Tomato Schelkovsky Early

  • Synonyms names: Shchelkovskii Rannii
  • Category: Sort
  • Purpose: Universal
  • Ripening time: Ultrarandy
  • Timing of ripening, days: 80-100
  • Growing conditions: for film greenhouses
  • Bush size: Dwarf
  • Height of the bush, see: 30-35
  • Characteristic bush: Compact
  • Leaves: Potato type

See all the characteristics

Despite the diversity of tomato species offered by agrofirms, many gardeners prefer proven, classic varieties capable of giving stable yields even in extreme conditions. This includes Tomato Schelkovsky Early.

History of removal

Schelkovsky Early – This is a tomato with a long history, derived by Soviet breeders more than 30 years ago. Recommended for cultivation in all climatic zones of the country. Parable culture is equally productive and in beds, and in film greenhouses, and in mini-greenhouses.

Description of varieties

Schelkovsky Early Tomato is a low-level determinant type plant growing at a height of 30-35 cm. Sometimes this tomato type is called dwarf due to low-speed and compactness of bushes. It is characterized by a bush with thin stems, weak bums of foliage light green color, medium-developed root and simple inflorescences. After the appearance of 6 fruit brushes, the stem ceases the height independently. On a healthy tomato bush, 7-9 fruit brushes are formed, where 5-6 berries are tied.

During the cultivation, the bushes do not need a garter to supports, since very low, and they also do not need to steer and cut forward. You can form bushes at will – in 1 or 2 stems. Purpose of tomatoes universal, so they are ideal for fresh salads, for refining at refueling and drinks, for salting and marination, and of course, for whole-fuel canning.

The main qualities of fruits

Tomato Schelkovsky Early presents the category of middle-pricy. Vegetable mass reaches 40-60 grams. The form in tomatoes is correct rounded without ribbed surface. Ripe tomato has a uniform rich red color, and at the stage of technical maturity – light green. Peel in vegetables thin, glossy, not tough. Tomato is endowed with moderate resistance to cracking, good transportability and weak fodder, like most early species.

Taste characteristics

Schelkovsky early vegetable attracts not only an ideal form, but also excellent taste. The flesh of the fetus fleshy, gentle, juicy, with a small number of seeds. Taste with Classic tomatoes – sour-sweet with severe spicy aroma. During growing in rainy summer, tomatoes may not lose sweetness and become more acidified.

Ripening and fruiting

Tomatoes belong to the class of ultrasound. From the mass germination to ripe fruits on the bushes is only 80-100 days. Ripening in fruit rapid. The first tomatoes from the bed can be removed in the second half of June, and the peak of fruction falls in July.

Yield

Yield is one of the advantages of this vegetable culture. Providing standard agricultural engineering, on 1 m2 you can collect a decent harvest – from 8 to 9 kg of ripe tomatoes.

Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground

Culture is grown by two ways – through seeds in the ground and seedlings, which is more comfortable and simple. Sowing seeds spend in March. Pre-sowing material sort and disinfected. Sailish comes on 7 days. Section on individual pots is carried out at the stage of growth on a bush 2-3-leaf. 10-14 days before resetting, plants start hardening so that they quickly adapted to new conditions.

The transplant to a new place is carried out at the stage of the appearance of 4-present leaves aged 55-60 days. Depending on the climate and the conditions of cultivation, the transplant is carried out in the period from the end of May before June.

The main stages of growing seedlings at home

Preparation of seeds

Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.

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Soaking seeds

According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.

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What kind of soil to choose for seedlings

Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.

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Planting scheme

So that the plants are obtained in sufficient oxygen and light, they need to be correctly positioned on the site. On 1 m2 you can land 6-8 bushes. Recommended for landing is considered scheme 50×30 cm.

Growing and care

A classic tomato view is absolutely not capricious in care and undemanding to the soil, the main thing is that the soil is breathable, loose and fertile. The most favorable environment is the one where zucchini, cabbage and radishes have previously grown.

Integrated culture care consists of basic measures: moderate watering with warm water, making feeding, loosening and tidwing, prevention of diseases and insuming of pests. In the greenhouse you need to control the level of humidity.

How and than feed tomatoes?

At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.

It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.

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YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein

Resistance to diseases and pests

Tomato is endowed with high immunity, therefore diseases common among thesist crops is rarely affected. Provide protection against insect invasions, it is possible to carry out preventive processing insecticides.

Processing and prevention from diseases and pests

Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse

During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).

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Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil

Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.

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PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus

Resistance to adverse weather conditions

This variety is a holder of high stress resistance. It can easily transfers temperature slides, short drought and heat. In addition, the plant is not afraid of shaders and thickening.

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