- Signs of lack of micro and macroelements
- Types of subcortex
- Finished fertilizers
- Folk remedies
- Specialized means
- How to enter?
- The scheme for making fertilizers at different stages of the development of tomatoes
- After landing in the ground
- During the flowering and formation of uncess
- During fruiting
- Useful recommendations
Growing vegetables in the open ground, must be taken care of their feeding. First of all, it concerns Tomatoes, because this vegetable culture is considered the most popular in many gardeners. How manifests the lack of necessary substances in plants, about measures to combat diseases, as well as various ways of feeding will be discussed in the article.
Signs of lack of micro and macroelements
To obtain a good harvest, regular care for plants. With a lack of some substances, the plants are often starting to hurt, they can see signs of damage.
Often the lower sheets of tomatoes begin to change the color and become yellow, then they are twisted, become sluggish. This feature indicates a lack of nitrogen plants.
With a lack of phosphorus, the bushes cease to grow.
If young at all leaflets grow small and wrinkled, begin to spin down, it means that the bushes are not enough potassium.
On the lack of an important element of calcium can be judged by the growth of the plant. At the same time, the top of the bush is often dying, the roots may also.
The yellowing of the entire bush starting from the stem and ending the edge of the leaves speaks about the lack of iron. As well as a sign of a shortage of this element, a growing plant in growth can be.
The appearance on the leaves and stem of gray-brown spots indicates a lack of zinc.
Seeing the inconspicuous shade of leaves or other changes, should be filing the plants using drugs intended for these purposes.
Types of subcortex
There are different types of dressing for tomatoes. Some choose ready-made fertilizers, believing that they are the best, and others prefer to use folk remedies.
It is believed that tomatoams are particularly necessary 3 elements in the form of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK). You must be able to correctly determine the concentration of each of these elements, otherwise you can see the fallen leaves instead of the crop.
Choosing Mineral Fertilizers for Tomatoes, It is worth staying at the most successful options.
The most efficient and widespread fertilizer with a mass of useful elements in the form of nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium and sulfur is superphosphate.
Nitroammofoska. It has nitrogen and potassium, as well as phosphorus, ensuring the needs of the vegetable.
Ammonium nitrate is the most affordable fertilizer. It usually makes it together with other types of urea type.
Urea Perfectly absorbed by the plant, slowly derived from the soil, increases yield.
Selitra. More suitable for non-sin or acidic soils.
Make mineral fertilizers better comprehensively. More often use ready-made mixtures containing the necessary nutritional elements. When making 30-40 g of a mixture for 1 kV. m plot.
Many gardeners are trying to grow plants without the use of chemicals, so natural nitrogen fertilizers are often used as fertilizers.
Corovoik is one of the most popular fertilizers in many gardeners. It is recommended to make manure, only completing composting.
And popular is the use of avian litter. When choosing it, it should be remembered that this fertilizer is quite strong, and there is a chance to get a root burn. It is used only with peat or straw at the rate of 1 to 2. You can also apply in the form of a liquid feeding, taking by 8-10 liters of water about 10 grams of dry matter. Since fresh chicken litter is not recommended, it should be prepared as a compost fertilizer.
A good option for the cultivation of tomatoes gives the fertilizer of the busts of the ash rolling after burning branches, straw, firewood. Chimney ash is a very important and valuable fertilizer. As part of its many essential nutritional components. Askow to a depth of up to 10 cm. If you leave it on the surface, the crust may form on the soil. Ash is not recommended to mix with manure or litter, as well as with lime, since this reduces the effectiveness of the drug.
Another option for feeding is ammonia. Many specialists believe that the bushes perceive the ammonia feeder better than nitrogenous mineral fertilizers.
The introduction of ammonic alcohol has a beneficial effect on the growth and development of plants. This component instantly helps to saturate soil with nitrogen, disinfects it, struggles with fungus, pests. Overhead of tomatoes begins to accelerate growth. At the same time, the ammonia alcohol is absolutely harmless to the plants themselves.
At different stages of the development of tomatoes, they need various nutritional components.
Seedlings use fertilizers with high phosphorus. These may be “Stimulus”, “Folirus”, which contribute to the formation of powerful roots.
After disembarking, the plants will require feeding with calcium and nitrogen.
In the formation of fruits is required to introduce a “folirus” with a boron, ensuring the quality of the future harvest, its number.
How to enter?
There are root and extractive feeding. In the first embodiment, the application is carried out directly to the roots of the plant. This will allow you to deliver the necessary meals for the entire plant.
Root feeder is carried out on the moistage soil in order for the means when entering the root does not burn it. Conduct feeding only with full rooting of plants, that is, 2 or 3 weeks after disembarking.
Extra-corner feeding is carried out in the form of spraying bushes with special nutritional solutions. Spraying is recommended to be carried out either in the morning or in the evening to secure leaves from burns.
For watering of tomatoes use various drugs. One of them is the Energy Preparation, which is a stimulant for better growth of the plant. Using it will help increase the observerness of seedlings, stimulate its development.
You need to take:
5 ml of the means “energy”;
Water – 10 liters.
This solution is produced by watering 2.5 kV. meters.
Energy is used and when spraying. In this case, it is necessary to make a solution at the rate of 3 ml of the drug for 3 liters of water. Such a composition can be sprayed up to 100 square meters. meters.
The scheme for making fertilizers at different stages of the development of tomatoes
Nitrogen feeders for tomatoes can be used during the whole growing period. There is a certain order for their introduction, showing how to carry out work correctly. Making such feeds should be carried out with caution. Feed the tomatoes should be gradually.
The first feeding is carried out 1-2 weeks after planning. To do this, the soil introduces a comprehensive fertilizer with nitrogen in the dosage of 0.5 h. L. per liter of water.
After 8-10 days, the beds must be treated with a weak solution of manganese.
The second processing is carried out after 14 days. And also additionally, the land can be fertilized with a solution of chicken litter mixed with water at the rate of 1 to 15. To increase the resistance of bushes to fungal diseases near them, it is recommended to sprinkle wood ash.
10 days later, you can make an ammonium salter, making a solution of 20 g of nitrate and 10 liters of water.
During flowering, it is recommended to use ammophos.
Then you should hold feeders no more than 1 time in 2 weeks. Preference is better to give an organichea in the form of a solution.
After landing in the ground
After disembarking into an open ground, planted plants require feeding. Conduct it follows 7-10 days.
For this purpose, you can use a nutrient solution consisting of:
water – 10 liters;
500 ml of cowboat (liquid);
1 Art. Spoons of nitroammofoski.
On each bush you need to pour 0.5 liters of composition.
You can replace the organic with a liquid fertilizer “Ideal” (1 st. L.), mixing it with nitroposka (1 st. L.), and dilute in 10 liters of water. One plant will require 0.5 liters of fluid.
During the flowering and formation of uncess
To ensure rapid growth and the active appearance of zins in tomatoes, an extractive feeding of 0.5% solution of superphosphate is carried out.
For the preparation of the solution:
Take 50 grams of superphosphate;
poured hot water (10 liters);
Fluid filtered, then treated tomatoes at the rate of 0.5 liters per bush.
During fruiting when pouring tomatoes, they may experience a deficit in some components. In this case, it is advisable to use the following tool:
water – 10 liters;
Boric acid – 10 grams;
iodine – 10 ml;
Wood ash – 1.5 liters.
On a bush contribute over a liter of composition.
Following the recommendations of experienced gardens, you can increase the yield of vegetable crops:
Using mineral fertilizers, it is necessary to carefully study their features and dates for feeding;
Must be necessary to water the beds both before feeding and after it;
It is better to give preference to products in liquid forms – they will be faster and easier to be absorbed by the plant;
When making dry fertilizers, they are distributed on the surface so that they cannot come into contact with the root system.
For different types of soils require certain mineral fertilizers. On heavy clay soils, it is necessary to take funds in a greater dosage, as minerals at such sites are absorbed by a slower.
About feeding tomatoes in the open ground, see the video below.