- Authors: B. V. Nunhems (Netherlands)
- Year of assumptions: 2008
- Synonyms names: Tarpan
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Medium
- Timing of ripening, days: 98-105
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Marketability: High
See all the characteristics
Such a romantic name can mean an excellent result on the beds. But the Tomato Tarpan gives an attractive harvest, you will have to carefully examine his botanical subtleties and nuances of growing. And any subtlety deserves a serious analysis.
History of removal
Tampara Tarpan developed by Dutch breeders. The authorship of the plant belongs to the company B. V. Nunhems. The culture was officially allowed to plant on personal gardens in 2008. Obtained it by hybridization.
Description of varieties
Tomato Tarpan – Determinant Type. His bushes are low (no more than 0.7 m). These plants are externally compact. Foliage painted in light green tone. For them is typical average size.
The main qualities of fruits
The share of commodity harvest varies greatly. It can reach from 84 to 97%. Accordingly, the quality of agrotechnical works is played here. And also can not be ignored and the significance of weather conditions. If the berries are commodity, they will be really good. Also emphasize the decent transportability of the harvest.
Tomatoes will develop on simple type inflorescences. Other parameters:
The fruit is not articulated;
In immature form of a crop painted in light green tone;
Mature tomatoes have pink color;
The usual mass of berries from 67 to 190 g;
The brush includes 4, 5 or 6 tomatoes;
Typical shape of a flat circle with a weakly pronounced ribbon.
Tomato Tarpan Sweetste. His taste is relatively saturated. Juicy flesh of saharyst. High density is typical for her. The proportion of dry matter ranges from 5.2 to 6%, and the sugar acid index varies from 2.6 to 3%.
Main areas of use:
consumption in the fresh condition;
Development of ketchup;
Production of tomato paste.
Ripening and fruiting
Tarpan refers to medium-grained varieties. Vintage will take part for 98-105 days. Counting traditionally begins on the emergence of the first green sprouts on the surface. But in a particular case, the weather and agrotechnical works strongly affect the result achieved.
Declared the ability to give from 5 to 6 kg of tomatoes on 1 plant. At the same time, the collection of 1 hectare ranges from 266 to 607 centners. Once again, it is necessary to remind the importance of weather parameters and work.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seed seeds in seeded containers need to be produced in the first 5-7 days of calendar spring. Seedlings need to start 55-60 days before the approximate landing in the soil. Picking is performed on the phase of 2 real leaves.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Plants Recommended by 400×500 mm. This method is directly prescribed by the planting material suppliers. No sense to look for alternative approaches just no. On 1 “square” of the site is allowed to put up to 8 bushes. Such a grade is still tolerated even a condensed landing.
Growing and care
Packing bushes Tarpan almost never need. The exception is only an emergency tower situation. Stated resistance to verticillaty damage and fusarious fading. However, it is still recommended to protect plants from such infections. There will be no means for the protection against insect pests, loving attacking tomato bushes.
Tarpan is required to systematically water. Walcast bushes is extremely relevant. Comprehensive mineral fertilizers are predominantly used for feeding. Prevention of damage to infections and pests quite often include agrotechnical events. The correct crop rotation is very important.
The primary landing is often made with their own hands, stirring the same quantities:
turf or garden soil;
washed river sand.
Soils are required to shed fertilizers dissolved in water. Their concentration (in PROMILL) is:
For potassium sulfate from 25 to 30;
for carbamide 10;
For superphosphate 30.
Sometimes apply the store soil. However, always before landing the land should be carefully disinfected. This can be performed:
calcining in the oven or microwave oven;
marking in refrigerators;
watering fungicides and insecticides.
Making the soil, you can not apply. Put tomatoes Tarpan can be in containers either in boxes. Seed seeds are necessary in small grooves, where they are slightly sprinkled with soil. The surface of the landing is required to moisturize with a pulverizer; Containers are covered with polyethylene film or glass.
As soon as germs arise, the tanks must be rearranged on a decently lit warm section. Picking is made after the emergence of a pair of real leaves. At the same time you will have to donate tomatoes. Before the transplantation in open land, the seedlings are supposed to handle outdoors; Turning is usually produced at the end of the threat of spring cold.
Transplant culture in heated greenhouses need earlier. Seedlings can be started in peat pots. Then they are shifted into the wells, not removed from the tank. Tarpan, like other varieties, watered exclusively under the root of a standing water, preventing moisturizing stems and foliage. Loose land and mulch it need in any case.
Feeding use 3 or 4 times for the growing season. At the same time, the organic and minerals alternate. Sometimes side shoots pinch after the 4th brush. Protection against negative factors is provided with “PhytoPorin-M”. Sometimes use and containing copper drugs.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Such a tomato persistently tolerates pretty severe cold. It also excellently transfers dry periods. It is also worth noting that these properties do not allow to abandon basic protective measures.
Tarpan is well cultivated in the North Caucasus. Growing it there is directly recommended by the landing material suppliers. The probability of success in more complex climatic conditions is small. However, in the main region, it is necessary to strictly observe the temporary framework of landing and meteorological requirements.
The yield of this tomato is high enough. High quality berries is celebrated in estimates. There is almost no need to eliminate steps. The cost of landing material is very noticeable. However, low incidence in combination with other advantages compensate for an increased price.