- Authors: Zagorulko Vitaly Vladimirovich, g. Zaporizhia, Ukraine
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: blue
- Taste: harmonious with fruit tones
- With bones: Yes
- Ripening time (filter): Early
- Ripening time, days: 105-110
- Frost resistance, ° C: -25
- Weight bunchy, g: 693
- Type of flower: Oboy
See all the characteristics
Ruslan grapes – one of worthy representatives of hybrid dining rooms. The grade is characterized by stable fruiting, high organoleptic qualities, disease resistance, excellent transportability, ability to durable storage, high decorativeness.
History of removal
Ruslan appeared in Ukraine in Zaporizhia due to the enthusiasm of the talented selection officer Vitaly Vladimirovich Zagorulko. For crossing, they were chosen to Kuban varieties and a gift from Zaporizhia. As a result, a new hybrid appeared on the light, who earned prizes on numerous exhibitions of near and far abroad. Oddly enough, but the descendant of Yuzhan received an extraordinary frost resistance – up to -25º.
Variety is zoned for southern regions and chernozem of the Russian Federation. Ruslan is a favorite of gardeners of Kazakhstan and Moldova. He performed perfectly in the regions with a moderate climate of the middle strip, in the Urals and in Siberia.
Powerful bushes with well anticipant (up to 72, 6%) The vine of a chocolate shade is covered with large rounded bright leaves of bright green. Fruit coefficient – 1.2-1,4. For long-resistant shoots need support. The variety successfully resists in pests, unpretentious in leaving. Designed for fresh consumption and conservation: juices, jams, jams, jelly, marmalade, raisins. Use hybrid in the preparation of red wine and emphasis. Fluids have a large number of vitamins and minerals, which allows them to be used in medicine.
Ruslan refers to early hybrids. Approximate term of achieving technical ripeness – 105-110 days. Ripening falls at the beginning of August, and with more negative conditions – on his third decade.
Large conical medium brushes on average weigh 693 grams, but at perfect agricultural engineering and favorable conditions reach 1.5 kg. Fruits are not inclined to sprinkling and calmly carry the delay in harvesting.
Large (from 14 to 16 grams) Oval saturated blue berries with bones covered with Pruin raid. Sugarity – 174 g / dm³, acidity – 6.5 g / dm³. Dense juicy flesh is covered with thin skin, not felt when eating.
Balanced harmonious taste is characterized by sweetness, light sourness and noticeable fruit-plum aftertaste.
For Ruslana is characterized by high yield. The grade is inclined to form two brushes on each shoot, while the maturity is 75%.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
The unpretentiousness of Ruslan allows you to land it on any soils, the main thing is that the site is solar and well-protected from drafts.
For planting seedlings, standard pits of 80x80x80 cm are prepared, drainage is arranged, you set the peg for the support in advance. The distance between the holes is 1.5 meters, between the rows – 3 m. This way of planting contributes to the ventilation of the rod, speeds up the evaporation of moisture, initiates faster crop maturation. Ruslan negatively reacts to the overjoyment that threatens the berry cracking.
Pit prepared two weeks before landing – this time is needed for ground precipitation. The seedling should have strong roots and at least 2 eyes. A soil enriched with mineral and organic fertilizers is poured before landing in the pit. The seedling is lowered in the hole, grow roots and fall asleep, leaving a free root neck.
After landing, the well spill well, after a few days the ground is loose and mulched with sawdust or peat. The vine can be multiplied by the tanks if the Kush Ruslan is already on the site. To do this, it is enough to press a long escape to the ground and sprinkle its soil. By autumn it is rooted, and the next year it can be separated as a full-fledged kice.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
The plant blooms with rim flowers and does not need additional pollination.
Powerful bushes require regular short trimming with preservation of 3 inflorescences and no more than 2 brushes on escape. The maximum number of shoots – up to 35 on the bush, they leave 6 eyes on each, cutting off to 10 kidneys from each escape. Before manipulation, you need to remove dried berries, branches, leaves.
In frequent irrigation, Ruslan does not need. Exception can only dry summer. Mandatory watering of grapes are carried out before flowering and during the ripening of the covers. After soil absorbing water, the ground around the trunk is loose, sprinkled with mulch top.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Ruslan’s grapes have high-spirited bushes with powerful roots, actively absorbing nutrients and quickly impoverished soil. For feeding use organic and mineral complex fertilizers. For root feeding, rolling circles are drunk from one and a half vendsa humidage on an adult bush. Extra-corner feeders in the form of sprayers are carried out into the windless cloudy weather, which has been removing the foliage of sunburn.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Despite resistance to negative temperatures, the autumn period is the time to protect the thermo-loving plant from ferocious (for it) frosts in cold areas with real winter. The shoots of grapes are removed from the support and flex to the ground. Top covered with snapshot, reed, film or agricultural, as well as a 10-centimeter layer of land. After snowfalls are covered with a vine with an extra layer of snow.
Diseases and pests
Ruslan is well known for the Fortress of Health, it is well opposed to fungal diseases and toranged to Mildew and Oidium. However, the prevention measures for it are also mandatory as for other varieties. It is better to be restrained than then carry out exhausting measures to combat the “infection”. As preventive measures use fungicides or copper. Insecticides will help in the struggle against pests. In addition to small and harmful insects, Ruslan attracts birds, in this case, the most reasonable to use a special grid.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The hybrid not only has good marketability, it has almost phenomenal efforts. In special refrigeration chambers with a mounted temperature and humidity of the berry remains in the preservation of up to 130 days. At the same time, it does not lose organoleptic and decorative properties.