- Authors: Monsanto Holland B. V.
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Synonyms names: Yaqui
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for whole-door canning, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 74-78 days after planting seedlings
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Marketability: High
See all the characteristics
Tomato Yaku Tomato (YAGUI) refers to the first generation hybrids, which was derived by Dutch breeders-practitioners in 2007. Thanks to the painstaking work of specialists, the high-yielding grade has become popular and among the gardens and farmers around the world. The hybrid shows high rates of yield both when growing in greenhouse conditions and in open beds. Oval fruits with a dense pulp have a wide range of applications and are used not only for consumption in the fresh form, but also for the preparation of various blanks, as well as for preservation in general.
Description of varieties
The hybrid variety of Tomato Yaki belongs to determinant medieval cultures. The dimensional range of an adult bush ranges from 60 cm to 80 cm. Bushes are distinguished by a powerful stem frame with saturated green leaves of medium sized. Sheet plate is wider than most Parenic. The growth of side shoots has a limited scales, which significantly reduces passing volumes.
Despite the average plant size, the specialists are still recommended to carry out their fixation to supports. The formation of the first slope occurs after the appearance of 4-5 sheets. A healthy plant in favorable climatic conditions can form up to 12 covers. Inflorescences are simple and arranged through a sheet, frozen without joints.
The main qualities of fruits
The form of the fruit of this variety has an elongated plum shape with rounded edges. During the period of technical ripeness, tomatoes acquire a saturated red shade. Distinctive feature – no greens in fruit. Large fruits can weigh from 106 to 120 grams. The structure of the pulp is dense, juicy and with a high content of sugars. The proportion of dry substances can reach up to 6%. Leathery sleek smooth, without bulbs.
Harvest is carried out easily and without significant labor. Fruits are removed quickly, while their integrity is fully maintained. The assembled crop has not only a long period of footing, which can reach up to 2 months, but also high transportability indicators. Thanks to such properties, tomatoes are grown not only in the household plots, but also on farms for subsequent sale.
low percentage of stepsing formation;
undepair to the garter;
resistance to climatic oscillations;
Mass ripening of fruits;
the possibility of growing industrial scales and machine assembly;
Low susceptibility to the most common diseases.
Disadvantages: Moretenance Return.
Sort Yaki is distinguished by high taste characteristics, saturated tomato taste and aroma. Thanks to these properties and high content of dry substances, the fruits are widely used to prepare tomato juice, sauces, ketchups and borsching gas stations, and tight flesh and elastic skin allow tomatoes to be conserved as a whole and apply for fresh salads.
Ripening and fruiting
The period of technical ripeness of fruit occurs by 74-78 day after planting seedlings or 100-105 days after sowing seeds in the ground. Harvest Period July-August.
The high-yielding hybrid is distinguished by the friendly maturation of tomatoes, and from a plot of 1 m2 can be collected from 6 kg to 9 kg of fruits.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Despite the huge amount of advantages, breeders practices are not recommended to air this variety directly into the ground, but to resort to a seedy way. Sowing seed material immediately slow down the growth of plants and significantly reduce the yield. Plant seeds in landing containers needed 2-2.5 months before the seedlings landing on open beds. Seeds categorically impossible to plunge, optimal depth of 10 mm. You can increase the germination by creating a greenhouse effect. After the appearance of 2-3 sheet plates, it is necessary to spend the pickup.
Landing seedlings in the soil specialists are recommended to spend in the period when the soil warms up to +12 degrees. The optimal temperature regime for landing is set in early May. The grade is best fruitful after such cultures as grain, legumes, cucumbers and cabbage.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Lighting plant liner varies from 3 to 6 bushes per 1 m2. Scheme of planting 40 cm by 60 cm.
Growing and care
The hybrid tomato refers to unpretentious plants and is successfully cultivated in various climatic conditions. However, to obtain the maximum amount of fruits, the plant must regularly water, fertilize and remove weeds. Do not forget about the good light illumination, since the shading leads to the stretching of the trunks and a decrease in immunity.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Thanks to the hybridization process, the variety is immune to such diseases as gray spottedness of leaves, nematodes and bacterial spotting of fruits. And tomatoes are rarely affected by alternariasis, verticillosis and fusarious fading.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus