- Authors: Domanskaya M. TO., Gubko B. N., Orlova E. BUT., Salmina I. WITH., Chernovolova O. BUT., Dmitrienko A. NS.
- Year of assumptions: 2009
- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Universal
- Ripening time: Early
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-105
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses
- Transportability: Good
- Bush size: Tall
See all the characteristics
You can decorate the garden bed, disembulating exotic tomatoes, which are not just aesthetically attractive, but also delicious. This includes the early Tomato Cherry Shalun, productive and in the open ground, and in protected.
History of removal
Tomatoes Shalun are created by a group of Russian breeder scientists (and. WITH. Salmina, A. NS. Dmitrienko, O. BUT. Chernovolov, B. N. Gubko and M. TO. Domanskaya) in 2007. Two years later, in 2009, culture was made to the State Register of Selection Achievements, and also allowed. It is recommended to grow vegetable culture in all regions of the country. In the southern and central part, you can get to the garden, and in colder regions – in the film greenhouse.
Description of varieties
Tomato Shalun is a tall plant of an incomerminant type, growing up to 200 cm. Culture is characterized by a weak thicance of small green leaflets, a strong central stem and flexible branches with a noticeable endowment, developed root and complex inflorescences. Healthy bush fucked by tremendous fruit tassels. Each fruit brush is tied up to 30 mini-berries.
Growing vegetable culture, it is necessary to form bushes in 1-2 stems, be sure to tie them to supports or trellis, and also regularly remove extra steps. In view of the fact that the desiredness is weak, there is no need to cut forward.
The appointment of tomatoes is universal, so they are eaten fresh, processed on juices and pastes, are widely used in cooking, marinate and canned. Especially relevant all-air canning.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomatoes Cherry Shalun belong to the class of finely. The average weight of the berries is 11 grams, but sometimes tomatoes grow up to 15-20 g. Form of berry backdropoid with perfect smooth surface. Ripe Cherry is evenly painted in a rich-raspberry color, and at the stage of technical maturity – in green. Sweeting berries dense, shiny, non-rigid. In vegetables due to density, the skin is resistance to cracking. In addition, tomatoes are transportable and have long-term.
Tomatoes are characterized by excellent taste and excellent product qualities. The flesh of berries has moderate density, meatiness and sufficient juiciness. The taste is harmonious, in which sweetness prevails, supplemented with light sugariness and spicy aroma. Seeds in pulp little.
Ripening and fruiting
Salun is an early tomato, so since the mass germination of seedlings to ripe berries in the brushes is held only 95-105 days. The period of fruiting stretches, which will enjoy ripe berries for a long time. Phase actively ripening fruits falls on July-August. Ripe tomatoes can hang on the bunches, not shuffling.
The yield of this early view reaches 3.9 kg of tomatoes with 1 m2, the main thing is to comply with the main agrotechnical rules. Growing culture in a greenhouse, the yield will be slightly higher – 4.2-4.9 kg with 1 m2.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
Tomato is grown through seedlings. Seed seed at the end of March – early April. Previously sort them by checking on suitability, disinfect and process growth stimulant. Mass germination comes 5-7 days. For further growth, it is necessary to ensure the right temperature and light modes.
Piciation is carried out at the stage of appearance on bushes 2-3-leaf. After the searition, you should water seedlings and feed. A week before the change of bushes hardened, which will facilitate the adaptation of seedlings to new climatic and soil conditions.
The landing for a bed or to a greenhouse is held in the second half of May – early June. At this moment, the bushes at the age of 55-60 have 5-7 leaves and flower brush.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
To grow tomatoes healthy, it is necessary to put them on correctly on the garden, which will provide sufficient access of oxygen and light plants. On 1 m2 it is recommended to plant no more than 3 bushes. Proper to land is considered a circuit 70×40 cm.
Growing and care
The variety does not require special care, but worse to soil. The soil should be loose, breathable, moisture-permeable and fertile. In addition, the plot should be abundantly lit by the Sun, as the Tomatoes Shalun Teploud. The best for cultivation will be the plot where the zucchini, radishes or pumpkin grew earlier.
Integrated culture care consists of regular watering with warm water, weeding beds, fertilizers, formation, steaming and garters, greenhouse ventilation, as well as preventive protection measures for pests and viruses.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
Immunity provides tomato protection against some diseases – phytoophulas and tobacco mosaic virus.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Stress resistance makes tomato resistant to temperature differences, short drought and heat.