about preventive measures to combat diseases and pests. For tomatoes are dangerous TRIPS, TLL, Medveda, Colorado Corporation, Cobbled Tick and White. Those of gardeners who do not recognize chemistry in their own sections, use folk remedies, the rest are successfully used by Phytosporin M, borodic mixture, “Fundazol” and others. As a struggle with pests insecting insecticides “Aktellik”, “Phytoverm”, “Fufanon Nova”.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Volgogradsky 5/95 good tolerates temperature differences from heat to cooling.
Tomato adapted for Central Committee, North Caucasian, Nizhnevolzh Regions.