- Authors: Ugarova S.IN., Dederko B.N., Postnikova O.IN.
- Year of assumptions: 2008
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for whole-fucked canning
- Ripening time: LateVire
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for closed soil
- Marketability: High
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: 120-190
See all the characteristics
For tomatoes, quite rare is a combination of unusual color and ease of care. Such grade Siberian Malachite. Rounded Emerald Fruits, which are externally similar to the motley quail eggs, a wonderful taste, coupled with the beneficial properties of fruit and simple agrotechnology, made a culture of one of the beloved among the gardeners.
History of removal
An unusual grade was removed in Novosibirsk experienced binary seeders with. IN., Dederko B. N. and Postnikova O. IN. Entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation and allowed to grow both on the open soil and under the film in almost all regions of the country since 2008.
Description of varieties
Siberian malachite is a tall plant with intederminant growth type. Culture is characterized by the presence of severe trunks, the height of which varies from 120 to 190 centimeters. It will depend on the place of growth. Bushes growing in greenhouse conditions can be very high, up to a two-meter mark. With the soil cultivation, Siberian malachite will be much lower. Each bunch contains 5-7 fruits, they are all smooth, smooth, very decorative look.
The main qualities of fruits
The main characteristic feature of Siberian Malachite is the original color of the berries. In immature form of tomato green, has stripes, but after the onset of full maturity, his green color remains, but it is added yellow as picturesque streaks or golden strips.
The fruits of the considered variety distinguishes the round shape, moderate size, on average tomato mass – 120-150 grams. Inside the fruits have seed nests, there may be 4 or more.
Tomatoes Siberian Malachite in their high taste indicators are largely superior to some red tomatoes. They are sweet, with fruit notes, juicy, moreover, contain many carotene, due to which allergies do not cause. They are often used in diet of children and diet food. Emerald pulp with streaks looks very interesting in context.
Perfectly fit and for consumption in the fresh form, and for canning the whole. The fruits are dense, so you do not crack, it looks perfectly inside the bank. In addition to spectacular cutting and summer salads, they are used when cooking hot dishes, juices, pastes, assorted.
This is one of the most useful tomatoes, it can be used even to those who adhe the diet.
Ripening and fruiting
Siberian malachite is also classified as the secondary, and to late cultures, but still he is closer to the late group.
In varieties that voluntarily have late, there are also its advantages. For example, if different varieties are grown on the site, the early days finished fruit, and the late only began to sleep. As a result, it turns out that there will be fresh tasty tomatoes on the table almost all summer. As well as late tomatoes, as a rule, are kept longer and is well transported.
Siberian Malachite has a high yield – from 10.6 to 12 kg with 1 kV. Meter Grookok.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Sowing seeds of Siberian Malachite to seedlings make in advance, that is, 50-60 days before the transfer directly into the ground. For successful germination of the seed material, it is necessary to maintain the optimum temperature at the level of 23-25 ° C.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Since plants are high and spread, on one “square” planted 3-4 plants. At the same time, preference is given to the first option, that is, not more than 3.
Growing and care
The above-mentioned varietal tomatoes are designed for growing open-air, as well as on greenhouse beds. At the same time, a higher yield can be obtained during cultivation in a greenhouse, where Siberian malachite demonstrates the best performance. Culture often in 1-2 stems are also needed to support.
The highest yield is observed if you form a bush in 2-3 barrels. Need to remove unnecessary leaves. Grade is quite unpretentious, perfectly tolerates cool Siberian Summer. Speaks well to feeding complex minudging. And also follow the landing time to water. In the heat of watering needed more often, up to 2 times a day.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Important advantage of varieties – endurance in rather complex climatic conditions of the summer period in Siberia: a sharp decrease in temperature, rains, which often arise suddenly, long-term cool weather.