- Purpose: Universal
- Berry color: Smoke-pink
- Taste: Muscata, with Kiwi’s aroma
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 115
- Frost resistance, ° C: -23
- Weight bunchy, g: 150-200
- Luna density: Dense
- Planting scheme: 2-3 m between bushes
See all the characteristics
Samokhvalovich variety is very widespread among gardeners. It is rather unpretentious in leaving and has a high yield.
History of removal
Samokhvalovich grade is derived by the Chelyabinsk breeders of the Research Institute.
Grapes of this variety – very thermal-loving culture. Grow it in the southern regions. But despite the love of warmth, the plant is well adapted for growing in the Urals and in Siberia, as well as in the northern regions.
Grapes grapes strong-resistant, with a very good development of shoots. 2-3 tricks are formed on each shoot.
Samokhvalovich refers to early maturation varieties. The growing season since the dissolution of the kidneys and to full ripening of fruits – 115 days.
The bunch has a cylindroconic shape or cone-shaped, the weight of one ground is 150-200 g. The bunch is very dense.
Smoky-pink berries, medium sized, with bone, most often 1 in berry. Meakty consistency is very gentle, crispy, greenish pink shade. Fruits have a universal purpose. Used for the manufacture of juices and home wines.
The taste is pleasant, nutmeg, with a pronounced aroma Kiwi. Middle Weight of Berries – 4 g. Sugar content – 180 g / dm 3, acidity – 4-5 g / dm 3.
Sort high degree of yield. Fruits ripen in late August.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Grape seedlings recommend landing along walls or fences, with southern or southeast side. A landing place should be well lit by sunlight and protected from wind and draft. Best for the plant is a light nutritional black soil or loam. Planting seedlings better exercise in May or in early June.
Before boarding, seedlings are treated, trimming the lower roots. Look for landing should be from 80 to 100 cm deep. Before placing a seedling in the hole, sand and drainage in the form of sawdust or rubble. Organic feeders and fertilizers based on superphosphate.
The distance between the seedlings should be at least 2-3 m. In order for the grapes to begin, between the bushes are riding pegs and stretch the wire. On the arcs from the wire stretch the film, thereby shelting seedlings. After planting a seedlings carry out abundant watering of the root system.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
This variety is pollinated by the wind, as plant flowers are scarets.
To avoid shading and coating of berries, carry out a mandatory normalization of the bush. Grapes in it does not need the first 2 years of growth. Pruning must be started in the autumn period, after the departure of foliage. In the spring period cut off the extinct and died after wintering shoots.
Regular watering of grapes is an integral requirement for good development of bushes. Vineyard watered at least 2-3 times a week. In more dry weather, watering increases and take 1 time per day. The intensity of watering decreases with the growth of the bush, since excessive moisture can lead to the risk of freezing the bush, as well as to reduce the quality of fruits. A week before the start of bloom, watering must be stopped, since the excess moisture can lead to the sanding of flowers.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Fertility bushes of grapes in spring and autumn. Adult plants during flowering period need to spray from insects. Better to do it in rainy and cloudy weather in the evening. Grapes loves organic and mineral fertilizers: potassium, superphosphate, manure, compost, bird litter.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Vinogradov Samokhvalovich Winter at temperature -23 ° C. Before stroke the vine for the winter, it is necessary to remove it from the supports. Then it is covered with straw or hay and shelted with breathable material. For grapes, it is important that under the shelter was oxygen, and moisture was not formed, which can lead to a planment of the plant.
Diseases and pests
Grapes are quite resistant to diseases and pests. But sometimes the plant is still subjected to pests: phylloxer, cloud leaflet and grape itch. For the prevention of pests, it is necessary to spray the plant with special solutions. Dangerous diseases that can damage grapes – Mildew and Oidium. It is necessary to fight with them by spraying with a burgundy liquid diluted with gray.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Grapes are recommended to be stored in well-ventilated places at a temperature of not more than 10 ° C. Optimal air humidity should be 95%. Breaks can be stored in boxes, putting them not very tight and having pulled each layer of film.
Grapes of this variety has a lot of positive ratings. According to the reviews of experienced gardeners, subject to the standard rules for the care of grapes, the plant will definitely thank the generous harvest and excellent flavored berries.