- Authors: Zagorulko Vitaly Vladimirovich
- Berry color: Bright pink
- Taste: Muscata
- With bones: No
- Ripening time (filter): Very early
- Ripening time, days: 95-100
- Frost resistance, ° C: -21
- Weight bunchy, g: up to 3000 or more
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Luna density: Middle
See all the characteristics
Veles variety refers to the hybrids of Ukrainian selection, highly valued for yield, exquisite flavors of berries. Among other types of grapes, Kisham is distinguished by the gentle-pink color and the impressive size of the covers. The variety was repeatedly becoming a prize-winner in prestigious competitions.
History of removal
Veléz variety was obtained by the breeder of Zagorulko Vitaly Vladimirovich when crossing grapes Sofia and Rusball. The creation of a new hybrid was announced in 2009. The young grade was called in honor of one of the representatives of the Slavic Pantheon of the Gods – Veles, who considered the patron saint of fertility. Ukrainian breeder from Zaporozhye put a goal of getting a new kisham with the necessary metering, commodity and taste properties. It was quite possible to him – a new hybrid gained popularity far beyond his homeland.
The variety refers to very early. Ripening of berries occurs at 95-100 day. Usually harvesting is beginning in mid-July, in the regions with a cold climate – no later than the first decade of August. In the south of Russia, this period is reduced by 2-3 weeks depending on weather conditions. In terms of ripening, Veles differs from parental varieties, which this figure is about 125 days.
Vinet grapes forms branches, medaneous, large clusters weighing up to 3000 g and more. They may have a clearly pronounced conical outline or remain formless. The middle threshing length – 18-35 cm.
Vinograda Veles bright pink berries, egg-shaped, without seeds, belong to the 3rd grassism. They have a thin durable skin, under which a dense pulp is hidden. The mass of berries reaches 4.5-5 g, sometimes up to 10 g. In the sun, they clearly acquire amber tint on the lumen.
Saccharity of berries depends on the conditions of cultivation, is in the range of 18-20%. Low acidity, up to 9 g / l.
In their taste quality grapes Velhes varieties belongs to dessert. It is characterized by a pronounced nutmetic aroma. In taste also dominate his notes. Sorts sweet, with a slightly crispy, dense pulp, reminiscent of the consistency of marmalade.
For an overrabar grape variety Veles is characterized by high yield. The first clusters begin to collect already in July-August. The second wave of the crop is going in October. With 1 vines receive 3-4 clusters. During the season with a bush, you can collect up to 50 kg of berries.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Kishmish Velée variety easily adapts to the conditions of cultivation in a new place, but requires attention at the stage of soil preparation. It is important to provide him with the right departure, timely pruning.
For Veles landing, almost any soil substrate is suitable, providing sufficient air intake to the roots of the plant. It is impossible to place its shoots only in wetlands, as well as in the field of close grounding of groundwater. Choosing a landing site, it is worth a preference to well-lit, solar areas, away from buildings, structures, fences capable of preventing free air movement.
Landing Vintage is held early in spring or late in the fall, out of a period of sludge. Plants are placed by rows, at a distance of at least 1.5 meters from each other. The pit is discharged with a size of 0.8 × 0.8 × 0.8 m, with a layer of drainage at the bottom, organic fertilizers. Failure to the soil is carried out below the main layer of soil by 30-40 cm. The root area of seedlings cover mulch.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
Hybrid Veles refers to self-polished species. Flowers of both sexes are formed on shoots – women’s and men’s. To increase yields, you can resort to additional artificial pollination.
For variety Veles this stage of care is required. Spring trimming is carried out before the start of the movement of juices, removing all dried or damaged shoots, vines with signs of illness. Healthy parts of the plant are shortened by 6-8 eyes. Periodically, long trimming is performed, while maintaining 30-40 kidneys for the entire bush. Yield from this will not decrease.
It is also necessary to perform the rationing of inflorescences. To avoid thickening in the formation of the covers, it is recommended to remove 1/3 part of their total. Steying after the first wave of harvest is pinching or removed completely. When preparing for winter, the bush is cut off, leaving 3 fruitful vines on each side.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Vintage Veles withstands the decrease in atmospheric temperatures to -21 degrees Celsius, needs shelter. The variety is able to transfer short-term freezers, but during long-term contact with cold may die. In the middle lane, it is necessarily covered, in the south of the vine can winter without adopting additional protection measures.
Diseases and pests
The variety is weakly resistant to diseases, prone to the development of gray rot, anthrax, other typical grape problems. Mildew Resistance and Oidium – 3.5 points. To combat already emerged signs of lesions, the vines spray with fungicidal solutions, colloidal gray. They are used in preventive processing. The removal of damaged berries, treatment with 7% soda solution helps against sulfur.
On Vinograda Veles can parasitize philloxers, spider mites, leaflers. As a measure of prevention from their appearance, spring spraying of shoots using the drug “Dock”. With the defeat of the phylloxer, the bushes will have to burn.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
Breaks on the vines can be stored in dry weather for 1-1.5 months. This will increase the taste and aromatic characteristics of berries. When harvesting, it is very important to maintain a fruit of about 10 cm long. Storage After cutting is carried out only in a suspended state or with laying in 1 layer in ventilated boxes, at a temperature not higher than +5 degrees and humidity from 85%. In compliance with all conditions, berries will retain the form, elasticity and taste, even after 6 months.
Vinet grape variety gets numerous positive feedback. It is highly appreciated for refined taste and bright flavor, no bones. It is noted that the thin skin does not cause inconvenience when chewing berries. As well as the owners note the uneven aging – the lower bunches reach the top, they have to leave on the bush for a long time. The disadvantages also include plant exposure to disease – to neglect the preventive spraying of amateur grapes do not recommend.