- Authors: Dederko B.N., Postnikova O.IN.
- Year of assumptions: 2007
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Determinant
- Purpose: Fresh use, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Transportability: Yes
- Bush size: Night-grade
- Height of the bush, see: up to 80
See all the characteristics
For summer residents and farmers from the northern regions with a cold and short summer, not so easy to find a kind of tomatoes that will be simple in cultivation and productive in a short time. There may be a mid-freed variety of a Siberian trump card that grows on a garden, and in a secure soil.
History of removal
The tomato view of Siberian breeders about. IN. Postnikova and B. N. Dederko in 2005. Two years later (in 2007), the culture of the Siberian trump card replenished the ranks of the registry of the selection achievements of the Russian Federation, and was also allowed to use. Tomato view of cultivation in all regions of the country, especially in the northern part, where short and cool summer.
Description of varieties
The average tomatoes of the Siberian trump card – this is a lowest determinant plant, which is pulled in height of up to 80 cm. The bush is characterized by the spreadability of the branches, the average despost of dark green leaves, serve the central stem without the edge, a powerful root system supplying nutrients to the plant, and simple inflorescences. Each fruit brush is tied from 6 to 14 tomatoes.
When growing, it is recommended to form a bush in 1-2 stems, regularly steaming and tie to supports, otherwise the trunk and branches will be laughing and rolled under weighty berries. The appointment of tomatoes is universal, but most often they are eating fresh, in salads, and also processed at refueling, paste, puree. For juices, tomato is not suitable, because the drink is too thick.
The main qualities of fruits
The vegetable belongs to the group of large-scale, gaining a mass on average from 220 to 700 grams. The largest fruit growing in the bottom of the bush. Form in vegetable flat-core, with a noticeable ribbon walls. Ripe tomato has a bright red color, sometimes with raspberry shades, and in a state of immaturity of a vegetable light green. Skin skin is thin, but durable, so the vegetable can easily transfers transportation and can be stored for a long time without loss of the commercial type. Tomatoes are not inclined to cracking.
Taste with Tomato delightful, for which he appreciates many dackets. The pulp of tomatoes is fleshy, very dense and juicy. Ripe tomato is endowed with a bright scarlet pulp, where there are practically no seed. In taste of vegetable dominate sweetness and sugar, supplemented barely felt sourness. Fragrance in the vegetable of medium severity, with dessert-spicy notes.
Ripening and fruiting
This tomato species refers to the middle-rates. From the period of mass germination to ripe berries at the brushes passes 110-115 days. Maturation at the Siberian Trump friend. The growing season at the plant is tightened and can last until autumn. It is not recommended for a long time to leave ripe berries on the branches, because they will lose taste and pick up the nutrients in the plant.
Variety at variety is high even with bad weather conditions. When performing basic care rules, you can collect on 1 m2 from 8.3 kg of tomatoes. In practice, from one bush for the season is removed from 5 to 7 kg of ripe tomatoes.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds on seedlings spend 50-60 days before the transplantation of bushes on the bed. Often it is the second half of March. Seeds pre-sort, disinfect, process growth stimulant. The germination of seedlings is observed in a week. With the advent of 2-3-leaf leaves, there is a dive of separate cups. For 101-115 days before the transfer of plants, they are subjected to hardening, which will soften the process of addictive to new conditions.
Sit on the bed of bushes at the stage of appearance 6-8 sheets and one flower brush. Starts landing from the second half of May.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Sutting off tomatoes, you need to observe the density and landing scheme, on which the comfort of culture depends on. 1 m2 worth posting 3 bushes. Optimal for landing is considered to be a circuit 70×60 cm.
Growing and care
Culture loves the fertile and peeled soil in which the necessary humidity constantly holds. In addition, the plot should be well covered with the sun or light.
Difficult agricultural equipment does not require a variety, but a number of events will have to perform: watering (better to provide drip watering), make fertilizers, pour and mulch the soil, form and tie the bushes, remove steps, to cut down the lower leaves so that there is no dampness, as well as protect against insects.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Tomatoes Siberian trump card resistant to most of the diseases of the grained, in particular, fusarious fading and vertex rot. The only thing that is subject to culture is phytoftor, to prevent periodic prevention will help.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
In general, the culture is very worn, so it is well tolerated and cold and heat. In addition, there are no negative impact on tomatoes neither drought nor long rains.