Vinograd Vesus

  • Authors: United States, Arkansas
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Berry color: blue
  • Taste: harmonious
  • With bones: No
  • Ripening time (filter): Early
  • Ripening time, days: 120
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -26
  • Weight bunchy, g: 300-400
  • Yield: 200-250 c / ha

See all the characteristics

Kishmish grapes usually enjoys great popularity among gardeners and breeders. And all because this type of grapes do not have bones or seeds. One of the representatives of this class is Vinograd Venus. In this article, consider the features of the species, the amount of crop, as well as the peculiarities of growing and storage time.

History of removal

Grapes were led in the 70s of the last century at the American University of Arkansas. The title received in honor of the goddess Venus, which promises love and great fertility. Alden and NY 46000 varieties were chosen for the parental pair of hybrid.

Description

Bushes of this species are characterized by severe. Vine spokes up well to 2 meters. Green leaf leaves, midjectives with 3 blades, in the middle sheet there is a cross section. Below there is a small durability.

Ripening time

Vintage Venus belongs to early varieties. The vegetative period is 120 days. Harvesting falls at the end of August in the southern regions, in the central part – on the first decade of September.

If the vines are overloaded with clusters, the ripening period may increase by 10-20 days.

Brozdi

Breakdi at the grapes of medium density, places can have looseness. Weight of one brush – 300-400 g. In the form of a bunch of cylindro conical.

Berries

Berries are small, on average 2-3 g, form round. Shade dark blue. Skin thin, easy crack. On the berry there is wax peel and shine. Flesh juicy and fleshy.

Venus refers to 1 category of seedless varieties, so in the fruits there are no bones

Taste

The taste of this variety will highlight: someone from the gardeners says that the berry is sweet, with a taste of strawberries and muscat. Others argue that the berry is oxygen and has a flavor of currants. Sugarity of culture – 180-200 g / dm3, acidity – 7%.

Yield

The hybrid is distinguished by an excellent yield, 1 ha falls up to 250 c.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

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Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

To collect a large amount of harvest, it is necessary to comply with all the rules and peculiarities of growing.

Vintage Venus does not like too watery or swampy soil. Also no need to plant bushes near reservoirs. Earth must loose, sandy; If there is clay on the selected area, then it is possible to remove it.

It is not worth landing near the fence, as the shadow will fall on the bushes, which will lead to a decrease in yield.

For support, you can choose a place next to the arches or arbors, but it is recommended only to plant from the south side.

Landing

Close saplings can be like in the fall and in the spring. In the first case, there will be no need to store a seedling all winter, and in the second – the seedlock will take it better in warm time and easier will take the winter period.

Favorable deadlines for disembarking in the spring – from the second half of April to mid-May. For autumn – this is October to strong frosts.

Before disembarking, it is necessary to prepare the soil. The selected area is drunk and facing. Then pumps with a depth of 0.5 m, with a diameter of 0.8 m. If, when pumping the site, the land was not fertilized, then the hole is imposed by humus, fall asleep with a small amount of land with a slide. The seedling before landing is treated, cut the roots by 10-15 cm, if they are too long. The branch is lowered into the hole and neatly fall asleep the earth, the rambling. Spill water bucket. Optionally, you can climb.

The landing scheme should be like this: the distance between the bushes is 2-2.5 m, between the rows – 3 m. If possible, it is necessary to immediately build a tag.

Landing

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In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

Flowers of this hybrid are cut, therefore, in additional pollination do not need.

Trimming

The grade is famous for the fact that bushes can be overwhelmed with fruits, so it is necessary to trim the eyes correctly.

In the spring, as soon as all the snow goes, dry and not survived the winter branches. Then, as soon as the bushes begin to dial the kidneys, 2-3 peels leave (depending on how strong the escape).

Shoots that did not bloom are either completely removed, or is cut off by half and scrape the garden water.

On average, 6-8 eyes are left on the bush, on a small – 3-4.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Frost resistance and need for shelter

Bushes can withstand temperatures below -26 degrees Celsius. Practiced wintering without shelter. But with repeated temperature drops, the vine is possible. To avoid this, the bushes should be stolen. Roots should also be insulated with facothy or needles mulch. Sawdust fall asleep, as they absorb moisture too much.

Diseases and pests

Hybrid has high resistance to a row of disease: Mildew, gray rot, mildew. But at the same time it is necessary to spray the bushes with fungicidal preparations for prevention.

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

Vintage Venus Early, and all such varieties are stored for about a month. Keep fruit in the basement or in a cool room with a temperature from + 2 ° to + 5 ° C. Wood boxes, in them first poured sawdust, then the brushes are laid out. As the skin of the berry is thin, then lay out in one row.

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