- Category: Sort
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, for salting and canning, for juice, for ketchup and tomato paste
- Ripening time: Medium
- Timing of ripening, days: 110-115
- Marketability: High
- Transportability: Yes
- Bush size: Tall
- Height of the bush, see: 120-150
- Characteristic bush: Powerful
See all the characteristics
Each dacket on its plot, along with proven and favorite types of tomatoes, trying to grow some exotic variety, which will give a good harvest, without requiring excessively complex agrotechnology. This can include the Italian variety of tomatoes with the unusual name of San Martzano.
History of removal
This mid-grade variety has a long history of creation, throughout which tomatoes have been improved by breeders. Officially tomatoes were registered almost 100 years ago (in 1926), but in the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation was not made, which absolutely does not prevent the variety to be beloved among gardeners and farmers. Recommended for the cultivation of a grain culture and in greenhouse conditions, and in beds and in greenhouses.
Description of varieties
Vegetable culture of San Martzano is a tall intederminant plant that can be pulled in height to 120-150 cm. In the greenhouses, the bushes grow up to 180-200 cm. It is characterized by a powerful bush with strong central escapes, flexible branches, a temperate thickening light green foliage, developed root system and a simple type of inflorescence. The first fruit brush is formed over 5-6 sheet, where it is formed from 6 to 8 tomatoes. For the season on a bush is formed to 10-12 fruit brushes.
Growing a plant, it is necessary to form a bush in 2-3 stems, be sure to support the central stem and branches to the supports or trellis, and also periodically passionateness, because steesters can take the vital energy from the bush.
The main qualities of fruits
Tomato San Martzano, which refers to the class of large-scale, is characterized by an unusual shape and a uniform color. In berries, a plum-shaped (extended cream), reaching a length of 10-14 cm. On average, the tomato is gaining a lot of 120 grams. In the state of absolute ripeness, the vegetable has intensively red color, and in the stage of ripening – light green. Skin is a thin and elastic tomato, covered with a beautiful gloss, which gives the tomato attractiveness.
The advantage of the fruit is the resistance to cracking, preservation during transportation, as well as a long-term blender. Purpose of the vegetable is universal, so tomatoes eat fresh, canned marinated, recycle on pasta and ketchup. In addition, tomatoes are ideal for whole-fucked canning.
Taste of the Tomatoes of the Italian variety saturated and fresh. The pulp of extended fruits is moderately dense, fleshy, very juicy, but when cutting the juice does not spread. In section inside the tomato there may be small emptiness. In taste prevails bright sweetness, complemented by spicy aroma. With an insufficient sun during cultivation, tomatoes can purchase light sourness. Seeds in the pulp almost no feeling.
Ripening and fruiting
Tomato San Martzano refers to medium. From the appearance of full shoots to ripe tomatoes on the branches, 110-115 days. Peel fruits uniformly. In the state of complete maturity, berries do not appear, despite the fact that there is a sufficient amount of tomatoes on the fruit brush. Peak fruction falls in July-August.
Abundant and stable crop – this is one of the virtues of the variety. Under all the rules of agrotechnology with 1 bush, per season can be collected up to 8-10 kg of ripe tomatoes.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
A vegetable is grown by a seed basis. Sowing seeds is held in the second half of March, if plant landing in open ground is supposed. Seeds on seedlings for greenhouses sow at the end of February. Sowing material pre-sort and disinfected. The mass germination of seeds occurs on 5-7 days, if you follow the temperature and light modes. After the appearance of 2-3rd real leaves, you can spend dive (searches of bushes on separate cups).
You can transfer seedlings to the garden in the second half of May, when the air is warm, and the night drops were passed. Landing in a greenhouse is held for 2-3 weeks earlier.
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Density and landing scheme are as important as compliance with the rules of culture. 1 m2 It is recommended to place 2-3 bushes. Optimal for landing is considered a circuit 50×50 cm.
Growing and care
The best painted culture in loose, fertile and purified by weeds. As a rule, a plot is selected, well illuminated by the Sun. Favorable for growing tomatoes will be the soil where carrots, zucchini or pumpkin grew.
Comprehensive tomato care consists of regular watering with warm water under root, making useful fertilizers, soil loosening, formation and garters, constant steaming, as well as protection against harmful insects and viruses.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Resistance to diseases and pests
The variety is practically not subject to tomato disease. It is resistant to fusarious fading, alternariasis, colaporiosa. Immunity to the phytooftor is not very stable. From the invasion of pests and fungus protects the prophylactic spraying of fungicides and insecticides. Dangerous at the initial stage of growth for seedlings can be a colorado beetle.
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus
Resistance to adverse weather conditions
Tomatoes have high stress resistance, so they are not scary sharp temperature differences, cooling, heat and drought. In addition, the grade is absolutely immune to the short laptop of moisture in the soil.
Tomatoes San Martzano are grown in many European countries. Not so long ago, they were massively planting in different climatic zones of Russia and Ukraine, where culture grows perfectly and gives high stable yields.