- Authors: Hovrin A. N., Tereshonkova T. BUT., Klimenko N. N., Kostenko A. N. (FGBNU “Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing”, LLC “Agroofirma Search”)
- Year of assumptions: 2015
- Synonyms names: Star East F1
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for salting and canning, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 90-95
- Growing conditions: for film greenhouses
- Marketability: High
See all the characteristics
Any gardener seeks to get a rich harvest on its plot. However, it does not always work. The reason often lies in the incorrectly selected grade for cultivation in a particular region. Tomato Star East deserves special attention.
The hybrid was derived by domestic breeders in 2015 and every year is gaining increasingly popular due to excellent taste and through ease of cultivation, unpretentiousness in care, productivity, sustainability to many diseases.
Description of varieties
The star of the East refers to intenerminant hybrid varieties. In the process of development, the crown must be formed in 2-3 shoots. The bushes are tall – the height is 170-200 cm, they must be tied up. Listers of medium length, green. 5-7 fruits are formed on one brush.
Tomato got its name due to the characteristic location of the chambers inside the tomato – as an asterisk.
Mostly, the grades are grown in film greenhouses, but it is possible in the open soil. Current conditions depend on the climatic features of the region. Culture is very resistant to harsh external factors. Calmly tolerates non-murdered frosts and long droughts.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomatoes are large, with pink color, the weight of one can reach 270-300 g. Fruit form rounded, smooth. About 5-6 tomatoes are formed on one brush. The ripe crop is most often collecting with cripples.
The variety lies perfectly for a long time without losing its turnout. Well tolerate long-term transportation. Vegetability high, vegetable yield is 80-90%.
Tomato Star of the East has an amazing delicious taste. He is pleasant, harmonious combining sweetness and light sourness. Fleshy, dense and juicy pulp makes it possible to use the fruits both in fresh form and recycled.
Of them make juices, sauces, pasta, size allows them to canning them whole, the skin is dense and does not burst. Best of all the taste of them is revealed when used in fresh cutting.
Ripening and fruiting
Differs in early maturation, which comes to 90-95 days after the appearance of germs. Vintage is collected in July and August.
High-Three Hybrid, Stable. Competent care allows you to collect from one square meter at least 15.6 kg. With regular subcortex, the amount of crop increases to 20-22 kg. From one bush can be collected 5-6 kg.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Seeds begin to sow in early March, the soil must be a moisture permeable and fertile, which also add peat, sand and compost. Before starting to land, the seeds should be displaced in a weak solution of manganese.
Seedlings use special boxes or greenhouse. In the soil, the grooves of 1,5 cm depth are made, the ground is sprinkled and a slightly trambet. Capacity are placed in the warming room. To begin to appear sequels, a temperature of 22-24 degrees is necessary. After germination of culture, it is embarrassed.
To get a healthy and strong seedlings of the Tomato star of the East, it is watered with warm water, additionally illuminate phytolams and make mineral and organic fertilizers.
Picking tomatoes begin with 3 real leaves – distinctive feature of the hybrid. To landing for a permanent place to the greenhouse of seedlings is ready at the age of 50-55 days from the date of the first germination – in mid-April. In the open ground plant planted at the end of May.
When disembarking, seedlings can not deepen seedlings, only root. At the end of the bush necessarily be tied up to the support and abundantly watered with warm water.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
The wells are made at a distance of 30-40 cm each other, between the rows of 70 cm. On one square meter you can land no more than 4 seedlings.
Growing and care
Culture is not particularly demanding in care. Competent cultivation lies in timely watering, feeding and loosening the Earth. However, to get a good harvest, the star of the East needs to be planted on the rich nutrients of the soil. Also should constantly bring mineral and organic fertilizers.
Stress-resistant variety, so after planting seedlings for permanent place, Tomato does not need to give time to adapt. Saplings are quickly rooted. Irrigation carry out several times a week. If it is hot and dry weather, watering increases. For lower moisture loss, mulch. Loose the soil you need to constantly – this procedure enriches the ground with oxygen.
Making organic and mineral fertilizers – an important component of the good development of tomato. Substances are made several times a month. This is especially true for nitrogen, potash and phosphor. Nitrogen allows you to grow green mass and develop the root system, and potassium affects the taste characteristics of tomatoes.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus