- Category: Sort
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Ultrarandy
- Timing of ripening, days: 83-98
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: 25-35
- Branchism: Middle
- Color of mature fruit: Red
- Form form: rounded
See all the characteristics
Tomato Yamal – the culture with which to begin gloomy-novice. Buckets are not pulled out, do not hurt, despite the small size, bring the fruits of classical dimensions. Yamal loved the inhabitants of the northern latitudes for the high level of immunity against diseases, as well as for the properties of the fetus tying under reduced temperatures and the shortage of light.
History of removal
Yamal (or Yamal 200) – a veteran culture, obtained in the 90s, introduced into the State Register in 2007. Nowada, his wonderful qualities are somewhat flew against the background of many derived fellow. However, the advantages of this variety are undoubted, so it remains beloved by many experienced gardens, growing tomatoes and in open soils, and in greenhouses.
Description of varieties
Culture is an early, determinant, stumbling. The bushes are low, grow up to 25-30 cm. Stems thick, strong, leafy elastic, dark green shades, growing almost horizontally, medium branchism. The plant is quite sustainable, can do without garter. The degree of compactness of bush allows not to produce and the procedure of stepsing.
The gradability of the variety provides him with the safety of phytoophluorosis. He is resistant to the varieties of rot. The clear advantage of culture is its good shadowness, it does not throw out flowers with long cooling. Miniature bushes are quite suitable for growing and in flower pots, and in containers in balconies.
Of the advantages of culture, we note the following:
high degree of outerness;
lack of need for excess labor costs for garter, stepsing and forming;
Eating maturing fruits before the emergence and development of phytoophulas;
excellent flavor properties of fruits, which are also suitable for whole-fuel canning, and for salads;
high level of fruit tie even in the northwestern region of Russia;
The excellent resistance to the varieties of rot;
the possibility of decorative use;
versatility of ways to cultivate;
An excellent portability of daylight deficit.
The main qualities of fruits
These small bushes bring the fruits of medium-sized dimensions and mass – 65-105 (up to 180). They are rounded configuration, with low-rise ribbed, red shades, with thin skin. Number of tomatoes in brushes – up to 4-6 pcs. Inflorescences are simple.
Consistency of fruits of multi-chamber, fleshy, juicy, taste typical tomato. Tomatoes have good efforts.
Tasteful properties of tomatoes are traditionally sweet, with unobtrusive acid.
Ripening and fruiting
Culture Ultrawn, with the timing of aging 83-98 days.
High-yielding plant – up to 9-12 kg / m².
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Survey the culture for seedlings Recommended by the end of March, in southern latitudes are allowed to be immediately living in the soil for non-permanent shelter. In the greenhouse, landing is usually produced in the first days of May.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Standard landing circuit – 50 x 50 cm.
Growing and care
To obtain seedlings, seeds are traditionally sown about 60 days before transplanting to the soil. Pre-sowing treatment of landing material is required because the degree of culture yield will be largely dependent on the quality of it.
To this end, the seeds are placed in a capacitance with salted water (1 tablespoon of 200 g). Pop-up seeds eliminate, and the rest are subjected to drying.
Seeds, neatly laid out in Marla, are placed in 1% manganese composition for 15-20 minutes. It is possible in a 2% solution of hydrogen peroxide by 7-8 min. This procedure is necessary for the development of protective immunity from diseases and permit attacks.
Seeds are soaked in a special nutritional composition for 24 hours before the explosion. The specified composition is prepared on the basis of nitrogen and phosphorus. Sold in stores and finished specials – “Epin”, “Virgin-Micro” and others.
The substrate for seeding can also be bought in specialized stores or prepare independently, for this purpose, parts of the humor, peat and sand are mixed in the ratio of 4: 2: 2.
Seed Foundation Before disembarking, we recommend germinating, placing seeds in a damp cloth for a number of days, while it is important to control the degree of their humidity. Slow better in plastic (well washed and disinfected) Containers or peat pots.
Sewing are produced in well-heated and wet soil, with a depth of landing 1 cm. The pots are installed on pallets and covered with a film with the aim of forming a favorable microclimate for the successful development of plants. If the sprouts occur, the film is eliminated, and the containers with sprouted seeds are placed in a well-lit place. At the same time, a special temperature regime should be adhered to – 18-22ºС.
Culture bushes are not indifferent to the level of lighting. The smallest length of the bright part of the day should be about 12-16 hours. In rainy days to organize the backlight, phytolampa. Irrigation carry out without producing excessive soil moisturizing.
In early May, the grown bunches of seedlings are transferred to greenhouses, observing the settings of the landing circuit. Soil should be filtered by adding superphosphate and ash to her.
It is necessary to comply with the rules of crop rotation – productive precursors for culture are zucchini, cabbage, cucumbers, legumes and carrots. Do not land plants after potatoes or eggplant.
It is important to control the temperature parameters in the greenhouses. At night, it must be in the range of 16-18ºС, and during the daytime – 20-22ºС. Irrigation is not frequent, but abundant. Its frequency depends on the temperature of the temperature in the greenhouses and dimensions of the bushes. From the second half of July, preventive measures are carried out to neutralize phytoophulas.
Before falling down bushes in the open soil, control the condition of its temperature – it must warm enough (the end of May, beginning of June). Busta 7-10 days before landing should withstand hardening.
When landing in open soils it is necessary to carefully, without destroying the earthen lumps and not harm the roots, put the bushes in the pre-prepared wells, and abundantly pour them with warm water.
Culture is not at all the time consuming, but for a meal of a significant amount of fruits, do not forget that systematic irrigation, the fulfillment of certifying measures, bursting of the soil, the exercise of the feeding is the pledge of grade efficiency. In the formation of favorable conditions, the culture is successfully cultivated on loggias, and on the windowsill.
A number of rules are required when leaving:
14 days after the landing, it is advisable to feed the plants with a composition of superphosphate (40 g), ammonium nitrate (10 g) and 10 liters of water;
Irrigation is better to exercise with warm water;
It is advisable to carry out the procedure for mulching straw or sawdust, after checking the level of soil acidity – it should be normal;
Soil loosal procedures near bushes are produced after rain or irrigation;
It is desirable to carry out the treatment of spikes from phytoophulas as chimperics and biosoba “phytoosporin”, boric acid, iodine.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Culture Stress resistant and cold-resistant – tolerant to extreme climatic conditions.
Recommended for growing in the northern regions, zones of non-maritown agriculture.