- Authors: Burdak Alexander Vasilyevich
- Purpose: Table
- Berry color: White pink
- Taste: harmonious
- Ripening time (filter): average
- Ripening time, days: 125-135
- Frost resistance, ° C: -22
- Weight bunchy, g: 600-1000
- Type of flower: Oboy
- Sorrow: insignificant
See all the characteristics
Beautiful large and crispy ripe fruits of a gentle amber or pinkish shade hanging on huge clusters, belong to the delicious and juicy grapes of Dixon.
History of removal
This variety, like most modern, is a hybrid. Grapes brought the breeder Burdak Alexander Vasilyevich during the crossing of two interspecific varieties Atlant Zaporizhia and Angelica. Dickson belongs to a group of dining or dessert varieties, this means that the fruits of the plant can be eaten. The fruits of grapes can also be allowed to create compotes, jam, marinades.
The hybrid origin of the plant is also allowed to be transportable, it is withstanding the carriage, keeping its taste.
Dixon grade is a high-resistant high strong bush with rolled flowers requiring cross-pollination. The plant is perfectly suitable for creating country gazebo or alive hedges and for the formation of mini-plantation. Easily rooted and multiplies through the shilling.
Dickson refers to early medium or secondary varieties. Saturated amber-colored fruits ripen by the end of summer, the beginning of autumn (August-September).
Breakdi branches, collected in loose bundles of cylindroconic, elongated shape. On average, the weight of each cluster fluctuates around 600-1000 grams. With a well-formed bush, Brozdi Dixon are increasing in size and weight. Maltitude in fruit minor.
The berry is a large, two-color, gradient (most often color from red, red-orange to a green-yellow shade, and pinkish-white color is allowed), solid.
Extension-oval or elongated-cylindrical form, in the middle the fruit has a small thickening. Sometimes berries acquire a belief shape with a pointed end. Mass of one fetus is 14-18 grams, in large copies can reach up to 20 g, along the length of the grape on average about 6 cm.
The berries of the berry is average in thickness, a crunch is observed during the eating, due to the increased jucision and sugar vehicles of the fetus (220-230 g / dm3). Taste grapes tart, sweet, pretty harmonious.
Dickson refers to a high-yielding variety. Fruit of plants high, vines of grapes ripen easily.
Selecting planting material
Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.
You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.
Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.
Features of cultivation
Since the bush is a stronger, it is necessary to monitor its formation, in time to trim, control the nutrition of the soil and monitor it with irrigation, since with an excess of moisture, the ripening fruits are cracking, and the possibility of a gray rot.
The planting of grapes spend on well-lit plots. Dixon variety is easily grown in the southern regions and north, the main condition so that in the spring-summer period the amount of active temperatures was not below 2500 ° C. The distance between the bushes is worth keeping within at least 1.5 meters. Landing Pits necessarily resist the drainage material. The bushes are sprinkled with a nourishing loose substrate. The loosening of the upper layer of the soil – a prerequisite in the first years of the life of the plant.
In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.
Type of soil
Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.
Planting vegetative saplings
The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.
Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.
The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.
The growing season at Dixon is average, equal to 125-135 days (from the dissolution of the flower kidney to the ripening of the fetus). Flowers are pollinated by various insects, most often bees. If the site has a problem with the tie of fruits, then you can independently with a soft brush to make pollination of buds.
Cutting ripened covers spend tentatively at the end of August. After harvesting, it is necessary to form a bush for wintering and further fruiting. The fruit branch is shortening on that length at which 7 or 8 eyes are preserved, in the period of growth (spring), the vines are cut by 35-45 peels. Such a trimming makes it not only better to ripen the loses, but also increases the subsequent fruction of the bush.
So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.
With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.
With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.
Frost resistance and need for shelter
Frost resistance of the plantation plant. Dixon is able to withstand freezing to -22 ° C, however, the bush is necessary for the winter to strengthen. Suitable as an ordinary mulch and wrapping into a film or other dense material.
Diseases and pests
With abundant watering and rainy weather bushes of grapes can be covered with gray rot. This is a fungal disease, causative agent – Botrytis Cinerea. This ailment is treated with soil watering with water with fungicidal agents dissolved in it and spraying bushes. All sick fruits and vines are removed and burned. In severe cases, the annual bark layer is removed.
Overview of all diseases and pests
If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.
The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.
Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.
Gray Gnil >>
The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.
On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.
The collected clusters are stored in a cold room in drawers, padded soft material or straw. Wax raid with berries do not wash off, this natural film is necessary for the preservation of fruit. From time to time, the bunches must be sought (by removing spoiled fruits) and rotate so that there is no partition.
Dixon variety unpretentious in caring, frost and resistant to most diseases, having excellent taste, coupled with high yield. In just a couple of years, all this allowed him to conquer recognition among farmers and amateurs gardeners.