Tomato Usman

  • Authors: ENZA ZADEN BEHEER B.V. (Netherlands)
  • Year of assumptions: 2015
  • Synonyms names: USman
  • Category: Hybrid
  • Type of growth: Determinant
  • Purpose: Fresh use
  • Ripening time: Ultrarandy
  • Timing of ripening, days: 55-60
  • Growing conditions: for open soil
  • Marketability: High

See all the characteristics

Osman Tomato – relatively new ultrahed hybrid variety related to the so-called Dutch line. Thanks to high yields and excellent product qualities, commercial cultivation is perfect. Dachniks he also pleases with early and delicious fruits.

History of removal

Polenic culture Usman is a hybrid 1 generation, appeared as a result of the painstaking work of Dutch breeders of agrofirms Enza Zaden. She works in the Netherlands since 1938., Her specialization – selection, seed. In 2014 ENZA ZADEN BEHEER B. V. An application was submitted for the inclusion of a hybrid in the Russian State Registry. Admission to cultivation in all regions of Russia in personal farms in open soil and film tunnels was obtained in 2015. Synonym -usman.

Description of varieties

The described culture is a spherical plant of deterministic type of development. The bush is stripped, with a foliage of medium sizes, coloring of the leaf light green. Estimated simply inflorescence.

The main qualities of fruits

Osman’s tomatoes are distinguished by excellent product qualities, the same dimensions, shape, and these indicators do not change throughout the eve of the growing season. Fruits are classified as large, weight in the range of 180-200 g (sometimes larger specimens weighing 250 g). Flood berry form, with medium ribbies, a large amount of fruit has a characteristic nose. Tomatoes are dense, therefore, they are distinguished by high transportability, good fierce and resistance to cracking.

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Painted immature fruits in light green tone, mature berry bright, dark red. Tomatoes are multi-chamber, each by 6 nests and more.

Taste characteristics

Fruits of tomatoes Usman have excellent taste. Product assignment Salad, most often used in the latest form.

Ripening and fruiting

Usman Gybrid – Ultrasound Culture. Different with record values ​​of the ripening of fruits: 55-60 days.

Yield

The yield of commercial fruit is noted as high and is 6.8 kg / kV. M. At the same time, the fruits ripen quite friendly.

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

Culture is ideal for growing both in open ground and under temporary shelter. Seeds on seedlings start to plant in March.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

The grown seedlings are planted in a greenhouse, while it is necessary to withstand the distance between the wells at 30-40 cm. When landing the stalks of bushes are plugged into 2 cm in the ground. After the completion of the coastal transplant procedure, the warm water should be poured.

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Growing and care

Recommend 2 Culture Growing Technologies.

  • 1 option. Sowing seeds – this method is associated with certain difficulties, as well as it is more laborious. It includes care of seedlings, further peaking of sprouts, followed by disembodied seaside plants in the ground or in a closed complex / greenhouse.
  • Option 2. This cultivation of seedlings in separate cups or in peat tablets. At the stage of 3-4 sheets, it is recommended to transfer the pot or tablets together with the seedle to a permanent place. It will be important to the presence of heat, as well as sufficient illumination at the place of permanent growth. Regular irrigation is also important, the amount and temperature of irrigation fluid is taken into account.

In both cases, it is necessary to observe the main culture care activities, such as feeding, irrigation, loosening, mulching.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

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YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Resistance to diseases and pests

As a hybrid Tomatoes Usman possess a rather high immunity to a variety of grained cultures, such as:

  • Puffy dew caused by Leveillula Taurica (LT / ON);
  • Fusarious wilt (FOL: 0,1);
  • Verticillosis caused by Verticillium Albo-Atrum and Verticillium Dahliae (VA / VD).
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And also resistant hybrid to tomato bronze virus (TSWV) and 3 types of gallic nematodes (MA / MI / MJ).

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

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