- Synonyms names: Kievlyanka
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Growing conditions: for greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: 200
- Color of mature fruit: pink
- Form form: rounded barrel
See all the characteristics
Kiev (Synonym Kievlyanka) – one of the favorite and demanded varieties of tomatoes for quite a long time among domestic gardens and farmers. All of them attract the fruits of giant sizes and unpretentious culture.
Description of varieties
The plant is an increase in growth in growth, bushes reach 1.5 to 2 meters. The number of leaves is average. Each brush is formed from 4 to 6 future tomatoes. The fruits are well typped even with light shading, but it feels better culture on the site, filled with solar rays, with fertile soil.
The main qualities of fruits
Kiev fruits are large, the shape of the heart-shaped, some of it is characterized as a rounded-barrel, even cuboid, there are faces. And at different brushes, the form may differ. As for the color of ripe fruits, it is pink or pink-rasp. By weight, tomatoes can be very heavy, from 300 to 500 grams and more. Separate copies reach even a kilogram.
Kiev Tomatoes are very tasty, saturated fleshy flesh gentle, sahary. However, sometimes there are small voids. Well shown in summer salad and cutting. True, marinate, they will not get sore. But they are great for the preparation of dishes on the second (they are extinguished, baked), other processing – for juices, ketchups, pastes.
Ripening and fruiting
Cywranian average variety, which means that the ripening of fruits is expected after 115-130 days after the appearance of germs.
Indicators of yields of the tomatoes of the Kiev woman above average. From the bush, you can assemble every year to 5-6 kilograms of fruits. To enlarge these figures, the grade must be grown in greenhouse conditions.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds of Kiev seeds, specialists are recommended to exercise for 8 or 10 weeks until the gardener involves landing of grown plants in the ground.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Cywran’s grade loves to grow freely. Therefore, for a comfortable growing, when planted with a grained seedlings on one square meter of the area of the garden or greenhouse, no more than 4 plants should be placed.
Growing and care
In the normalization of Kywli bushes there is no need. The plant is grown both in one and 2 stems. There are other rules for culture care:
- feeding makes quite often – 5 times or 6 per season;
- watered only by necessity;
- After irrigating the land you need to jumble;
- weeding weeds – mandatory event;
- bushes are tied to supports.
One of the important factors for greenhouse growing will be regular ventilating.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Kiev woman suffers infrequently, nevertheless requires mandatory prevention. A complex of such events includes observance of crop rotation, humidity control, plant formation and other procedures that have already been said.
Due to the fact that the fruits are large and sweet, the sort of Kiev is sometimes amazed by pests. Prevention of attacks of white bumps will serve awesome sticky tapes. And with the appearance of TLI either the tick of the bushes is treated with soap solution. Serious invasions require the use of insecticides and acaricides.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Cywranian grade very badly tolerates sharp temperature differences. Specialists recommend not to grow culture on open spaces, as well as on the plot where there are strong winds and frequent rains.
Tomato Kiev woman is suitable for growing outdoor in such regions as Krasnodar Territory, Astrakhan, Volgograd region. In the suburbs and in the middle lane will be better to cultivate a plant in greenhouses. In the climatic zone number 3 (Orenburg, Kirov, Irkutsk region and so on), it is possible to cultivate only in heated premises.