- Authors: Russia
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for juice
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-120
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for greenhouses
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: 70-80
- Leaves: Large, conventional type
See all the characteristics
As a rule, deterministic tomatoes form the fruits of medium and small sizes, which are very convenient to use in conservation. And not all tall tomatoes are able to please large vegetables, most often used in the fresh form. In turn, Tamara Tomato combines elegant low bushes and rather large bulk fruits. With the simplest care, the culture is able to surprise even the most experienced gardener with the amount of crop.
Description of varieties
The plant belongs to the determinant of stumbling type tomatoes. Maximum height does not exceed 70-80 cm. Additional garter culture does not require. However, if the soil is strongly enriched with nutrients, and favorable climatic conditions have developed, the bushes grow up to 120 cm. Then in this case without additional supports can not do. Opported sheets, large.
The main qualities of fruits
Tamara is a large-scale tomato, picking up a mass of 300-500 grams. Form rounded with small ribbed and perfect smooth surface. Ripe tomato is uniformly covered in red. Despite the fact that the skin is thin, it is able to protect the fetus from cracking. The collected crop is well tolerate transportation, has an attractive product view, since the fruits grow the same size.
Fleshy, sahary pulp on a breakproof has a harmonious sweet taste, with a pleasant sourness in the aftertaste and a pronounced tomato aroma. Fruits are not watery, the number of seeds is small.
Tomatoes are used both in fresh and processed. Suitable for cooking salads, sauces, juices. Due to the large amount of sugar content, the product is often used in children’s and diet nutrition.
Ripening and fruiting
Tamara refers to the type of mediterranean tomatoes. In terms of competent agricultural engineering, the culture will be ripe for 110-120 days after the first germs appeared. The collection period of vegetables continues from July to August.
High-yielding grade. 5.5 kg of fruits are obtained from one bush on average.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Effective cultivation method – Eat. Seeding seeds start in mid-March – early April, approximately 60 days before the expected landing date for a permanent place. Before embarking on seeds, they first disinfect and processed by a special preparation for stimulation of development. For the best germination, it is necessary to ensure the right temperature regime in the room (23-25 degrees) and lighting (12-14 hours per day). If all the conditions are observed, the first shoots appear in a week.
When seedlings achieve in development of 2-3 leaves, they are pricted in separate containers. 2 weeks before landing in the ground, we follow the seedlings. This will allow the plant better to adapt in a new place and faster to root.
To landing in the open ground, in mid-May – early June. The main thing is that the constant warm weather is established, and the earth warmed up quite well. The best time for holding landing works – evening or cloudy weather. First, the seedlings will have to be covered at night with a film to protect them from possible cold.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
When growing tomatoes, it is necessary to observe the distance between plants and beds. On one square meter, you can land not more than 4-5 bushes, sticking to the scheme 50 x 40 cm.
Growing and care
Tomato is not very whimsical in care, but requires increased attention to watering. Culture forms a rather strong stem, which practically does not produce stepsings. When irrigation, it is necessary to ensure that the water does not fall on the leaves, in order to avoid the development of fungal infections. Watering is carried out regularly. It is best for this drip watering. Tomatoes do not flood, but does not dry up the earth.
Mulching makes it possible not only to protect the roots from excessive loss of moisture from the soil, but also allows you to warm the primer in the regions with a cool climate. As well as for good development and formation of large fruits, it is necessary to take care of additional nutrition.
Before planting, the site is well hammered, removing weeds and roots, bringing a large amount of organic fertilizer. After planting, culture will be required for a good development of mineral feeding in the form of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, which are made before the start of flowering.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
With proper care, Tamara variety is practically not affected by tomato diseases. The plant has good resistance to phytoophluorosis, but poorly resisting the verticilestrosis and mildew. If the first signs of infection appears, fungicides are effectively coping with it.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Tomato is designed for cultivation in areas of the middle strip, Moscow region, Siberia and Urals.