- Authors: Steinert T. IN., Aliluev A. IN., Fedyakov B. NS. (LLC “Heterotic Selection”)
- Year of assumptions: 2021
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 105-110
- Growing conditions: for film greenhouses, for greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: 150-170
See all the characteristics
Early varieties are extremely popular among gardeners not only due to the ripening time of fruits, but also because such cultures are more resistant to fungal diseases. And this means that they are unpretentious in care. Tomato Tretyakovsky refers precisely to such varieties.
History of removal
At the moment there are two varieties called Tretyakovsky. Both varieties of intederminant. The first was led in 1998 in the Urals and was not listed in the State Register. The second grade is relatively new. Allowed to use in 2021. Is hybridom. The originator company is the “heterosine selection” with the selection sprayers in the face of Steinert T. IN., Alilueva A. IN., Fedyakova B. NS.
It is stated that tomatoes are suitable for growing in polycarbonate and film greenhouses. There is no restrictions on the growing region.
Description of varieties
Tall bush, with unlimited growth. The height of the stem is 150-170 cm. If you do not pinch the top in time, then the plant can reach 200-250 cm. The length of the bush is regulated depending on the height of the greenhouse.
The manufacturer is recommended to form a bush in two stems: the first – the main, the second is the strongest left stepper. This method is considered the best for a number of reasons. It is important to help the bush unload and bring more yields.
The main trunk is hard, worried. Color Dark green or green-brown. Side shoots grow in large quantities, so it is necessary to packing. Despite the fact that stem is hard, it cannot withstand the whole severity of the fruits, so you need a garter to spicks or trellis.
Foliage quite a lot. It is dark, oblong – elongated in shape with jarbins around the edges. The surface of the plates is very darling. Gardeners recommend to remove part of the leaves, especially in the lower branches, because they have no need.
Root system well developed, but only superficial. Roots deepen more sideways than deep into. It is worth considering the seedlings.
Inflorescence in the variety intermediate. Bright yellow buds, are pollinated independently. Empties are practically no.
The first marking appears at 6-7 sheets, follow-up – after 3. 7-9 fruits are formed on one brush. Mass of vegetables does not differ among themselves. On the lower branches of the berry can be born not more larger than on high. The main difference is that on the upper fruit crops is formed less, only 4-6.
Positive parties are noted, such as increased yields and beautiful flavors of fruits.
The manufacturer declares that the variety is universal, so it can be used to prepare any dishes and canning. Thanks to the dense skin, tomatoes transport well transportation. They have a long shelf life, up to 1.5-2 months in a dark place. In the characteristics of the variety it is indicated that the bushes are not afraid of the cold, they are not afraid of a small drought and shadow.
Negative parties, like many intederminant varieties, are considered to be the need to tie the bush and form it.
The main qualities of fruits
Fruits of approximately one weight – 220-250 g. In the form of vegetables flat-circular. The ribbilist is manifested in the fruction, but it is weakly-reasonable and felt only on the touch.
Ring berries color, tight, but thin. When processing is well removed from the fetus. Cracking the variety is not characteristic. It is stated that unworthy green tomatoes are well ripening in a dark and warm place without loss of taste.
The flesh is dense, juicy, sahary and watery. Her color rose-raspberry. Inside 2-3 cameras, seeds a little, and they are empty.
In addition to consuming fresh, the fruits are suitable for salting, frost and for vegetable soups or jams.
It is stated that the taste of the tomato sour-sweet with a characteristic tomato aroma.
Ripening and fruiting
Early ripening type. Fruits are formed in 105-110 days. And harvest falls at the end of July or the beginning of August. Fruction is not stretched, maximum can be collected in two stages.
Variety inherent excellent yield. C 1 m2 can be collected up to 20-25 kg of berries, if you form a bush in two stems. If in one, then the yield will reach 10-12 kg.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
As the hybrid variety, then you need to purchase a disaster material, because it is impossible to breed seeds yourself.
It is recommended to grow culture in covered greenhouses. And this means that it is possible to sow seeds from the end of February to the beginning of April. Before sowing, it is worth reading on the label that pre-treatment was carried out. If so, you can land the material without delay.
If there was no processing, then everything is pre-soaked in water room temperature. In order to disinfect seeds, a few drops of manganese drip into the liquid. Then everything is washed in distilled water and dry is rubbed with a paper towel.
Fertile land is poured into the seaside containers. It should be soft, and preferably mix it with sand. If the soil is harvested independently, then it should be dry and disgraced. To do this, you can just rolling the land in the stove. In the soil, many malicious trace elements and pests, such as the Medveda and the White.
Sowing seed does not take much time. Pets are made in shallow, two seeds are laid in one hole. After that, everything is aligned and shed water.
Containers are covered with a film and remove into a warm place. For the week, the seeds will turn.
The following sediment care will include:
Watering once a week;
feeding growth stimulants;
sunlight at least 14 hours;
Planting seedlings in the soil stands in May or early June. The air temperature should be not lower than + 14 ° C, in the greenhouse – 16-18 ° C.
After disembarking, each bush is abundantly spilled by water, and everything leaves for about a week. During this week, the plant is not feeding and does not moisturize. Especially high bushes are tied to the support.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Since the roots at the Tretyakovsky variety grow, and not down, then you should choose the optimal seating for seedlings. Scheme can be 30×50 cm. This will be enough for subsequent processing of bushes and harvest.
Growing and care
For a good crop, keep the main points in care.
Babe support. Tapping not only stem, but also branches, as the fruits are extremely sweaty, and from their number of branches are beaten under weight. Avenue should be avoided. On juice can come insects.
Watered a bush abundantly, but infrequently. On average up to 3 walking warm water. Watering is carried out not only at the stem itself, but also a little around, with a diameter of about 20 cm so that the whole length of the roots is saturated. After irrigation, the soil is necessarily fried. This is done with a chopper and not very deep. It is enough to break the top layer.
The formation of the bush must be held weekly. Extra shoots are removed as soon as they reach 4-6 cm. Bottom leaves also remove.
Preventive spraying from insects and fungal diseases.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus