- Authors: Hovrin A. N., Korchagin B. IN., Maksimov S. IN., Tereshonkova T. BUT., Klimenko N. N. (LLC “Center Ogorodnik”, OOO “Agrofirma Search”)
- Year of assumptions: 2018
- Category: Hybrid
- Type of growth: Intemimensional
- Purpose: Fresh use, to salmon and canning
- Ripening time: Mediterranean
- Timing of ripening, days: 95-100
- Growing conditions: For open soil, for film greenhouses, for greenhouses
- Bush size: Tall
- Leaves: Middle, Green
See all the characteristics
Tomato called Red Lukeum attracted the attention of Russian daches with colorful and neat fruits. Such vegetables will decorate any festive table. Before choosing this variety for cultivation, it is necessary to get acquainted with its agricultural engineering and other features.
Description of varieties
The hybrid plant received an intederminant growth type. The assembled harvest is ideal for all-door canning and other billets. Also, they can be incentive, enjoying the expressive taste. Grow grade both open-air and greenhouses (film greenhouses). Tall bushes. Standard green leaves, medium in size. Shape – typical tomato. Inflorescences – simple.
The main qualities of fruits
Like the rest of immature tomatoes, the fruits of the variety red bows remain green with a dark spot in the place of fastening of the frozen. Ridden vegetables become bright red. Color – uniform. Due to small sizes, tomatoes fall under the category Cherry. In the weight they are gaining from about 26 to 30 grams. Form – rounded, sometimes there is a small rhine. With proper cultivation, all the fruits grow the same in size.
In one fruit cyst, simultaneously ripes from 8 to 10 vegetables. Tomatoes are covered with shiny glossy skin, under which a dense pulp is hiding. Fruits are resistant to cracking.
Gastronomic characteristics – high. Rided tomatoes are considered dessert, with severe sweet taste.
Ripening and fruiting
Hybrid red bows refers to the middle-easier. The timing of ripening of fruits is from 95 to 100 days.
The yield of this variety is considered high. From one square meter of the site collect from 7.2 to 7.5 kilograms of tomatoes. Exact figures depend on many indicators: care (watering, irrigation, fertilizer), climate, cultivation conditions.
Dates of landing on seedlings and landing in the ground
In the open ground, seedlings are transferred 60 days after the appearance of the first germs. By this time, the soil must warm up, and early spring frosts completely retreat. When transferring seedlings to a greenhouse, work can be carried out a little earlier. Greater seeds can be independently. Sowing is performed in capacity with a volume of at least 400 grams. Drainage holes for removing extra moisture are required.
Work performed according to the following scheme.
- A homogeneous soil in 3-4 centimeters thick is poured into a compact saucer or plate. You can use disposable plastic dishes. Soil moisturizes.
- On the surface there are a grid with cells 1-2 centimeters. Grains unfold over lines.
- Sowing material is sprinkled with a small amount of land (layer of 1 centimeter thick) and moisturize again.
- To prevent the dryness of the soil, the saucer is covered or placed in a dense plastic bag. The shelter is removed when shoots appear.
When growing seedlings in one container, a dive is conducted. Young seedlings are searched by separate pots after the appearance of two full-fledged sheets.
You can also make sowing without further dive. To do this, work in this way.
- Seeds germinate in separate flower pots, which are filled with soil on 2/3. Earth irrigate.
- After they make a small hole in which the seed is placed. The grains are sprinkled with soil and moisturize again.
- To create a greenhouse effect, container is covered with polyethylene. It also prevents the soil drying.
For the full development of seedlings you need a sufficient amount of light. After the formation of the entrances, experienced daches advise on 3-5 days to provide it around the clock highlighting. After the light day, it is cut to 18-20 hours (with the onset of the fourth week), and then to 11-12 hours (on the fifth week of growing). For lighting use special lamps that can be purchased in gardery stores.
Irrigate young plants 1-2 times a week. Such a scheme adhere to three weeks. After, up to disembarking bushes, watering increases to 3-4 times a week. It is also recommended to sprinkle with a sprayer (2-3 times a week).
The main stages of growing seedlings at home
Preparation of seeds
Basic preparation methods: Warming, disinfection, soaking in growth stimulants, bubbling, hardening, germination. These technicians are aimed at different results and have a different purpose.
According to experts, preliminary soaking can increase yields by 30%. The duration of soaking is determined depending on the solution used and the quality of seeds.
What kind of soil to choose for seedlings
Land for planting tomato seeds house should not be taken from the garden. The soil for seedling tomato should have good breathability, provide the necessary level of humidity, and the pH acidity level should be about 6.5 units.
Between rows of tall bushes, you need to leave a gap of 60-70 centimeters, and between the plants themselves – 40-60 centimeters.
Growing and care
When irrigation, you need to follow the moisture does not hit the shoots and leaves. Watered bushes infrequently, but abundantly. In the roast and dry season, watering perform 2-3 times a week, the rest will be enough 1-2 times a week.
Plants can be formed in 1 or 2-3 stems. Necessarily a garter is carried out so that the shoots did not learn to the Earth under the weight of vegetables and did not break. Periodically produced soil and cleaning of a site from weeding plants, which are taken from the soil nutrients and substances. If the steps are formed in small quantities, steaming it is not necessary. Otherwise, lateral processes remove.
How and than feed tomatoes?
At each stage of growth, various trace elements are needed. All fertilizers can be divided into two groups: mineral and organic. Folk remedies are often used: iodine, yeast, bird litter, egg shell.
It is important to comply with the norm and the period of feeding. This also applies to folk remedies, and organic fertilizers.
YeastBoric acidIodineAshCalcium Selitrasuccinic acidMilk serumHydrogen peroxideChicken litterSodaNettleMullein
Processing and prevention from diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in the greenhouse
During the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse, there are often diseases due to a violation of the temperature regime and excessive humidity. The most common diseases are fungal (phytoofluorosis, colaporiosis, rot).
Diseases and pests of tomatoes in open soil
Fighting diseases and pests of tomatoes in open areas is quite complex. This is due to the fact that the grated is exposed to various pathogens and pest insects.
PhytofluoroPuffy dewVertexClapPoriosGray GnilTobacco Mosaic virus